I studied in Samara (early 1890s) F. E. brown, Central school of technical drawing Stieglitz (1895) in St. Petersburg. in Riga, in D. Clark (1896−1903), in the St. Petersburg Academy of arts (1903−1911). N. Dubovsky, A. A. Kiselyov. In 1911 he received the title of artist. Pensioner of the Academy of arts in Italy (1912−1913). Member of the Association of the Wanderers (1917). Participant of exhibitions: Academic, Society of Russian watercolors, the Association of the Wanderers (1912). From 1924 he lived and worked abroad.
The fate of the Russian painter Konstantin Ivanovich Gorbatov (1876−1945) is full of contrasts, as well as his painting.
Gorbatov was born in the town of Stavropol in the Samara province. As in any of the provincial towns of Central Russia, there were the old temples, ramshackle house on the overgrown grass wooden pavements, thick silence. And most importantly was the Volga, which was later praised Gorbatov in his series of paintings with the indispensable sailing banners on the iridescent water.
The school of the artist Gorbatov was held in the beginning 1890-x of years in Samara, a local artist F. E. Burov, and from 1896 to 1903 he lives in Riga, studies at the Polytechnic and continued his art education by D. Clark.
Arriving in St. Petersburg in 1903, Gorbatov, first studying at the famous School of drawing Stieglitz, and then at the Academy of arts at the architectural Department. A year later, he transferred to the painting Department under the guidance of A. A. Kiselev and P. N. Dubovsky. Not accidentally later, the artist finds his path is in the architectural landscape.
In 1912, the 35-year-old K. Gorbatov travels to Rome pensioner of the Academy of arts. Initially working in the Eternal city, and then at the invitation of Maxim Gorky moved him to Capri.
Gorky had gathered there around the colony of young artists from Russia: Gorelov, Brodsky, falileev, Veselov… a Famous writer of the highlights of her countryman-Volzhanin Gorbatova together twice a week, they bypass the youth workshops. After Italy, having traveled all over Europe, Gorbatov lived in Russia and tirelessly writes its nature, a species of Northern cities of Pskov, Novgorod, H and little Volga and the Volga, with their favorite silhouettes the curves of the birch trees in the foreground paintings.
About the working attitude of the artist, his sensitive heart wrote at the time and I. E. Grabar:
Of St. Petersburg artists hardly anyone knew so well the life of the Northern cities, as Konstantin Ivanovich Gorbatov. From childhood he was used to standing on the funny old fishing boats with patched sails, heavily Laden barges to the smell of muddy water and fresh fish, to the molten sun, mercilessly pouring its rays on the green, the red roofs of the coastal buildings. Adults, when it is considered alien to everything except painting, humpback’ve been missing on the banks of rivers, listened, watched, sketched, wrote a lot, with pleasure. And even more he loved the backyard provincial Northern cities by the end of winter, when the snow became grey, nostratis, when there was the first puddle and started to revive the birches.
In St. Petersburg K. Gorbatov not joined the fashion trends and mugs. According to his worldview, he became a member of the Society. A. I. Kuindzhi, late of traveling exhibitions, as if deliberately behind the speeding locomotive of the new Russian art of the early XX century.
At the time, the manner and style Gorbatova have finally worked out. His stuff is immediately recognizable. Their quality and picturesque beauty ensured success. All gorbatovskiy paintings are easy to sell from exhibitions. But the circle of admirers and buyers of the artist from the middle strata of society, as might be expected, fell apart immediately after the revolution. In 1922 Gorbatov, together with his wife leaves Russia. First Gorbatova live in Italy. In its traditional Russian themes artist now boldly introduces the types of solar angles, Capri, Venice, and then will use motifs inspired by his travels to England, Palestine, Egypt. These colorful town he now blaze on a background of colorful sea (not river), and sky, sometimes expressive written almost puantilistskie stroke.
In 1926 Gorbatova moved to Berlin, where the artist seamlessly joined the group local Russian emigres-artists: L. Pasternak, V. Falaleeva, I. Myasoedova, S. Kolesnikov. They communicate with Russian Parisians at international exhibitions. It should be noted that humpback skillfully uses his craft for a good earnings. Given the General life of the Russian emigration, he looks successful, rents a nice apartment, smartly furnished with Empire style furniture.
After the exhibition of Russian painting in Cologne in 1929, to organize her I. Grabar wrote about the Humpback: Academics, 55 years working the «Russian landscapes», exclusively with churches, the abyss of churches… Has success with the German public, everywhere doing shows, a lot (more than all together) sold and continues to sell. F. Hollerbach noted a lot of sympathy, with which was met the picture Gorbatov in Germany. In Munich even out color postcards with reproductions of these paintings.
Since the early 1930-ies in Germany, the prevailing view in the art style of the Third Reich made the subject of the Russian province entirely inappropriate. Painter K. Gorbatov now lives a difficult life. With the coming to power of Hitler Gorbatov, still listed on their passports to Soviet citizens, had a hard time. When the war started, as unreliable accounts twice a week to report to the police, they lose the opportunity of leaving the country. Obtained a new temporary passports to spouses prolongs the Swedish Embassy for the four-month time frame.
And by the end of the war Gorbatova is really a disaster. And as if the last joy in this life is for the artist’s arrival in the conquered Berlin our army. Just two weeks he experienced the end of world war II and died in Berlin on 24 may 1945. Children Gorbatova had. Olga Gorbatova after the death of her husband literally did not find a place, constantly complained about neighbors on the empty life without him. June 17, 1945, she in a black silk dress, dark stockings, so as not to disturb her obrezanie in the coffin, stood on the windowsill of the kitchen. In the hook above the window was fixed a rope with a noose…
By fortunate coincidence, the housing Gorbatovich went after the Soviet captain-tanker. He transferred to the office of the painting and paper remaining after the former owners. They found and Testament of Konstantin Ivanovich Gorbatov: Write a letter to the tragic moment when death threatens everyone living in Berlin. After the war, I ask all of my paintings to send to the Academy of Arts in Leningrad, let it do whatever you find appropriate.
Part of the artist’s will was fulfilled. The archive and the remaining work Gorbatova was taken to the Soviet Union in 1960-ies have been deposited in the Moscow regional art Museum in the New Jerusalem. His legacy lies within the walls of the ancient stavropegic monastery, lying under the shadow of the white-stone Golden-domed Cathedral. And this from the porch of the monastery with approaching it the birch trees and houses could not be better to remind us of the work of a remarkable artist.