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Emil Nolde
Emil
 Nolde
Germany 1867−1956
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Biography and information
 
Emil Nolde, real name Hans Emil Hansen (it. Emil Nolde, Hans Emil Hansen, 7 August 1867, Nolde, Prussia — April 13, 1956, Seebull, Germany) — German artist-expressionist, a member of the famous artistic Association «the Bridge».

Features of the artist Emil Nolde: mystical, fantastic, melancholic world Nolde exists in the ultimate, scary, tense — forms of the grotesque and the paint is very contrast and saturated through holes in the usual reality seeping phantasmagoric creatures with horns, paws and masquerade grimaces. Even watercolor landscapes Nolde eliminates the transparency and fills with a thick layers of disturbing colors: high threatening skies and thick, heavy waves of the sea.

Famous paintings of Emil Nolde: «The last supper», «Death in the desert», «Children Papuans», «The multi-colored sky over the marsh», «Crucifixion Of Christ»,"Women and Pierrot.«

Emil Nolde was born a peasant. From generation to generation his ancestors had lived on the family farm on the border of Germany and Denmark, started to work in early childhood, spoke the local language, went to the Protestant Church, was devout and of another life knew little. He aspires to become an intellectual and never academic education is not received, but the farm Emil left as soon as I could.

At the age of 17 he was sent to Schleswig, school of arts and crafts — learning to cut on the tree and a little paint, furniture, and even restoring Church altars. He goes from town to town, learning a little, but money for school is hardly enough, a little running, but quickly throws in search of new opportunities. The unexpected success falls on Nolde, then Emil Hansen, in Switzerland, where he devises and on borrowed money printing a series of postcards: drawings of the famous mountains, each as animated, smiling or angry giant, a toothless old woman or cunning beauty. Then there will be Munich, a year in Paris, the fascination Manetand impressionism and utter confusion of what to do next. The main organizing event for Nolde was meeting with members of the art Association «Bridge», however, he stayed here only for a year.

The son of a farmer from Emil Nolde saw so many countries, lands and peoples, how rare his contemporary could even list without faltering. In 1913 he went to New Guinea, then German colony, the expedition traveled across Russia, Japan, China, many Asian countries and Islands and brought back from travels more than 80 films. He took the pseudonym Nolde for two — for himself and his wife, actress Ada Vilstrup, which shared with him many years of poverty, disease and travel, and then recognition and fame. He lived a strange life, without stopping anywhere for long, periods of drug and alcohol frenzy replacing frenzy with spiritual seeking and religious revelations.

Nolde did not call himself an expressionist and laughed at this journalistic term. He always insisted: I’m just a German painter. This mystical, mythological, emotional connection with the land, history, and cultural energy field was for Nolde source of strength and self-determination. With the coming to power of the national socialists Nolde felt that nearing the dawn of his ideas and the main hopes. He was acquainted with Heinrich Himmler and did not try to adapt to the new power — he just believed that his work would finally be in demand, he says with the new rulers of Germany in the same language: the language of the greatness of the nation. Nolde was wrong. Its picturesque cycle «Life Of Christ«became one of the main exhibits «Degenerate art«about a thousand works were destroyed, removed from museums and confiscated. Nolde refers to its membership in the national socialist party, writes a letter to Himmler, believes that everything will change. But in 1941 he was expelled from the Academy of arts, the Imperial chamber of visual art and forbidden to work in any positions related to the visual arts.

Until the end of the war, Nolde writes watercolor landscapes and flowers and buries them in its own garden, the artist later called the series «Unwritten pictures». And after the war and the fall of the regime Emil Nolde will get all kinds of awards and medals on his own project, build a house with large workshop and room for pictures. Expressionist Nolde, a former farmer Hansen has lived unusually long for his generation’s life — he died at his home in Zebula at the age of 89 years.

Author: Anna Sidelnikova
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All women in the life of this German artist were as extraordinary as himself. A muse of Surrealist artists, Russian-born Gala, a French aristocrat and artist Marie-Berthe Aurenche, an English-born Mexican artist Leonora Carrington , a famous American art collector Peggy Guggenheim and a daughter of Swedish emigrés, artist Dorothea Tanning ...  Max Ernst attracted the strong, the courageous…

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From Albrecht Dürer , Eugène Delacroix ,  Claude Monet and  Auguste Renoir to  Otto Dix and Emil Nolde : almost a third of about one and a half thousand works of art, hoarded by reclusive Cornelius Gurlitt, a son of a Nazi art dealer, in his appartments in Munich and Salzburg for many decades, are going on show in the museums of Switzerland and Germany.

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Artworks by the artist
total 219 artworks
Emil Nolde. Paradise lost
8
Paradise lost
1921, 106×157 cm
Emil Nolde. Bright sea
6
Bright sea
1945, 22×26 cm
Emil Nolde. Winter
2
Winter
1907, 73×88 cm
Emil Nolde. Two on the beach
0
Two on the beach
1903, 73×88 cm
Emil Nolde. Reflection
2
Reflection
1927, 34×44 cm
Emil Nolde. Summer evening
2
Summer evening
1903, 72×87 cm
Emil Nolde. The woman in the garden
1
The woman in the garden
1907, 73×88 cm
Emil Nolde. The Crucifixion of Christ
4
The Crucifixion of Christ
1912, 220×193 cm
Emil Nolde. Children Papuans
2
Children Papuans
1914, 70×103 cm
View 219 artworks by the artist
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