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Anders Zorn
Anders
 Zorn
Sweden 1860−1920
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Biography and information
 
Anders Leonard Zorn (the Swede. Anders Leonard ZornFebruary 18th, 1860,
Moore, Stockholm, Sweden — August 22, 1920, Moora, Stockholm, Sweden) — famous Swedish painter, graphic artist and sculptor. Had a great influence on the development of Russian art — at the time, "Russian Cornam" called Valentin Serov, Konstantin Korovin and many others.
Features of the artist Anders Zorn: Zorn is inherent in a sweeping manner, a large DAB and a deep insight into the nature of the model, making it one of the most sought-after portraitists of her time, and let Zorn be considered "his" and among the Impressionists, and among supporters of realism of the old school.
Famous paintings of Anders Zorn: "Mrs. Walter Rathbone Bacon", "Galenika girls in the bath", "Our daily bread".

Among the virtues of the Swedish artist Anders Zorn never had moderation. He breathed in deeply, taking from life all she could offer him, and sometimes a little beyond that. He didn’t save neither money nor paint, nor the energy. If Zorn danced, until the fall. If you drink, until the morning cocks.

His brush was easy. He, in General, much was easy. For example, Zorn surprisingly quickly found a common language with different people — millionaires, kings, presidents, farmers, workers (especially pretty). He loved and knew how to live. Must be that was his secret: Zorn paintings is not just full of life, they squirt it, infecting the desire to live all around.

For a few dollars more

Anders Zorn was born in 1860 in the suburb of Moore in the Swedish province of Dalarna. His father, a local brewer, was not married to the mother, and Anders almost do not know. He grew up on the family farm owned by his maternal grandparents, combining education with hard peasant labor. Of interest to any science Anders showed and studied pretty bad. However, already in elementary school it became a notable artistic talent: the young man deftly carved figures from wood, and mother hoped that he would become at least a Cabinet-maker.

In 15 years, Anders Zorn entered the school at the Royal Academy of fine arts in Stockholm, and four years later — to the Academy. Against expectations, the sculpture isn’t as interesting. After the exhibition The Egron Lundgrenthat Zorn called for in 1876 he became ill with watercolour (1, 2, 3).

To make ends meet in the lean student days, Anders Zorn painted to order. So he met Emma Lamm — a girl from a wealthy Jewish family, whose portraitwas ordered in ' 81. Emma was well educated, she spoke several languages, had exquisite manners, was keenly interested in art. In the same year, Anders and Emma got engaged. The engagement was secret: Emma Lamm was not sure that her relatives — textile kings and hereditary snobs will be excited from a relationship with a poor artist, and besides, the bastard.

Over time it became clear that Emma made the right bet. Zorn became a great celebrity, first in Stockholm, then London, Paris, Russia and the United States. Over the years, his fame and his fees have steadily risen. He regularly received medals at the most prestigious exhibitions, but much more important was the fact that Zorn was a fashionable artist. A rare case: the demand was higher than after death. Millionaires, presidents, members of Royal families and socialites — everyone wanted to have them written by Anders Zorn. In one of the American magazines in 1901 estimated that only portraits of Zorn earned 15 thousand dollars a week.

And the Oscar goes to…

Its popularity Zorn really enjoyed it. If you are going to Stockholm, he never lost an opportunity with the provincial immediacy to lose a wife (especially her haughty relatives) something like: "Oscar asked me to paint his portrait"referring to king of Sweden Oscar II. Though awe before noble customers Zorn never experienced. The same Oscar II, he was persuaded to abandon the orders and front of the uniform, explaining that he is an interesting character, not gilded bling. Arrogant Rockefeller, promises Zorn on the dollar more than he paid President Taft,refused at all. When Savva Mamontovasked why in his portrait of Zorn did not make any of the buttons, he replied: "I'm an artist, not a tailor". This wasn’t a drop of arrogance. Zorn really was interested in the characters, not the buttons or the order — it was that interest that made his characters live, and the Zorn is an incredibly sought-after portraitist.

