Born in Palekh. A member of the artists Union of the RSFSR since 1961. Honored artist of the RSFSR (1967), people's artist of the RSFSR (1974). Hereditary painter, son of I. Golikov. He graduated from the school Mayakovskogo plant. In 1941 he was in the militia. Then he worked on the farm. From 1942 on fronts of the great Patriotic war. Fought at Bryansk and Karelian fronts, was wounded twice. After the war he continued service in the army. In 1950 he returned to Palekh. In the years 1950-1954 he studied at the Palekh art school. Teacher - N.M.Parilov, N. M.Zinov'ev and I. P. Vakurov. In 1954-1989, he worked at the Palekh art-production workshops. Since 1976 he taught at the Palekh art school. Awarded the order of red banner of Labor (1984). Fellow of the Association of hudognikov of Russia (2000).
Worked monumental (design of concert hall at the hotel "Russia" and the Room of fairy tales in Children's musical theatre (1979-1982), Moscow), theatrical-decorative painting, painted porcelain. Along with T. I. Zubkova has written sketches for the cartoon "Dobrynya Nikitich" (1965). Themes of works: folklore, history, literature, battles, Great Patriotic war, genre scenes. Participant of exhibitions since 1955.
Work N.And.Golikova are stored in museums: gmpi, GRM, MNI, OC Vyatka, Ivanovo OXM, OXM Irkutsk, Krasnodar AHEM, Tver regional art gallery, GMAN, Pereyaslavl-Zalessky Museum of history and art, the Russian Museum of A. S. Pushkin "Moika 12", the State Museum of arts of Kazakhstan.