Zakharovich Gaidukevich

Russia • 1898−1938

B. 1890, Akkerman, Bessarabia, Russian, b/n, artist, work under the contracts. Rasstreljan 10.06.1938. Place of burial: Butovo.

The future artist was born in Bessarabia, he was only seven years old when a family with nine children moved to live in Siberia. The father, the peasant-labourer who had first taught children to read and write itself; in the 12-13 years they were sent from the village to work. So it was with Michael. He became assistant parish clerk, and was soon transferred to Semipalatinsk, where in 1914 — 1916 years participated in the secret revolutionary group. Someone is leaking underground, and, according to friends and fled to the Altai. In 1918 he joined the squad Schorsa, fought against Kolchak, and later escaped from his prison in Mongolia. In 1919 he returned to Semipalatinsk, then for the first time participated in an art exhibition.

Encouraged by the success, Gajdukevich went to study in Moscow, but only in the autumn of 1923 he became a student of the VKhUTEMAS class of Pavel Kuznetsov, where he studied drawing and painting. He also took lessons from Alexandra Exter, materials technology he was taught by Mikhail Kurzin. In the spring of 1923 Gaidukevich, Kurzin and E. Korovay made a foot journey to the Crimea — drawing, exhibiting and speaking before audiences in nursing homes, parks and clubs. In may of 1924, Gajdukevich traveled to Turkmenistan, and a year in Uzbekistan, he visited then in Bukhara, Urgench and Kokand. Impressions from the "new" East is reflected in numerous full-scale landscapes. And, according to 1926 he lived in Rostov-on-don, worked extensively in watercolor, charcoal, pastels, and sanguine and simultaneously tried his hand at lithography.

Since 1927 the artist worked on the construction Turksib as an officer of the technical Department and teacher of the school construction foremen. The base of this Grand building was located in Frunze, but in 1928 the artist, his family moved to Alma-ATA, where he was offered to teach drawing and aesthetics at the local University. In 1931 the family moved to the capital. A year later, Soloviev took the post of artist in the Moscow Museum of Ethnology, joined the creative Union; many cityscapes 1932 — 1936 years executed in watercolor and ink. In 1938 was denounced, arrested and soon shot.

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