Prokofievich Efanov

Russia • 1900−1978

Painter, Nar. hood. Of the USSR (1965), full member AH the USSR (1947). Member of the CPSU since 1954. He studied in the Studio of D. Kardovsky in Moscow (1921-26). In 1948-57 was taught in ISKCON. hood. the Institute, in 1960-78 - MGPI, 1949 Professor. Paintings, similar to the group portrait (the"Unforgettable meeting", 1936-37; "Stalin, Molotov and Voroshilov at the bed sick Maxim Gorky,", 1940-44; "progressive people of Moscow in the Kremlin", 1949, et al.; "The meeting of the Presidium of the USSR, 1951, et al.), portraits ("Ordzhonikidze", 1937; "the Artist Vladimir Baksheyev", 1953; "Grandfather and granddaughter", 1957; "Sverdlov", 1969), etc. The Winner Of The St. Ave.(1941, 1946, 1948, 1950, 1952).

Was born in Samara, 10 (23) November 1900 in a family of tradesmen, a recent peasant. He studied at the local art-industrial College (1917-1921). After unsuccessful attempts to enroll at the Petrograd Free art workshops (the former Academy of arts) and Moscow Higher artistic and technical workshops (VKhUTEMAS) is still moved in 1922 to Moscow, where he worked in the studios of A. Arkhipov (1919-1921) and DN.Kardovsky (1921-1926). He was a member of AHRR.

In 1934-1938 worked in a panoramic brigade workshop "Perekop" under the leadership of G. K. Savitsky. Moved exactly as the author of "panoramas" which however, is not the past battle and a real happy present – with the Supreme chiefs, the military, party elite, leaders of culture and science, presented in voodushevlenno the Association. In "Perekop" was written by famous his canvas a Memorable meeting (Meeting of I. V. Stalin and members of the government with the wives of the leaders of the people's Commissariat of heavy industry) (1936-1937, the Tretyakov gallery; the Stalin prize of 1941) and meet the artists of the theater named after K. S. Stanislavsky with students at the air force Academy named after N. E.Zhukovsky, 1938, Russian Museum). In 1939 headed the team of artists who have created the most ambitious of socialist realist paintings, grandiose (9 to 16 m) group portrait of the Noble people of the Country of the Soviets for the Soviet pavilion at the International exhibition in new York (now the Russian Museum). Later, as the brigade method was written: the leading men of the Kremlin in Moscow (Tretyakov gallery; the Stalin prize of 1950) and the meeting of the Presidium of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1951, the Presidium of the Academy of Sciences, Moscow; Stalin prize 1952).

Solar "academic impressionism" – typical for manners Efanova and official painting of those years in General – is dramatically muted in the painting I. V. Stalin, K. E. Voroshilov and Molotov at the bedside of A. M. Gorky (1940-1944, Tretyakov gallery; Stalin prize, 1946). He wrote a number of single formal portraits (V. M. Molotov on the background of the Kremlin wall, 1947; Stalin prize, 1948).

Worked as a teacher: at the Art Institute named after V. I. Surikov (1948-1957) and the Pedagogical Institute named after V. I. Lenin (1959). For his work "thaw-stagnant" period, the most typical salon portraits (Grandfather (the artist M. I. Kurilko) with her granddaughter, 1957, ibid; G. P. Vishnevskaya, 1963, private collection, Moscow). Died Efanov in Moscow.

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