(1901, Kharkov — 1968, Moscow)
Russian Soviet artist and Director. People’s artist of USSR (1960).
In 1914 he studied at the evening drawing school of the Society for the encouragement of artists in 1915 he took lessons in the Studio of S. M. Seidenberg, 1916 — 1918 years was engaged in the New art workshop under M. Dobuzhinsky, A. Yakovlev, V. Shuhaeva.
His first solo directing the play, "hamlet", set in 1932
in the Moscow Theater. EVG.Vakhtangov. The performance was accused of formalism,
in competition with Shakespeare and the lack of understanding of the internal development of the action of the play.
In 1935, Akimov headed the Leningrad theater of satire, which received a new name — the Comedy Theatre. At this time begins his collaboration with the playwright E. Schwartz.
In 1949 appeared in the press a scathing article on his performances, Akimova openly called a cosmopolitan and formalist, to put on plays was forbidden.
From 1954 to 1968 Akimov taught at the Leningrad state Institute of theatre, music and cinematography, he led the class and was headed by artistic production faculty; Professor (1960). In 1956 he returned to the Comedy Theatre, which all these years, the audience called the "Akimov".
After the death of Akimov left a huge artistic heritage.
1. Etkind M. G. N. P. Akimov is an artist. Leningrad. 1960
2. Etkind M. G. Nikolai Akimov. Scenography, graphics. Album. Moscow. 1980
3. Rautenberg O. Does anyone remember that we were… From the history of artistic life. 1925 — 1935. Moscow. 2004
4. Owes HP Artists of the scene. The legacy of the St. Petersburg state academic Opera and ballet theatre im. M. P. Mussorgsky. Saint-Petersburg. LIK. 2004
5. Boult, E. J., Lobanov-Rostovsky N. D. The artists of the Russian theater 1880 — 1930.
Catalog-reason. Moscow. Art. 1994
6. Lander I. G. macho, P. G. (authors and compilers). Nikolay Pavlovich Akimov. Album. Saint-Petersburg. 2008
7. Makedonskaya E. I., Yu. Martsevich P. (compilers). Exhibition catalogue of book marks. From the collection of the national artist of the USSR B. M. Tenin Moscow. Science. 1985
N. P. Akimov was in Petersburg very young, and almost all of his life was tightly connected with this city.
He studied in the Studio of S. M. Seidenberg (1915−18), a few years later entered the Academy of fine Arts, but left her not finish my studies.
Was engaged in book graphics and managed to create a name for yourself, but really found myself in scenography. Theater work so fascinated him that in the late 1920s he turned to directing, making her the second if not the first profession: in 1933 he headed the Leningrad music hall, and in 1935 — the famous Leningrad Comedy theater, artistic Director of which he remained until his death (except for 1949−55., when he was forced to go to another team).
The theater was the original center of a variety of creative interests Akimov. Famous for his mischievous and graceful, sometimes paradoxical comedic performances, among them a special place belongs to the first interpretation of the play, fairy tales, E. L. Schwartz.
The scenery and costumes created by Akimov after the war — mostly to his own productions, always had a rare imagination and ingenuity ("Shadows" Saltykov-Shchedrin, 1952; "the Case" by A. V. Sukhov-Kobylin, 1955; "Dragon" E. Schwartz, 1962; "don Juan" George. Byron, 1963). Original posters, which he performed for each of its performance, was an integral part of urban commercial in the 1930s and 60s.
In a huge series of paintings and graphic portraits created by a master for several decades, preference to theater people — actors, Directors, playwrights. The themes of theatre and drama prevailed in his book graphics, to which he returned and the 1960s after a long break. Mainly the problems of the theater was dedicated and its brilliant polemical articles, formed the later two volumes.
A born teacher, Governors from 1955 he taught at the Leningrad theatrical Institute, founded and led by the faculty (1960 Professor), where he trained many excellent masters of scenography.
A brilliant and witty man, Akimov was part of the artistic elite of the city, defining its high level and unique face.