Biography and informationEdit
Born in Orenburg on 12 (24) June 1819 in the family of serfs. When his family settled in Kovrov district, Vladimir province, the boy moved to Moscow, enrolling in training to the painter. Later (1842-1847) was engaged in the newly founded School of painting and sculpture (later Moscow school of painting, sculpture and architecture). In 1843 his master, count V. N. Teeth, gave him his freedom. For a long time earned a living as a teacher of drawing in the Cadet corps.
Having experienced a great influence of P. A. Fedotov, imitated him in his early watercolors (Fees to the theater, 1850; Tolkuchy market, 1850-ies; both works are in the Tretyakov gallery). Track masters won considerable popularity among artists and journalists, and in 1850-ies his friend, the novelist A. M. Golitsyn, even wrote a series of stories for plot outline drawings Shmelkov (the book of Laughter and tears, published in 1859 with his lithographs). Collaborated in the magazines "Entertainment" and "Audience" (1861-1878), illustrated Golitsyn's book, Sketches of factory life (1861). Was not only a cartoonist. Free touch, dynamic black and white effects, coupled with a sharp dramatic flair make a Shmelkov sheets in the modest masterpieces of genre, humorous and good-natured (the Merchant at the photographer, watercolor, pencil, 1860-ies.; Secret from his wife (At the locker), watercolour, 1870-ies), then the more dark and harsh (At the maternity shelter, Italian pencil, Sepia, 1860-ies; the Poor (in the restaurant), Italian pencil, watercolor, 1860-ies; the fire in the Night, watercolor, 1870; ibid.).
Shmelkov died in Moscow 9 (21) October 1890. In 1890-1891 published (two editions) phototype album of his Drawings and sketches, and I will establish his posthumous reputation.