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Ignatius
Lukich Vandyshev

Russia • 1891−1964

(29.01.1891 hamlet. Vandysheva Trinity County Orenburg province. – 2.03.1964, Chelyabinsk), hudojnikov, member. CX USSR (1936). B. in the family of Cossack. Painted since childhood. Orphaned early, was not able to academic. of arts. education. From 1915 to Nov. 1917 on the front of the 1st world war as a scribe of the 10th Cossack regiment, quartered in Romania, Moldova, Volyn lips. From the front, sent letters with figure, depicting the military. life, the appearance of co-workers (“Types of the 10th regiment”). In 1920, being conscripted into the army of Kolchak, and then after escaping, V. was in Omsk, where he attended the red army Studio, later the 1st Sib. of arts.-prom. school, being one of its organizers and students. Among educators V. Kazan the painter K. K. Chebotarev. Returning home in 1921, V. collaborated with the Trinity County gas. “Forward,” Ural. region “Peasant newspaper” (satiric. Fig.). In 1927 he enrolled in Unified arts. Higher technical school of arts.-tech. in-TA (Vhuteina), in 1929-30 he studied there for 2 year memorial.-office easel P. Surikov (class of painting). Tarabukina (theory and history of arts). Worked on the painting “the First tractor in the Ural village”. Without completing their studies (reorganization Vhuteina, the material difficulties in the family, remaining in the Urals), returned home and taught school in uyskiy cross. youth. Built there 1st, then the 2nd person. exhibition. In 1934 he moved to Chel., worked as an artist at the gas. “Chelyabinsk worker” until 1935. In 1936 he joined the People. the Union of owls. artists (see artists Union of Russia), worked in the coop. t-ve “Artist”. In 1941 he participated in the production of satiric. posters “Fighting pencil” in Person. From the middle. 1940s worked on the picturesque and graphic. compositions on the theme of the old Chelyaba and modern. socialist. Pers., on genre and landscape paintings of mountains. and sat down. life. Since 1921 V. participant more than 40 exhibitions of various ranks. V. created more than a thousand graphic, skulpt., paintings. Archives and production. the artist is stored in CACM in the collection of COCG, Nar. Museum of S. uysky. The work of V. combines the tradition of Nar. isqua and Moscow. school of painting, transfers wealth Nar. attitude. Possessing a picturesque and East. the value of the artist's works represent the arts. the culture of the South. Ural 1-St floor. The 20th century, its Nar. roots. Painting from the series “Old.”, types of People. In 1930-60-ies make up the picturesque annals of the city. In 1996, YUUKI was released the album “Chelyabinsk: the book of the city”, a rum used reproductions of works V.

G. S. Trifonova

Lit.: K l e V e n s K y, L., the Artist wise and truthful // HF. 1972. March 28; B a th n o V L. P. the Artists of Chelyabinsk. H, 1978; T R I f o n o V and G. the Original painter // HF. 1980. 17 Oct.; F o m n s x P. Y. Singer Chelyabinsk antiquity // Fomin P. J. friends and comrades: Zap. sculpture. H, 1989; Tr I f o n o V and G. There is a Cossack, who is good at drawing // HF. 1991. 7 Feb.

I. L. Vandyshev - one of the oldest painters of the southern Urals. He was born in the Cossack old believers ' family on a farm Vandysheva uyskiy villages of the Orenburg Cossack troops, was orphaned at the age of eleven and was placed in the care of his grandfather.

Artistic tendencies and a big passion for art was awakened in him very early. Opportunities to learn from professional teachers in the Ural wilderness was not also. Attempt in 1913 to go to art school, failed a year earlier in search of mentor in art, Ignatius wrote a letter to the academician of painting N. S. Samokisha saw his picture in magazine "Niva" surrounded by students of the Academy of fine arts, where he led the battle class. Tips academician was taken, all five letters Samokish now, as the whole documentary and fiction archive Vandysheva, located in the Chelyabinsk regional Museum.

In 1915, during the First world war, the future artist was taken to the front until November 1917, he served in the 10th Cossack regiment in the Russo-Austrian front on the border of Volhynia province of Moldova and Romania. In his free time sketching, doodling on postcards and lined the forms of telegrams-reports: landscapes of the area with sentries, portraits of colleagues "Types of the 10th regiment," ethnographic sketches "Types of Volyn province."

