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Maria
Nikolaevna Elgashtina

Russia 
1873−1966
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Biography and information

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1873, Barnaul, - 1966, Ufa) Nar. hood. BASSR (1955), honored. worker of arts of BASSR (1944), member of the USSR Union of artists since 1937. He studied at the Higher hood.-prom. Uch-school of count Stroganov in Moscow (1892-94). On the formation of t-VA has had an impact Plyos (1903-05), where he studied E. prod. Isaac Levitan came to the math. Rus. hood. M. P. Klodt and A. M. by Corenum. From 1906 lived and worked in Ufa. In 1913 the joint. with hood. A. E. by Tolkinen and A. P. Linesim participated in the organization of the first creative. unions bash. artists - Upim. of the society of art lovers.

In 1919-29 was involved in the organization of the Art Museum (HM) to them.M.In.Nesterov and the acquisition of the Museum's libraries. In 1932 E. founded the first REP. puppet theater, where they were thin. hands., set designer, dir., actress until 1955. With the 40s turned to the technique oil. painting. GL. the theme of the work - the nature of Bashkortostan. For proizv. E. peculiar poetry, a soft harmony of contiguous hues, the elegance of color, a fine study of form. DOS. work: "SIM River" (1930-31, b., AKV.), "The evening hour" (1924, b., AKV.), "Spring twilight" (1925-26, b., AKV.), "In the vicinity of Ufa" (1944, H. M.), "Ufa leaving" (1951-52, H., M.) - all in UM they. M. V. Nesterov; hood. design plays in the t-re of dolls: "the tale of the dead Princess and the seven knights", "the Nutcracker", "the frog Princess".

E. - participant of exhibitions of the Association of HUD. roar. Russia (1926-36); resp. (1937-55), vseros. (1940), Zaruba. (1928, USA, 1975, GDR) exhibitions. In 1955 and 1973 took place in Ufa people. exhibition. Awarded hordes. "Badge Of Honor" (1955).

(article by E. P. Peninou)

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