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Gentile Bellini
Gentile
 Bellini
Italia 1429−1507
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Gentile Bellini — Italian painter. Presumably born in 1429 in Venice, died in 1507 in Venice.

The son of Jacopo Bellini and presumably the elder brother of Giovanni Bellini.

Extremely revered in the life of the artist. In 1479, was sent to Constantinople to Sultan Mehmed II, who asked for a good portrait.

The artist was known for portraits of the Doges of Venice and a full-size plot canvas. Most of the work was lost during a fire in the Doge's Palace in 1579.

(1429-1507)

Italian painter. Master of the Venetian school. The son and disciple of Jacopo Bellini. He was influenced by Mantegna.

In 1469 he received a knighthood from the Emperor Frederick III.

In 1474 he took the post of official painter of the Venetian Republic and was commissioned to lead the work on an extensive series of large mural paintings on historical themes in the hall of the Great Council of Doge's Palace (not preserved).

In 1479-1480 the artist visited Constantinople at the invitation of the Turkish Sultan Mehmet II, also awards him the knight's title.

In the extant scenic heritage of Gentile Bellini a Central role, the four compositions belonging to characteristic of Venice, the genre of the monumental multi-figure scenes on a historical theme. Three of them — the Procession in the Piazza San Marco (1496), the miracle of the cross at the bridge of San Lorenzo (1500), the Miraculous healing of Pietro de Ludovici (1501, all — Venezia gallery of the Academy) is included in the cycle history of the relics, written by a group of Venetian masters for the religious-philanthropic fraternity Scuola Grande di San Giovanni Evangelista and dedicated to the events associated with belonging to the brotherhood of the miraculous cross; the fourth Sermon of St Mark in Alexandria (1507, Milan, Pinacoteca di Brera), is intended for the brotherhood of the Scuola Grande di San Marco, finished Giovanni Bellini.

In the late period of activity of the Gentile work created the genre of monumental historical compositions appears in his classic form. The artist is likened to the author of historical Chronicles, portraying the legendary or real event with meticulously transferred the details of the situation, the appearance of buildings and squares, facial features and costumes, many of life's details. And at the same time the depicted events emerge from Gentile Bellini as historically significant. His compositions are solemn, well-laid out, with an abundance of shapes and components creates in them of closeness; on the contrary, they have the majestic breadth of space, clarity and strictness of rhythm. A huge role in them is played by the architecture, real or fictitious building, creating a majestic backdrop of the events, contributing to the composition of the solemnity and strict regularity.

Somewhat dry brushwork Gentile distinguish cannot and firmness of drawing, nobleness strict color scheme, plenty of light of light and the transparency of shadows. A number of excellent portrait images in these compositions testifies to the gift of Gentile Bellini-portrait that is confirmed by the few extant portraits of the work: Lorenzo Giustinian (1465, Venice, Accademia), Sultan Mehmet II (CA. 1480, London, NAT. gallery). Gentile Bellini has created a whole new trend in Venetian painting of the last decades of the XV — beginning of XVI century, had a great influence on his contemporaries, who worked in the genre of historical painting, in particular, to his pupil, Carpaccio.

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