Returning at the end of 1917 from the front to the homeland Ignatius Vandyshev in 1918-1920 were mobilized Kolchak's troops. With the white army reached Mongolia, he fled and defected to the Reds. In August 1920 he attended the Omsk red army Studio and participated in the organization of the 1st Siberian art-industrial school, in the exhibition of her students. He passed by the apprentice. Among the teachers were well-known Kazan, then Moscow artist K. K. Chebotarev, a talented experimenter.

In the spring of 1921 Vandyshev returned home, where he was doted to wait for family. Lived on a farm Vandysheva. Since the mid-1920s and regularly sent satirical and propaganda drawings on topical agricultural theme in the district newspaper "Forward" in Troitsk and Urals regional "Peasant newspaper" in Sverdlovsk. Participated in exhibitions of self-taught artists. At the request of the peasants 'newspaper before Narkomprosa and personally people's Commissar A.V. Lunacharsky adopted at the United art workers' Higher art and technical Institute (VHUTEIN) in 1927, With the technical school was transferred to the 2nd course of monumental and easel office and worked in the Studio of Pavel Surikov. Among educators, theorists - N. Tarabukin. Vandyshev participated in the trip to Kiev, in the exhibitions of the Association of artists of revolutionary Russia (AHRR), a number of works sold abroad. Worked on the painting "the First tractor in the Ural village". Because of the reorganization of VHUTEINA and increasing financial difficulties the artist had in 1930 to leave Moscow and return to the farm. Here he worked on the farm, in 1930-1933 moved to Sochi and taught drawing in the school youth collective, staged their own exhibition, published samantaray, handwritten journal, wrote posters, paintings and decorations for agitteatr.

Desire to work in a professional environment prompted Ignatius lukić to move in 1934 to Chelyabinsk. First worked as an artist in the newspaper "Chelyabinsk worker". Education in the Chelyabinsk branch of the Union of Soviet artists in 1936, he joined the Union and cooperative partnership "Artist". During the great Patriotic war participated in the production of posters "Fighting pencil" in Chelyabinsk. In 1942, he went to Magnitogorsk to gather material for paintings "the start-up of metal on the Magnitogorsk blast furnace". Left sketches of the composition, picturesque sketches, but the picture was not written, because the aspirations of the artist led him to the other world: the life of nature, farm labor he was concerned with much deeper.

The second half of the 1940s - a time of artistic maturity of the painter Vandysheva. The element of color applied to the canvas with a pulsating stroke embodies the life of the old pre-revolutionary Chelyaba with its panorama of the banks of the Miass river in Chelyabinsk, fairs, winter and spring, festivities and parts of the old city. However, the artist continues to work on paintings in which he embodies a new topic - "the First tractor in the Ural village", makes genre sketches, writes the sketches and paintings about farm life.

The end of the 1940s and 1950s - the most concentrated period of creativity

I. L. Vandysheva. Beautiful natural feeling, reinforced by the Moscow school of painting (though relatively short, was with her contact), the love of national life in all its joys and suffering embodied in two cycles of paintings of the old and new Chelyabinsk, which were parallel.

During his life he created over a thousand paintings, graphics and sculptural works. He participated in over thirty exhibitions during his lifetime, had the biggest press in comparison with his contemporaries - Chelyabinsk artists.

Most of the works of I. L. Vandysheva collected in the regional Museum there are stored artist's diary - a document of great interest to all who study the art and culture of the southern Urals.

In the artist's life took place in Chelyabinsk, a group exhibition of the artists: I. L. Vandysheva, D. F. Fechner and P. G. Yudakov in 1958-1959 Next show is the oldest artists was organized in Chelyabinsk opened in the exhibition hall of the Union of artists in 1980, It was a discovery by new generations of the old masters of the city, among which pride of place belongs Vandysheva. In 1991, in Chelyabinsk art gallery organized an exhibition to the 100 anniversary from the birthday of the artist from collections of his works in Chelyabinsk local history Museum and the Chelyabinsk picture gallery. Issued a catalog, built on the principle of the monograph. In the collection Center of historical and cultural heritage of Chelyabinsk "Chelyabinsk the unknown-3" in 2002 published the diaries of the artist. No publication, devoted to Chelyabinsk, is complete without mention of and reproduction of his works. The artist himself explains to us and to yourself the reasons of such attention: "For what I rendered to my credit? Probably still there in me some spark of the picturesque life" (8 June 1945). "Everything is drawn from nature, in the future will be a good memory of the past, last forever and never returning [...]. Looking at the picture, I will say that it's because it was something...".

