Arkhipovich Bersenev

Russia • 1762−1789

A graduate of the Academy of arts since 1779 and Received medals: in 1782 – 1 silver; in 1785 – 2 gold for the engraving: "Mary Magdalene" and in the same year, released with a diploma of 1 degree and a sword. Was sent by the pensioner to Paris, where he died. Temporarily taught in the engraving class of the St. Petersburg Academy of arts (1785). Engraver on copper.


He studied at the engraving class at the Academy of fine arts, who in those years was in extremely poor condition, being led by the weak engraver and teacher Stepan Ivanov. The film stood out among the students and was noted. As appears in academic papers, "January 25 day 1785, on the petition of academician Stepan Ivanov from academic to fire... training W his class to turn to finding skillful in engraving art teacher, disciple of the fifth age Ivan Berseneva in the reasoning of its excellent art and good behavior." In the same year the film was sent to continue his art education in Paris. On his list of things includes 12 Russian books, 1 print behind glass, started copperplate, 14 worn shirts, 6 pairs of used stockings, 2 pairs of used shoes. The poverty of the academic retiree not very rare, but the number of books is unusually large. In November, the film informs the Academy that deals with "under the supervision of the Royal graviera Mr. Verbica". Sh-K. Warwick was a famous engraver, Keeper of the classical tradition rigorous, somewhat dry engraving cutter. It is to him that the Academy usually sent out his disciples. The film makes great strides, takes a few boards for the Orleans gallery, send boards and in Petersburg. On behalf of the Academy selects the originals to be copied into younger ages. Is that side of his life that were known to the Academy and now known to us. But it is possible that there was another. Perhaps the film was one of those artists of the eighteenth century that their lives, anticipated the lifestyle of the future romantic Bohemia (so was I. Ermen). In early 1789, the film dies in Paris from tuberculosis, which, as sarcastically says F. I. Jordan (the future rector of the Academy). contributed to "pluralise beauty". 10 Feb 1789 "academic Commissioner Mr. appointed" by M. I. Kozlovsky reported to St. Petersburg: "...in reasoning a long his illness left nothing to bury, and was forced all the expenses to pay your money..." Engraver N. And.Utkin told later from the words of Wervice that he wept bitterly at the bedside Berseneva, considering it one of his best students, hope engraving art.

Hand Berseneva we know only from engravings (over a dozen), figures he didn't. Engraving and drawing was at that time in different ways. Among Bersenevskaya works no engravings, to build the most important events of the time and backyard living as it was in the first half of the eighteenth century, and few of the portraits - that they differ from the works of the beginning of the next century. Now the engraving is committed to reproductions. Bersenev engrave from the originals by Titian ("the Devil tempts the Savior"), Domenichino ("SV.Jerome") van der verfa ("Mary Magdalene"). Worthy of attention is the engraving of sketch by A. Losenko "Andrew", which Berseneva managed to show their great knowledge of anatomy, subtly and tactfully to transfer lookofsky expression. Among the interesting portrait prints "Portrait of Countess Orlova" from the original by F. Rokotov reproduction of the one of the most famous of his portraits. Accurate, slightly dry manner Berseneva was not at odds with the subtlety of rokotovskie image, but the master drew solemn Majesty of the composition, which is continues the artist's conception. The engraver, however modest moves to the side, only showing the work of his brother. But the film develops the motif of the oval frame of the portrait, adds to her voluminous pedestal with inscribed on it verses - not just copies rokotovskie work, but portrays it, even stressing that we have before us the image of the already captured image. And added this from himself, but meaningful detail tells us that the film was not only a great master of engraving, but also a real artist.

Used materials article E. Degod in the book: 1989. A hundred anniversaries. Art calendar. Annual illustrated edition. M. 1988.

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