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Yakovlevich Weber


Biography and information


Student of the Academy of Arts from 1901 till 1909; 30 October 1909 - the title of the artist for the painting "Twilight on the Volga". (Kondakov)

(1870, Saratov province — after 1941), Russian painter, honored artist of the German Republic.

Yakov Yakovlevich Veber was born in 1870 in the village of Bare Karamysh Sosnovskaya parish kamyshenskogo uyezd, Saratov province into a large and very wealthy family. Settlement — a German colony founded in 1765-66 and numbering by the end of the XIX century more than seven thousand people, leading a very mundane life.

His first picture the young artist painted at the age of 16, however, his father saw him "more reliable": a joiner or fitter. However, Jacob Weber showed tenacity and perseverance in wanting to be an artist, after 9 years as an adult and family man, he in spite of resistance family and the village Assembly, not issuing him a certificate (similar to a passport) and left for Saratov to study art.

Art Museum named after A. N. Radishchev is the first place of work of Weber, where he entered a copyist. However, routine chore soon ceased to satisfy, and thanks to the advice and participation of V. V. Konovalov and V. E. Borisov-Musatov Weber went to Moscow, where some time working with K. A. Korovin.

Konstantin Korovin sees that Weber is capable of great and encourages him to Paris — the "Mecca of artists". But France did not work out, mainly for financial reasons, and the Weber is defined in the Penza art school under K. A. Savitsky. From the walls of the school, Jacob goes Mature master, which is evident in his work "Blizzard. The horse under the canopy".

1903 — Yakov Yakovlevich entered the Academy of fine arts in the classes of A. A. Kiselev and learns to 1909 (study of the master last long — had to concentrate on the execution of orders so that the family could reasonably exist). Looking at his sketches of the Volga, by I. E. Repin invited Weber to go into his shop. During the period of study, he annually participated in the exhibitions of his paintings were sent to Holland, Sweden, Italy, noted awards. Seeing the title of the artist after the Academy received for the painting "Twilight on the Volga".

1915 — Jacob Webber has returned to the "homeland". He settled in the village Sherbakova (mühlberg) and not returned to the capital even when the President of the Academy of arts of I. I. Brodsky encouraged him to take the leadership of the Department of landscape.

At home, Weber was in agreement with oneself: I teach rural youth to read and write and draw and led the national art Studio, taught at the Engels house of folk art (informally), took an active part in the life of a children's colony ("friend of the young Communists") and wrote the Volga as it was meant to write it in the second half of the nineteenth century, as the "main street of Russia".

In the summer of Shcherbakovka turned into a "village of artists" — on sketches gathered Saratov painters, but their influence did not impact on the work of Weber.

In the winter of 1921, Weber was as a Communist Pyatakov captured by a gang, which operated in the Volga and only thanks to the intercession of the disciples and the villagers escaped death. Then wrote a gloomy picture "Under the ice".

Shortly before his death in one of his letters he confessed: "I'm the person of communism, but freedom of the artist to me is too expensive — don't like the orders, if they hamper the freedom of the artist... to Sell their work I could never. Even can on the work performed, I could not be given, otherwise it was every "trade", and now the psychotic left."

Was arrested in 1937. According to some, died in 1958.

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