Among their own

I must say that the name Zorn aspirated not only the gallery owners and wealthy customers, colleagues valued him no less. About him with admiration spoke James Whistlerand the main competitor in the genre of portrait John Singer Sargent. The main geographic foci of the "corpoparassita" was, perhaps, the United States and Russia. Suffice it to say that Russian art critics were accused of "cornise" and Korovinand Serovand Arkhipovaand Malyavinaand many others.

In 1897 Zorn was in Russia. In Moscow went on Chaliapin in the gallery to the Tretyakov. In St. Petersburg showed that 27 works for Diaghilev organized the exhibition of Scandinavian artists and, chuckling contentedly in his luxurious mustache, looked like Repinproclaims a toast "Paganini of painting" and "the first artist virtuoso of Europe"at the Banquet, who in honor of Zorn threw Diaghilev and a Redwood*. Also in St. Petersburg, Zorn gave a session of writing of Nudes at the Academy of fine arts — hitting the audience with speed, vigor of letters, a small amount of paint used, and a huge broad brush. By this time already fully formed the swift and sweeping manner, for which Zorn counted among the Impressionists.

Konstantin Korovin, who was a friend of Cornum, recalled how one day they were invited to the Prince Golitsino — then Governor of Moscow:

"At a large round table situated guests for tea.

Now this painting went — said one lady. The horror! All strokes and strokes, understand anything. Awful. I saw recently in St. Petersburg the exhibition. Told you you were the Impressionists. Painted a haystack, and imagine the blue… it is awful. We have hay, and I think everywhere is green, isn’t it? And he’s blue! And strokes, strokes… the Famous, say, the impressionist painter, French**. It is horror what that! You well, not an impressionist, I hope we don’t have them, and the glory of God.

I can see Zorn as something flashes.

Yes. But Velasquez— impressionist, Madam, ' he said.
— Really? — surprised lady.
— Yes, and he (Zorn pointed to me) — impressionist.
Dear home Zorn asked me:
Is the upper light? This is the highest light?
"Yes," I say.
— How strange.
Zorn was silent. And the next morning he Packed his bags and left to itself in Sweden".

Immoral sustainable

If there was something setmovable the glory of the famous carnovsky portraits, it is his untold nu (1, 2, 3). Looking at these Sunny cheerful, imbued with eroticism and sensuality of the fabric, it’s hard not to ask a certain question. The answer is quite obvious: no, Anders Zorn definitely was no Saint. He loved to paint naked women. And of these women he had loved — hardly Zorn would have achieved such outstanding results, whether his morals are postitive.

From the marriage of Anders and Emma Zorn seemed to be a monolith: they traveled together, together appear in public together and always came back home. They were partners for many years. However, the idyll was another bottom. Some biographers believe that in the second half of the nineteenth century neighborhood of the city of Moore was full of illegitimate babies. Their mother always said a local priest that I do not know who the father is. And at the baptism, depending on the floor — wanted to name the baby Anders Andrea.

Emma Zorn was a patient woman and preferred not to rock the boat. She put up with irrepressible temperament Anders until it was about the maids and peasants. However, at least once she felt a real threat when Zorn is seriously interested in Emily Bartlett — bred fine lady, whom he had met in Paris. The relationship lasted several years, were no secret to Emma. A photograph where she playing with his rival in Billiards. The marriage survived, and this time — this is the party that Emma won.

Matched sexual appetites Zorn was his thirst. Together with albert Engström, a famous cartoonist, faithful friend and devoted companion — Zorn tried epic binge. According to a popular legend, one of them even ended the immediate purchase of the tavern, from which Zorn and His tried to make by reason of the coming dawn.

When in 1922 in Sweden held a referendum on prohibition, albert Engstrom drew the posterwhere he painted the glass of vodka, a bottle of beer and boiled crawfish is a traditional buffet during the "cancer week" in August. Engstrom on the poster angrily pointed to the mouth-watering red crabs and proclaimed: "Crayfish require these drinks. You have to give them up if the vote is "for". The wets had won by a margin of 2%. Alas, Engstrom was not able to share the joy of victory with the old ally. By the time Zorn for two years, was not alive.

