Johann Heinrich Wilhelm

Germany • 1751−1829

Biography and information

German painter and graphic artist. Studied with his uncle, I. G. Tishbeyna Older in Kassel. As a pensioner, he worked in Paris, then in Italy (1773). In 1773-1782 and 1783-1798 lived in Italy. From 1789 the President of the Academy of fine arts in Naples. Portraits, paintings on historical, mythological and literary themes. Worked in watercolors, illustrated books. Wrote articles on art issues. The author of the biographical pieces From my life. His talent was admired by Goethe, who wrote a biographical sketch about the artist.

German painter and engraver, known for his friendship with Goethe "Goethe-Fishbein", a cousin of Johann August Friedrich Tishbeyna. Pupil of his uncle Johann-Jacob Tishbeyna (1724-1791) and Johann-Heinrich Tishbeyna Older.

The first two thirds of his life were spent moving from place to place. At first he worked in Hamburg and Bremen, then went to Holland, spent several years in Kassel. Visited Hanover, Berlin, Gotha, Weimar and Leipzig, and returned to Kassel in 1779 he went from thence to Italy a pensioner of the Landgrave of Hesse, and came to this country two years.

In 1781-82, he worked in Zurich, then with the assistance of Goethe had the opportunity to go again to Italy. From Rome he went with Goethe to Naples, settled in this city and from 1789 to 1799 was the Director of the local Academy of arts.

The outbreak of popular revolt and the occupation of Naples by the French forced him to return to Germany; he traveled to different cities, lived and worked in Kassel (1799-1800) and Hamburg (1801-08), until finally in 1808, was not settled in Athene as court painter to the Duke of Oldenburg.

Fishbein worked first landscape painting and then portrait and historical; in addition, a lot was engraving strong vodka and dry needle. He long enjoyed with loud acclaim as a highly skilled and educated artist, a great colorist, to walk in newness of German painting in the spirit of nationality and however classical.

The fame was mainly due to its proximity with the then representatives of German literature and science, and partly the works of his own pen.

Of his paintings deserve attention in particular: "Portrait of a warrior with a boy - son," "Conradin of Swabia, sentenced to death, playing chess with Ferdinand of the Austrian and in the Alban hills" (all three in Gothic music.), "The entry of the gene. Benningsen in Hamburg in 1814" (the Hamburg Gal.), portrait of Goethe (Frankfurt Gal.) and a portrait of the artist (in Hannoversch. Mus.).

Prints, Terban there are 147; 81 of them published in book form under the title "Homer nach Antiken gezeichnet", with text by Heine and Saddlery (Göttingen. and Stuttgart, 1821-23); moreover, they published engravings in Naples (1791 and 1796), a private biography (Bremen, 1822) and a few aesthetic and belletristic works.

Originally a classicist, on the 18th and 19th centuries William Fishbein closer to the romantics, taking them from the idea of national revival of Germany. Wrote historical paintings ("Conradin of Swabia before execution", 1784, the castle Museum, Gotha), portraits, idyllic landscapes.