(the author - G. S. Trifonova)

Literature:

DIARY I. L. Vandysheva / publ. Subbotina O. V. and E. L. Stepanova // Chelyabinsk the unknown: a local historian. sat - Chelyabinsk, 2002. - Vol. 3. - P. 566 - 668.

S. 566 - 576: the Familiar and the unfamiliar I. L. Vandyshev (curriculum vitae); p. 577 - 668: Diary (1936-1964).

VANDYSHEV, Y. L. Painting. Figure. Watercolor: CA. the 100th anniversary of the birth: the directory. - Chelyabinsk, 1991. - 67 p.: Il.

The CHELYABINSK regional art exhibition dedicated to the 40th anniversary of the great October socialist revolution: catalogue / comp. L. P. Klevensky. - Chelyabinsk:Chelyabinsk. work, 1957. - 40 p.: Il.

P. 30: the Reproduction of graphic works, "transit prison".

The OLDEST artists of the southern Urals: cat. CA. - Chelyabinsk, 1980. - 61 S.: ill.

C. 3 - 10: Reproductions of works of I. L. Vandysheva, there are brief biographies.

...And REMEMBER the world is saved: drawing, painting period Led. Otech. war 1941-1945: From the works. Chelyab. region pictures. gallery: catalogue / comp. and ed. introd. article N. M. Shabalin. - Chelyabinsk, 1995. - 43 S.: ill.With. 29, 52: the painting "Festive fireworks" (1945) and graphic works "Chelyabinsk during the great Patriotic war" (1945).

Art. 20th century. Chelyabinsk / comp. and ed. introd. article by L. A. Sabelfeld. - Chelyabinsk, 1996. - 142 p.: Il.

P. 9 - 10: Reproductions of paintings "the Revolution Square" (1953) and "Street Revenge" (1944).CHELYABINSK organisation of the Union of artists of Russia / ed. for vol. M. A. Commissioners; introd. St. L. P. Buy-in. - Chelyabinsk, 1996. - 112 p.

C. 10: Reproductions of works of I. L. Vandysheva.

TRIFONOVA, S., Vandyshev Ignaty Lukic // the Chelyabinsk region: encyclopedia. - Chelyabinsk, 2003. - Vol. 1. - S. 564.

TRIFONOVA, S., Vandyshev Ignaty Lukic // Chelyabinsk: encyclopedia. - Chelyabinsk, 2001. - P. 135 - 136.

CHELYABINSK organisation of the Union of artists of Russia, 1936-1991 / AVT.-comp. O. A. Kudzaev. - Chelyabinsk: Kniga, 1996. - 342 p.

P. 285 - 286: Vandyshev Ignaty Lukic.

BUY L. P. the Artists of Chelyabinsk. - Chelyabinsk: South.-Ural. kN. publishing house, 1979. - 167 p

C. 22, 26 - 28, 36, 38, 44 - 45, 59 - 61, 69, 74, 84, 157, 159: About the artist.

FOMINYKH, P. Eternal tree art // Rifey: Ural. local historian. sat - Chelyabinsk, 1987. - P. 132 - 145.

About the work of the I. L. Vandysheva.

KLEVENSKY, L. the Artist is a clever and truthful // Evening. Chelyabinsk. - 1972. - March 28.

TRIFONOVA, Original painter // Evening. Chelyabinsk. - 1980. - 17 Oct.

GOD, V. hand-Drawn postcards Ignatius Vandysheva: (1891-1964) // Chelyab. worker. - 1985. - 26 Jan.

About the works the artist created in the years of the First world war.

TRIFONOVA G. S. Is a Cossack who is good at drawing // Evening. Chelyabinsk. - 1991. - 7 Feb.

FEDOTOVA, L. From the plow - to the art // spike ( Sochi). - 2002. - Feb 23.

About the exhibition of works of I. L. Vandysheva in Uyskoe the district Museum.

VANDYSHEV Ignaty Lukic // the Edge of our South Ural, 1991: a bibliography. decree. - Chelyabinsk, 1990. - P. 33 - 36.

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