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Petr
Petrovich Vereshchagin

Russia 
1836−1886
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(02(14).01.1834, Perm– 16(28).01.1886, Saint-Petersburg), painter, landscape-perspectivist. Studied painting from his father, grandfather I. V. Babin and A. U. Orlova, later at the Academy of fine arts (1858-1865, Saint - Petersburg). During his studies was awarded small and big silver medals. For the painting "Appearance of Nizhny Novgorod" (1865) the title of class artist of the 3rd degree, for the "View Dinaburg" and "the Market in Nizhny Novgorod" (1867) – 2-th degree, for the "View from the vicinity of the Lucina" (1868) – 1-th degree, for "view of the Kremlin" and "Tolkuchy market in Moscow" (1871) – academician. In 1866-1870 he taught drawing in the district schools of the Vitebsk province. From 1871 he lived in St. Petersburg. From 1860 he participated in exhibitions of arts (of Academy of fine arts), Moscow society of art lovers (molh), of the society for the encouragement of arts (OPKh) in the world – in Philadelphia (1876), Paris (1878). He painted mostly city views. Travelled a lot. Author of numerous landscapes of the Urals, along the chusovaia river to build the Mining well. D. – "On the river Chusovaya", "Stantsiya Arkhipovka", "Stone Multik", "Rock Wit", "Stone Red" (PGGG). Also wrote landscapes of the Crimea, the Caucasus. During the Russo-Turkish war was with the Russian troops in the Balkans – "the bombardment of the city, Rasuk 14 Jun 1877" (VEMAIL), "Pontoon bridges on the Danube" (VEMAIL). The works of P. P. Vereshchagin are in many museums of Russia.

(Source: encyclopedia of "Perm Krai", Egorova E. I.)

The eldest of the brothers - Peter enrolled in the Academy of arts in 1858, somewhat later his brothers. Chosen specialty of landscape painting, he studied in the class of landscape in Socrates Maksimovic Vorobyov, the famous landscape painter, lived for many years in Italy. The "Italian" tradition of landscape painting in St. Petersburg Academy of arts had a solid Foundation associated with names of the great landscape painters of the early nineteenth century -.F.Shchedrin, Off.F.Shchedrin, F. Y. Alexeev, F. M. Matveyev, M. N. Vorobiev. Their paintings, in varying degrees, is inherent in the attention to nature, a thorough study of color and light nuances, love easy and cute background, a sort of idyll often transferred to adored by all the masters of Russian landscape of the Italian land. The lessons the teachers had a strong influence on the young Peter Vereshchagin.

In 1861 the etude "On the Volga", the young artist received a silver medal, and in 1862 - a large silver medal for the painting "In Baku." On the academic exhibition in 1863 exhibited his landscapes ". Spasskaya tower" and "Tolkuchy market in Moscow," and in 1864 - twelve types of remarkable places, buildings, and neighborhoods of the city of revel', written in the summer months of that year. In 1865, p. P. Vereshchagin graduated from the Academy of arts with the title of class artist of the third degree for the painting "View in Nizhny Novgorod".

1866 by p. P. Vereshchagin he taught drawing, sketching and calligraphy in the city of Lutzin Vilnius province. In 1867, for the painting "View of Dinaburg", "the Market in Nizhny Novgorod" and "view of the city from the surrounding Lucina" he was awarded the title of class artist of the second degree, and in 1868, for the painting "Tolkuchy market in Moscow" and "Kremlin" - the title of class artist of the first degree. In 1867, the artist joined the Society of lovers of the arts. In the early 1870-ies Vereshchagin wrote some of the buildings of St. Petersburg and created a series of landscapes of the Crimea. In 1873 the Academy of arts awarded him the title of academician of landscape painting for the painting "General view of Sevastopol", referring to the Crimean cycle, as well as for landscapes "Mezhigorskaya factory near Kiev", "Kiev", "Nizhniy Novgorod", "the Market in Nizhny Novgorod", "Ukraine" and "view of the Kremlin in Moscow."

In 1870, the painter left teaching and devoted himself entirely to creativity.

During the Russo-Turkish war of 1877-1878 he was with the Russian troops in the Balkans and captured they traversed city and countryside, wrote of the city Sistovo, as well as a series of landscapes of the Danube.

Active creative period p. P. Vereshchagin was about three decades of intense and fruitful labor, and picturesque the level of his works always remained very high. Being flesh of the flesh of the Academy of arts, he was able to find my own style in one of the most traditional academic genres. Of course, in a picturesque and techniques used light and colour effects he unquestioningly followed his great predecessors. But only Vereshchagin managed to radically change the dismissive attitude to the actual Russian landscape. His peculiar and well-recognizable "portraits" of towns and regions, full close to the Russian heart of household items, rightly won wide popularity. (Victoria Lapteva; "Antiques, art and collectibles"

No. 5 (7), 2003)

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