Born in the village of Dyagilevo, Vladimir province. Hereditary icon painter. In 1914-1917 he studied at the educational workshops of the Committee of guardianship of Russian iconography. Teacher - I. I. Zubkov. Worked in the workshop of the brothers Belousovich. Student of the Artel of ancient painting since 1929. Teacher - N.M.Zinoviev. Died October 4, 1938, buried in Palekh.
Copied works of I. I. Golikov, I. M. Bakanova, I. P. Vakurova, D. N. Butorin. Themes of works: folklore, literature, genre scenes, hunting. Participated in exhibitions since 1932.
A. S. Baranov are in museums: gmpi, SHAMS, OC Ivanovo State Museum of A. M. Gorky, all-Russian Museum of A. S. Pushkin "Moika 12".