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Petrovich Belov

Russia • 1900−1988

Painter. Member of the Union of artists of the USSR.

People's artist of the RSFSR.

(March 23, 1900, the village of Upper Whiskers of the Perm province — may 4, 1988, Omsk, Staroevino buried at memorial cemetery) is a famous Siberian artist, epic landscape painter, people's artist of Russia (1976). The father is known Omsk artist and teacher honored artist of the RSFSR Stanislav Belov Kondratyevich.


Childhood in the village of Pacha on the shore of Tomi. He started drawing in his 7 years. Father is a farmer, worked to have put the curly furnace with ornament, brutally suppressed harmful pastime. Beebe was given a servant and worker to the local priest, who drew attention to a baritone and music data new assistant and offered the father make his son a subdeacon. The father decided to marry him to the niece of a local widow.

In 17 years with the blessing of his mother ran away from his marriage in Tomsk. Enlisted in the construction of the Murmansk railway. The construction has known privations endured many adventures and disasters: a miracle was saved from mob violence, robbers, of typhoid fever. Returned to Siberia. In may 1919 — Kolchak mobilization. Service in Omsk in the 43rd regiment of drill, drill, and barracks regime. Participated in unsuccessful campaign in Altai against the guerrillas. Moved into the Red Army. Service in Irkutsk in the 48th infantry regiment.

Soldiers Belov draws in indelible ink on the wall of the barracks naked woman, after which he was sent to the art Studio of the regiment, which was led by Georgiy Manuilov. The head of the Studio, once a parish clerk in Pace, immediately appreciated the art data Belova and took him to his 3-month courses. Kondrat Belov adequately completed work in the Studio and at the request of the same G. manuylova, the only one of his graduates, he was sent to a one-year art Studio at the political Department of the 5th Army. The Studio lasted only a year and made the only release. Among the graduates (there were 20, 9 military, other auditors) have been, and K. Belov.

1921 in Irkutsk was restless, the gang kept the town in constant tension. Service and training proceeded in parallel. Teachers were well-known Irkutsk artists K. I. Pomerantsev and S. N. Sokolov, a favorite of the Studio's future schedule Moscow S. D. Bigos (he was older than Beebe is only 5 years old), Chita sculptor Innokenty Zhukov. The first scenic work of Belova "Maslenitsa" has caused the teachers of divergent views, but it is actively defended Bigos. In the following, 1922, the year she exhibited, along with several new works appeared on the spring exhibition of Irkutsk artists.

In 1924 he enrolled at the Omsk art-industrial technical school. M. A. Vrubel. In College he was accepted conditionally, without a scholarship, because there was required for entrance 7 school, and he had only the parish school. Had no problem with special items but had a hard time doing mathematics, physics. Had to earn money as a Stoker in the former Cadet corps, the work was time consuming and gave little money. In Hudprom had to finish printing office, which at that time the unemployment has given great opportunities to find a job in the profession. In 1929, a year after graduating from College, he gets a job as a lithographer to be geographical and mapping factory in the military-topographical Department of the Siberian military district.

In 1924 became a member of the Omsk branch then the largest art groups AChRs (Association of artists of the revolution). In Omsk branch was organized Muscovite N. G. Kotov. By this time, frowzy took a leading role in the artistic life of the city in contrast to other Siberian cities which was dominated by the Association "New Siberia". Under the influence of the Declaration of the Association of all the artists frowzy tried to give people clear, ideologically active art, not delving into the problems of shaping.

In 1932 he was accepted as a member of the newly formed Union of artists of the USSR. In the same year he contracted pulmonary tuberculosis, the doctors forbade him from working in a lithographic shop. Got an artist in the house of the red Army. There he first designed the performances, and then began to play them. The first passion for the theatre was still during the service in Kolchak's army. K. Belov became interested in the theatre. In 1934 he settled in the club flour mill, where there was an actor, artist and Director. In the same year trip to the North of the Omsk district to monitor the harvest, where the artist brought 140 graphic portraits of the percussion work. These portraits are exhibited in the drama, made the 1st solo exhibition of the artist.

In 1937, on the accusation he was expelled from the CPSU(b) as an active guard. Under the pretext of downsizing fired him from the club, removed from the military account for the inability to use in the red army. 1937 in Omsk was a year of hunting for artists. He was arrested and died in camps and prisons Yan Yanovich of Asotin, Ilya Vasilevich Volkov, Mikhail Mikhailovich Oreshnikov, Samuil Feldman — the core of the Omsk branch of the Association "Vsekohudozhnik", which originated in 1932 on the basis of the local branch of the Akhra.

During the war the artist is constantly working. In 1945, awarded the medal "For valiant labour during the great Patriotic war of 1941-1945". In 1946 Belov returns the rank of member of the Union of artists of Russia, restored in the CPSU(b). By the end of 1940-ies of the Omsk artists very prominent in the artistic life of Russia. On the works of Omsk complimentary national press, they are marked on the Republican and all-Union exhibitions. In 1949, the Committee for the arts awarded diplomas for the best works of K. P. Belov, V. p. Volkov, A. N. Liberov, P. S. Mukhin, K. N. Shkotovo.

