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Anton Mauve (niderl. Anton Mauve; September 18, 1838, Zaandam - February 5, 1888, Arnhem) - Dutch artist, one of the founders of the Hague School.

The son of a priest, Anton Mauve, at the age of 14 left the house to paint. What broke the heart of his father and his plans to continue the family tradition. Then followed the years of apprenticeship and lack of money. Long sketches in nature and diligent search for their own technology made Mauve the best watercolor painter in Holland. And at 34, he came to The Hague - and became one of the founders of an artistic organization that defended watercolor as an independent art, and not an auxiliary technique for sketching.

Stubborn and obsessed with work, achieved perfect mastery of the brush, Anton Mauve became the first real teacher Vincent van Gogh, although these relationships did not last long. Mauve was married to one of Van Gogh’s cousins — and at the very beginning of his artistic education he invited the young man to live in his house and join the work in his workshop. The three weeks that Van Gogh managed to spend in the house of Mauve before quarreling with him made a powerful impression on him. For the first time, he saw a mature artist who, with masterly precision, put on paint and in a few strokes conveyed the nuances of light and shadow.
Mauve was a leading artist of the Hague School, which is now referred to as a naturalistic direction in painting, was a prized and revered, but not at all secular man. The last years of his short life he spent in the village of Laren, where he painted rural landscapes with sheep and horses, raised four children, met with American collectors, who bought the famous "sheep" cycle to race, and gathered around him a whole group of young artists in whom had a huge impact.

Features of Anton Mauve: The first teacher of Mauve was animal painter Peter Frederick van Os - watching animals became for the young Mauve his own way of perception and creative communication with the outside world. All his life, he wrote the land of lusha, pastures, peasant yards and rural roads - all those places where it is easiest to see a flock of sheep chewing cows or a drawn horse. Landscapes and genre paintings of Mauve are not characterized by drama and expression - they are quiet, and in color, most often gray-blue, and composition, and the plot is measured, concise and lyrical.

Famous paintings by artist Anton Mauve: “The return of the flocks. Laren, "Morning trip on the beach", "Swamp", "Woman from Laren with a Lamb".
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