Painter, corresponding member Q. AH the USSR, Nar. hood. Of the Soviet Union. Graduated from Moscow. The vkhutein (1930), a disciple of P. Kuznetsov, V. Favorsky, N. Chernysheva. Lived and worked in Moscow. Participated in exhibitions since 1928. A member of AHRR (1929-31), RAPH (1931-32). Genre paintings from the life of the collective farms "enter the kolkhoz to work" (1933), "lunch mothers" (1935), "Head of the political Department of the MTS inspects the field" (1937-38), "SEL" (1946), AMD. the paintings "the Germans left" (1942), "After the expulsion of the Nazi occupiers" (1943-46), etc. The Winner Of The St. St. (1947).
(1906, the village of Old Savoring Smolensk provinces. — 1993, Moscow)
Studied at the VKhUTEMAS in Moscow (1924-1930) under P. V. Kuznetsov, V. Favorsky, N. M. Chernysheva. Enlisting in 1928 in AHRR, Gaponenko has distinguished himself as a faithful and talented adherent of realistic traditions of Russian art, and since the beginning of the 1930s- as a staunch supporter of socialist realism. The main source of inspiration — the life of the Soviet village. The best pictures on this theme he created in the 1930s: "ON the farm the BORDER" (1930), "the DELIVERY of BREAD" (1932), "the OUTPUT of collective FARMERS FOR WORK" (1933, TG), "LUNCH MOTHERS" (1935, TG). The latest in this line of work awarded a gold medal at the world exhibition in Paris 1937. Works Gaponenko distinguished by their lyricism mental mood. They harmoniously combine the themes of agricultural labor and of motherhood.
Gaponenko was a master of not only the easel, but also created a monumental work. Interest in monumental art was reflected in his theoretical studies (in 1931 he published the book "Monumental painting in the past and present"), and in practice. The artist created the painting for the club "Proletarian" in Moscow (1930), the panel "masters of high yields" for the main pavilion VSHV (1939) and the panel "the Noble people of the Country of Soviets" for the Soviet pavilion at the world exhibition in new York (1939). Numerous paintings about the great Patriotic war ("ARE PRISONERS", 1942-1943; "AFTER the EXPULSION of the FASCIST OCCUPIERS", 1943-1946, TG, etc.) was not so wide as the earlier work, public recognition, as well, and works on the collective stories of the post-war years ("the AGITATOR IN the FIELD", 1949; "HAY", 1954; PTITSESOVKHOZ, 1965).
Greater the interest, with undoubted artistic merit, but little known, even among historians of Soviet art, the wizard in the field of "small genres" that he made for himself in the 1930s Is a finely painted still - lifes "of CHICKENS AND a BASKET" (1933), "BAGELS" (1939), landscape - "SUMMER LANDSCAPE WITH RIVER" (1933), "SCISSORS" (the late 1930s). The post-war painting - "still life WITH QUINCE" (1958), "CORNFLOWERS IN BLUE AND WHITE VASES" (1962), "the PHLOX AND NASTURTIUMS" (1975), Italian landscapes, 1963, "ROME. Avenue of the PINES", "LIVED HERE, TINTORETTO," etc.
Awarded the title of laureate of the State prize of the USSR, corresponding member of the USSR Academy of arts, people's artist of the RSFSR.
Paramonov A.V., T. G. Gaponenko. M.,1961.
Kaplenko, T. G. the Album directory. M., 1996.