One of the most famous American landscape painters of the 19th century. The representative of neo-romanticism depicted the Wild West and the Indians in his paintings. Belonged to the Hudson River School.
A year after his birth, the family moved to America. Later traveled to Europe, especially in Italy. Made many drawings of the Alps.
In 1859, participating in the geodetic measurements as part of the expedition of the US Army Corps of Engineers, first visited the Rocky Mountains. During the expedition he performed many drawings and daguerreotypes, which he later used as blanks to create his landscapes. In landscapes, Bierstadt skillfully used the effect of the play of light and shadow.