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375 artworks, 143 artists
Installation as a form of art is a spatial composition that combines elements, which are heterogeneous in meaning and texture, into a single work of art. It encourages the viewer to analytical and critical thinking, based on the associative and emotional perception of the artists’ works. When creating installations, artist uses available objects, things, visual media and information sources, while the quality and durability of the materials hardly affect the artist’s choice.
The first installations appeared in the 1960s, when artists felt the need to go beyond the limitations of traditional art, planar, spatial, territorial limitations. Abstract artists advocated the lack of “limits” in their work and were catalysts for the emergence of a new trend. As a result, a genre appeared that combined painting, sculpture and architecture, and then it left the museum space. At the end of the 20th century, modern technologies made it possible to create a new type of work, in particular, video installations.
The unifying feature of the installations was the symbolism of materials and objects. Practical or literal properties have lost their meaning. When creating works of this type of art, artists use all available materials: paper, stone, metal and others. Installation size varies from a dozen centimetres to the museum space and exhibition halls. The artwork value depends on the relationship between objects, images, materials and the space in which the objects are located.