Long way home

Since entering the Academy Anders Zorn lived a double life. No, it’s not about his many novels and not about how realistic coexisted in him with the impressionist. Still a student he lived in the fall and winter in Stockholm, and with the onset of spring was returning home in the dead of the province. And he turned from a gentleman of the artistic profession in a hick, simpleton, Lummox, whose interests cosmically distant from the cabin of disputes about art. Zorn loved this simple rural life. And becoming an international celebrity has not changed this tradition: no matter how applauded it capital of the world, he always came home. True when Zorn refused to portrait of Rockefeller, one of the reasons was personal animosity. But the main thing — Zorn wanted to get home at Midsummer — a Midsummer Holiday, who tried not to miss.

He was very attached to the country (especially small), to mother, to the roots. American impressionist Edward Simmonsdescribed in his autobiography as Zorn ever bought in European capitals, expensive coats and coats and referred to their mother in the end, she has accumulated a full chest and could barely close the lid. Zorn did not think about where backwoods old girl go in the fashionable furs. He was an artist, not a tailor.

In 1888 Zorn acquired a plot of land in Mora and moved to his old home of his grandfather, where he grew up. Gradually expanding, the old house turned into a mansion Corriden. Here Anders Zorn equipped one of their shops. Here in Moore, he died at the age of 60 years.

After the artist’s death by the efforts of Emma Zorn manor was converted into a Museum. Today it exhibits works of art, which Zorn has collected all his life, and of course picture of the Zorn. Pictures that sprinkle light, energy and life. Picture, seeing that someone might want to name the baby Anders Andrea.


Notes:

* There is a misconception about portrait of Savva Mamontov brush Zornfrom the collection of the Pushkin Museum — though it was written during a visit of the artist in Russia in 1897, on one of the public sessions of painting, which he then arranged. In fact, the portrait of Mamontov was created a year earlier, in Paris. And in Russia, Zorn wrote a collector and patron Duchess Maria Tenishevs. Diaghilev reported in a letter to Benois: "These days are waiting for Zorn a, Thaulowand Edelfelt. Imagine the first two will be staying with me! The Princess [Tenisheva] orderedFrom Zorn portrait". This portrait Zorn never finished.


** It is, of course, Claude Monetand the exhibition of the French Impressionists, which was held in Moscow in 1895, the year. This exhibition, among other things, have had a profound impact on the further development of art. One lawyer visiting her, I decided to quit law and went to Germany to study painting. It was Wassily Kandinsky. It at the Moscow exhibition of the Impressionists too impressed with the "haystacks" Monet, the painting (it is probably about one of two things — thisor this), which revolted and delighted him that he could not understand what it depicts, until he looked in the catalog.


Author: Andrew Zimoglyadov
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Anders Zorn. Maya von Heijne
Maya von Heijne
Anders Zorn
1911, 37×30 cm
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Anders Zorn. Against the tide
Anders Zorn. Maria
Anders Zorn. Morning
Whole feed
Artworks by the artist
total 280 artworks
Anders Zorn. Galenika girls in the bath
34
Galenika girls in the bath
1906, 86×53 cm
Anders Zorn. Portrait of Savva Mamontov
3
Portrait of Savva Mamontov
1896, 130×96.5 cm
Anders Zorn. Omnibus II
40
Omnibus II
1892, 126×88 cm
Anders Zorn. Bather
9
Bather
1897, 52×36 cm
Anders Zorn. Mrs. Walter Rathbone Bacon
2
Mrs. Walter Rathbone Bacon
1897, 170.8×108 cm
Anders Zorn. Bathing
2
Bathing
1890, 23×15 cm
Anders Zorn. The bed in the attic
3
The bed in the attic
1919, 100×75 cm
Anders Zorn. Summer fun
12
Summer fun
1886, 76×54 cm
Anders Zorn. Anders Zorn and his wife
2
Anders Zorn and his wife
1890, 41×29 cm
View 280 artworks by the artist
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