Summer bonfire on the beach in Skagen

Peder Severin Krøyer • Painting, 1906, 149.5×257 cm
Digital copy: 815.7 kB
3500 × 2020 px • JPEG
50 × 29.1 cm • 176 dpi
59.3 × 34.2 cm • 150 dpi
29.6 × 17.1 cm • 300 dpi
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About the artwork
Art form: Painting
Subject and objects: Genre scene
Style of art: Impressionism, Realism
Technique: Oil
Materials: Canvas
Date of creation: 1906
Size: 149.5×257 cm
Region: Skagen
Artwork in selections: 26 selections
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Description of the artwork «Summer bonfire on the beach in Skagen»

A huge bonfire on the beach skagerstam divorced in honor of the summer equinox and the feast of St Hans – an analogue of our day of Ivan Kupala. This painting is called the last will and Testament, the parting of Krøyer. The artist felt that he left to live long. Seem to that bonfire he invited all the important people that have crossed in Skagen.

The first idea of this work arose from Krøyer in 1892. He brought her only 14 years later. The final version was preceded by sketches and sketches.

It is interesting that in the painting we see three sources that give different light: it is a fire, the moon and the lighthouse in the distance. Kramer writes great glare and reflections created by these three sources. But the sun we do not see. If we consider the symbolic underpinnings, it should be noted that at the end of the life of Krøyer was not particularly Sunny: deteriorated mental illness and youth with untreated syphilis, is rapidly falling vision, left wife...

Should look to the fire, gathered around him a lot to tell about the life of Peder Severin Krøyer. Critics have identified almost all the characters. Except that a few local kids Yes fishermen remained nameless. Krøyer's daughter Vibeke is left with hat in hand. Beside her sat the boy is the son of the mayor of Skagen. The girl says something to her uncle, mother's brother, Waldemar Triple. Behind him in the left corner himself, the mayor and his wife. Behind her can be seen Michael Anker artist, one of the first who discovered the beauty of Skagen, and the brother of his wife, Dinah Brendola. Itself Anna Anker is far from Vibeke, her grey-blue suit. The only character who looks, seems, directly at the artist (and viewer) is a smiling lady in a hat and a flower in his hand. It's Henney, Brodersen, wife of the Treasurer of the city administration. Henny looked after Vibeke when Marie left Skagen behind the house – when Serena (so called Krøyer friends and family) once again got into a psychiatric clinic, and for himself. She was his last love, gave him warmth and support, and patiently endured his moods and manifestations of diseases. Perhaps, at the time of writing this picture is really only Henny looked straight at the Krøyer and was interested in them personally. To the right of Henny – the postmaster and his wife. The man in black, similar to the mage hat and cane in hand – a writer Holger Drachman in his youth was fond of painting. Under the arm he's holding his young wife Sophie.

In the background we see a fisherman's boat and leaning against him some. Is the composer Hugo alfvén, which of Krøyer's wife left him, and she is Marie. They are present at a fire, but it seems that they are not here. Actually, it was Marie to that time, left with Hugo. Steam on the other side of the bonfire is no less remarkable. Hand to hand, they seem to run away laughing. Man – a local Treasurer Hans Brodersen, husband of Henny. And a woman – its almost official mistress, Mrs. Detlef yurgensen. Strong tall man in the hat, "orchestrated" fire is the Chairman of the coastal rescue service.

Right foreground stands tall among the children of fishermen, the man in the white hat, something drawing pencil in album – artist Lauritz Tuxen. At him with a smile, watching his wife Frederikke. It happened that in the group portraits, the artist placed himself, but this picture anticipates the time when Krøyer in this company will be gone.

Krøyer is often resorted to the genre of multifigure portrait, skillfully builds the composition and relationships between the characters, bringing together disparate crowd into a single entity, whether Industrialists, visitors of the galleriesor the fishermen and their wives.

Author: Alain Esaulova