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Portrait of Princess Alexandra Ivanovna Kurakina

Painting, 1783

Description of the artwork «Portrait of Princess Alexandra Ivanovna Kurakina»

Fyodor Stepanovich Rokotov (1735-1808) - Russian artist, the largest Moscow portraitist, who worked during the period of the Russian Enlightenment. Fyodor Stepanovich Rokotov (1735-1808) - Russian artist, the largest Moscow portrait painter, who worked during the Russian Enlightenment.

He painted mainly ceremonial portraits of the Moscow nobility and of Catherine II herself. F.S. Rokotov was a serf, he was born in the thirties of the 18th century in the Vorontsovo estate of the princes Repnin near Moscow (now within the borders of Moscow). Even in his youth, he received his freedom, learned to be an artist and soon became one of the favorite masters of the Russian nobility. In 1765, FS Rokotov was awarded the title of academician "for his experience in painting portraiture" and a copy of Luca Giordano's painting "Venus and Cupid". Teaching at the Imperial Academy of Arts was not a profitable occupation, so at the end of 1766 the master left St. Petersburg and returned to Moscow. The painter was showered with orders from noble Moscow families, not spoiled by the attention of skilled artists. For his works, F.S. Rokotov took inexpensively - several times less than the visiting foreigners demanded. The artist paid the main attention to the similarity of the face and the correct transfer of character, and not to the decoration of the dress and accessories.

The number of portraits attributed to Fyodor Rokotov is amazing - despite the fact that he did not work very quickly. Probably many of his works were performed together with his students. Among the artist's creative heritage, a special place is occupied by the famous coronation portrait of Empress Catherine II, which the Empress loved very much.

Among the high examples of the portrait genre of the 18th century, the "Portrait of Princess A. I. Kurakina", written in 1783, presumably by Fyodor Stepanovich Rokotov, stands out. The face of the princess is shown in a three-quarter turn, against a conventional background and under artificial lighting, black color prevails in her home dress. Shortly before the creation of the portrait, Alexandra Ivanovna Kurakina (1711-1786) was widowed, having lost her beloved spouse, with whom she lived for many years. Through the transfer of the expression of the widow's eyes, the master showed the state of sadness, which the elderly aristocrat tries to hide from others.

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About the artwork

Art form: Painting

Subject and objects: Portrait

Style of art: Rococo

Technique: Oil

Materials: Canvas

Date of creation: 1783

Artwork in selections: 1 selection