"Rafting on the Irtysh" (1948) and "the Flood on the Irtysh river" (1949) — the beginning of an infinity of lines in painting of the artist. But even more free, emotional, relaxed he becomes in the small paintings of late 1950-ies. The late 1950s — early 1960s K. P. Belov travels in the North. As a result of reflection seen in the beginning of 1960-x years appears a series of landscapes that show new features in the work of the painter. The epic scale of perception there almost disappears, but the theme remains the same — the life of nature.

In the post-war period K. P. Belov writes not only landscapes. Many works devoted to the theme of revolution, the civil war in Siberia. In 1964, he became the honored art worker. 1976 — people's artist of Russia. The recognition of the artist became in the 60-ies. Performed before any audience, arranged personal exhibitions in various parts of Russia. Among Siberian artists have long been a commonplace expression — "Belovskaya color", ". sky".


Landscape "Rafting on the Irtysh river" (1948) was a stage and software work. In 1949, the landscape included in the exhibition of Soviet art exhibited in several foreign countries. Critics called it the first full and vivid portrait of Siberia. With this work the artist opens a new genre that would become his favorite. K. P. Belov is manifested as an epic landscape, largely opposed to traditional Russian lyrical landscapes (Levitan-savrasovskaya line) and decorative synthetic (from Kuindzhi. The very nature of Siberia demanded other means of expression, different accents. In this work there are a high point, which will be then traditional, which is underlined by a composition of an infinite expanse; it is a favourite motif — the sky and the river, reflection of clouds in water, cold wind, bringing all into motion. For him nature is not beautiful pieces of landscape and animate the living world, and man is only part of it. The artist sees the fullness of the nature of her temperament, just a temperature, but this is only part of something larger — the cosmos. Worldview Belov — pantheist.

After traveling the 1960-ies there are new features in Belovsky landscape. In this series of works, the artist departed from panoramele and scale, narrative dynamics of the organization changed the internal dynamics of nature, expressed in formal art: rhythm and mobility of the stroke, expression. The environment is still increasingly becoming a sponsor of the artist. Although most of the works are named after the places to which they relate ("Tevriz", 1960, "Ust-Ishim", 1960, "Tobolsk", 1960, "Berezovsky Cape", 1960, "Salekhard", 1960, "Salekhard", 1961, "Khanty-Mansiysk", 1961, "Tobolsk centre", 1961), the painter creates large-scale images of old Siberian cities, a guided approach is not at all. It would seem an area like that is written in one place could be in another, but this limits the authenticity of nature. The individuality of the appearance of cities and towns represents for the artist a special case, although this personality it is easy to catch, but does not make it the focus, and dominates the individual state of nature. In the paintings of K. P. Belov not only small towns, but big cities are transformed into parts of the landscape, in a quiet, occasionally noisy a few Islands of human life among the majestic nature.

In the postwar period, the work of K. P. Belov devoted to the theme of revolution, the civil war in Siberia ("Speech of the red Army in Omsk, "the Last parade of the Kolchak" and "the Brigade of the Holy cross", "the Collapse of Kolchak's army"). They are made most often in gouache, sometimes oil. They do not carry deep social research, do not claim to philosophical generalization of historical events. In the compositions of the majority of them play a significant role monuments. Perhaps the reason for the appeal of the artist to the historical and revolutionary themes, Omsk is a desire to restore the appearance of the city as it caught him in his youth, K. P. Belov writes constantly disappeared cathedrals, churches, chapels, houses Dormition Cathedral and the resurrection Cathedral, Proroko-Ilinskaya Church, St. Seraphim chapel, Alexis, Tara gates. He stated: "My paintings are personal protection of monuments".

Pacha and Omsk — the two main leitmotif of the artist. His latest work is a large canvas "the Village of my youth".

K. P. Belov are stored in many museums around the country, in Omsk they are in the collections of GUK Omsk region "Omsk regional Museum of fine arts. M. A. Vrubel" and TORMENTS the City Museum "Art of Omsk", but the main part of the heritage kept in the Museum GUK Omsk region "Omsk Museum kondrati Belova".

Museum of K. P. Belov opened March 29, 1991, after the death of a famous artist. But the house for his Museum Kondraty Petrovich had to choose from: the old mansion on the former Plotnikovskaya street (now St. of CH. Valikhanov), a monument of wooden architecture of the beginning XX century (1901)

Museum of K. P. Belov opened in 1991 as a branch of the OO GUK "Museum of fine arts. M. A. Vrubel", and a year later gained independence.

Total area — 282 sq m

exposure — 150 sqm

stock — 17 sq. m.

The total number of units: basic Fund — 610, including:

painting — 91,

graphics — 267,

archival materials — 252,

scientific-auxiliary Fund — 25.

The main part of the art Fund consists of works submitted by relatives of the artist according to his will.

The Museum has representatives of the dynasty Stationery.


Belov K. P. About my life [Text] / K. Belov. — Omsk : LEO, 2005. — 159 p.: ill., portr., Fax. — 105-th anniversary since the birth of the ordained.

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