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Andreevna Kiseleva


Elena Kiseleva (27 October 1878, Voronezh, Russia — July 8, 1974, Belgrade, Serbia) born in Voronezh, in the family of a teacher and mathematician Andrei Petrovich Kiselyov. The family was well known and progressive: Andrei Petrovich taught mathematics at Voronezh Institute of people's education and the number of courses was for many years a member of the City Council. His wife, Maria Eduardovna, in addition to raising three children, involved in charity work, together with her husband opened in his house a welcome school for peasant children, which after the revolution was turned into an orphanage (together with the nationalization of estates). Since 1922, the family lives in Leningrad, where I had already settled the younger children.

The first private drawing lessons Elena Kiseleva received Mikhail Ponomarev, a famous Voronezh photographer and artist. Then he studied at the Voronezh art school under the guidance of artist Solovyov Lev, after which he entered the Mariinsky women's gymnasium. After finishing the gymnasium with Golden medal, Kiseleva enrolled in the Bestuzhev courses in Saint Petersburg.

Of course, the daughter of a famous mathematician chose mathematics. However, to become a teacher she was not fated: in 1898, after suffering typhus, Kiseleva decided to devote himself to art path and becomes a student at the Higher art school at Academy of arts. Two years later she entered the Academy and learns in the workshop Ilya Repin.

One of his favorite students, Elena Kiseleva fully embraced the academic, the classical school of his mentor. In 1903, Repin instructs Elena and another of his talented pupil, member of Maleshevski, work on a series of dioramas for the 200th anniversary of St. Petersburg.

In the same year the artist gets for the first time abroad, in Paris. Filled with the latest trends and bringing them into his works, a young artist finds no support at home. Her sketch of the thesis, "Paris cafe" was rejected by the Council of academicians of the very unflattering reviews. Then Kiselyov takes a holiday and leaves again in Paris — rebellious akademiska goes to the art school of the painter and graphic artist eugène Carriere. Deliberate "poverty" of the palette Carrier in the works Kiseleva did not appear: her work is bright, the artist works with color and light. In 1907 she finishes Academy of arts with thesis "Of the bride. The day of Pentecost".

Elena Kiselyova became the first womengraduated from Academy of fine arts, which was officially granted pensionerstvo to study abroad. As one of St. Petersburg Newspapers, "in her face for the first time the Academy crowned with laurels pupil and deserve." Naturally, she again went to Paris, where he studied at the Academy of Rodolphe Julian. Next was a trip to Italy, and in 1911, the artist returned to Russia.

Living and working in EuropeElena Kiseleva took an active part in exhibitions: she displayed their works in exhibitions of the New society and the Union of Russian artists, international exhibitions in Munich (1909) and Rome (1911). In 1909, the Spring exhibition at the Academy of arts portrait of "Home"where Kiselyov has depicted himself in the interior of his Paris Studio, was awarded the prize named after A. I. Kuindzhi.

The best period in the works of Elena Kiseleva experts and historians believe the 1910-ies. The artist was accompanied by continued success at numerous exhibitions, about it wrote much in the press, she enjoyed the respect and support of the Ilya Repin often visited the estate of his teacher in the Finnish Kuokkala. Critics were favourable, noting the work of the artist Union of the classical school and post-impressionism. Paintings bought willingly; it is known that several paintings purchased for private collection of Maxim Gorky.

One of the few works Elena Kiseleva, combining portrait and animal genres — the portrait of the first husband of the artist, Nicholas Perevernula-Black. Family life they have not happened, but after the divorce, the former couple maintained friendly relations. Korney Chukovsky spoke to the wife Kiseleva very unflattering: "When I met him, it turned out to be the idler, the parasite, do not read anything, indifferent to everything except his car, nails and parting — living on the funds of his wife, a man conceited, uninteresting, stupid, but like a good-natured". However, Pervertedly-Black was capable of love for their own dogs. And Elena had a rich life, full of creative aspirations.

Wrote the artist, "most importantly, I have always been fascinated by the portrait of a woman. When I met a beautiful woman, I wanted her to write." She managed to create a whole galaxy of amazing female images, capture live image of his contemporaries, to convey a true sense of immersion in the atmosphere of the Silver age.

In 1917 Elena Kiseleva moved to Odessa. Here she meets her second husband — Anton Bilimovich, whom he met in 1914 in France. Professor of mechanics, and later rector of the Novorossiysk University, Anton Bilimovich became the constant companion of the artist. In may 1917 they had a son Arseny.

As Zinaida Serebryakovaa turn of fate and creative ambitions Elena Kiseleva was emigration: in February 1920, the artist travelled to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes — since then called the future of Yugoslavia, where Professor Bilimovich got a job at the University of Belgrade. Unlike Serebryakova, in exile Kiseleva anything not needed: the family was wealthy, had his own house, think about piece of bread and Helena Andreyevna was not necessary. But creativity in her life became much less what she's always regretted.

In his memoirs, Elena Kiseleva wrote: "My husband was too great a scholar, completely absorbed by his science and his work, he could not help me in running the household and in the upbringing of his son. It was all on me. We have a lot of people used to live what is called "open" but nobody was interested in the artist Kiseleva".

In 1970 Elena Andreevna buried her husband, Anton Bilimovich, and the remaining years spent in solitude, giving a vow of silence and a lot of time devoting to flowers, and loved the garden. The final point in his work Elena Kiseleva delivered after death of son: being on German-occupied territory, Arseny in 1942 together with his wife were in a concentration camp. Two years later, after their return in 1944, Arseny was seriously ill and soon died. "Portrait of his son on his deathbed" — the latest work of Elena Kiseleva. She held the picture in his room; bequest of the artist, it was burned after her death, the cremation. The artist died at the age of 95 years.

The return of heritage Elena Kiseleva, a new discovery in her name to the history of Russian painting has greatly contributed to the art from Voronezh Margarita Luneva. With the help of the Belgrade national Museum of art in 1967 Luneva found out that Elena Kiseleva-Bilimovich still alive, and I contacted the artist; their correspondence continued until the last days of life of the artist. Reflecting on his legacy, Elena Andreevna gave most of his paintings to the city where she was born in Voronezh Museum of fine arts.

Winter-spring 2017he held his first solo exhibition artist in Moscow.

Biographical sketch prepared by Rita Lozinskaya

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