Ivanovich Zabashta

Russia • born in 1918

Biography and information

( 18 July 1918 ) in Addition to the aforementioned masterpieces of Basil Zabashta owned the pictures: "S. Gulak-Artemovsky and M. Glinka"(1951), "Tchaikovsky.. Lysenko" (1949), "Lesya Ukrainka and N. Lysenko" (1969), "away" (1975), "Revenge" (1971), "Ivan Franko on the stage" (1952), "P. Sahaidachny and halszka Gulevichivna" (1990-2000), "T. Shevchenko and members of the Kyrylo-Methodius brotherhood" (between 1989 and 2000), portraits of N. Charlemagne (1969), Carol (1976), Tkachenko (1977), S. Taranushenko (1989), T. Shevchenko (1986) and many others. Vasily Ivanovich - the author of a series of landscapes with views of the Crimea, Sednev, around Kiev.

Born July 18, 1918 in Babenkove village of Izum district, Kharkiv region of Ukraine. Father - Zabashta Ivan. Mother Zabashta Anna Ivanovna. Spouse Zabashta, Lyudmila Ivanovna (1937 g. rozhd.). Children: Zabashta Galina (1956. born.) Rostyslav Zabashta V. (1959 g. rozhd.).

Rod Sebast - large, noble. Malhotra is Sebasti. Basil was the youngest of eleven children. His father came from a famous milky kind, which recalls the writer and ethnographer Grigory Danilevsky in his work "Life and customs of Ukrainian chumaks" (1857).

As a child, Vasily began to perceive the brightness of the color. Drawing with charcoal and chalk on the walls of the hut, tree trunks, fences. He was very fond of reading, tinkering, but the act of drawing took precedence over everything. Basil goes to the art room and in twelve years for the first time wrote oil paints portrait of his uncle. His first teachers were the artists Vladimir Yakovenko and Viktor Savin, who, in recognition of the Vasily Ivanovich, as stars-lightning lighting his way to the heights of art.

In 1938, the V. I. Zabashta arrives in Kharkiv art College, which became the first temple of the arts. His teachers were K. Gripich, A. Golovachov (student V. Serov), V. Kasiyan. Even as a freshman, Basil is the winner of the competition of creative student works. In the picture-sketch, "an attack on a village correspondent" the warmth of candle light struggled with the cold moonlight; spark claimed the life, the moon is death.

In the beginning of the second year College in 1939, V. I. Zabashta was drafted into the Red Army as a radio operator focused on the war with Finland. The first fight proved fatal for him. After receiving a severe wound, Basil spent many months in hospitals.

Returned home in may 1941. But the Great Patriotic war and V. I. Zabashta volunteered for the front. He fought in the South-West (1941-1942), Bryansk (1943) and I Ukrainian (1944) fronts. After being wounded in 1942, Vasily spent long time in hospital in the Urals. However, in February 1943, he again returned to the army. Fought the commander of the armored personnel carrier of the 7th separate guards motorcycle battalion, consisting of 10 guards tank Ural (later Ural-Lvov) Volunteer corps of 4 Panzer Army. Passed the Orel-Kursk bulge and all the hell of war to Berlin and Prague.

Here are just some of the episodes of his military history. July 21, 1944 guard Sergeant major Basil Zabashta the group conducted reconnaissance of the enemy in the Clay. Under heavy rifle and machine-gun fire, he was one of the first made his way to the German gun emplacement and a few grenades destroyed it. In the bunker he took the portfolio staff officer with important documents.

August 30, 1944, Vasyl Zabashta, acting in the head on patrol in the area of the village of Sabikenov, night made his way to the front line of the German defense and produced critical information on the presence and number of tanks, mortar batteries and the direction of movement of armored personnel carriers with infantry.

2-5 September 1944 Vasily Ivanovich headed the group, which by order of the command of the corps, operated in the area of the enemy in the village Batnovice. While performing the task, he threw grenades and set fire to two armored personnel carriers with infantry of the enemy, destroyed three enemy patrol, cut two telephone lines of the enemy. During the withdrawal the group came under machine-gun fire of the enemy. V. I. Zabashta carried from the battlefield badly wounded comrade and two other soldiers continued to return fire on the Nazis, covering the retreat of his group.

For valor and courage on the front, V. I. Zabashta awarded the order of Glory II and III degree (1944), many medals.

In June of 1945 in the Hungarian town of Sopron he meets the artist Horvath and for the first time after a seven year break a month and a half working at his easel.

In August 1945, Vasily receives ten vacation home. He grieved the death of his mother and two brothers, his father's illness. During the holidays he takes two exams in painting and composition at the Kharkiv art Institute. On the surrender of others have no time left. Basil returned to his unit, but soon gets the notice of his admission to the second year painting Department of the Kharkov art Institute.

After demobilization, wanting to witness the famous masterpieces of world art, Vasyl Zabashta, along with his army friend in Moscow artist and war correspondent Victor Tsigal made the trip to Europe to fabulous Greece. However, in all the big cities of Central Europe museums were still closed, and to Greece to get there and not managed.

Visiting the works of the students of the Kiev art Institute in January, 1947, V. I. Zabashta decides to continue studying painting in Kiev. He entered the workshop of Carp dem'yanovich, Trofimenko, head of historical and battle workshop.

The first thematic painting V. I. Zabashta "Language lead" (1949), written at the 4th course - a tribute to the frontline personal experiences and impressions.

After graduating from the Kiev art Institute in 1951, Vasily Ivanovich comes to postgraduate study. His post-graduate work - painting "In the years of occupation" (1955) - dedicated to the crypto-poltavchanka Lyalya Obivok. In this painting the artist solved the problem of artificial lighting to disclose the idea works. Both - in fact more student - pictures was a success with the audience; they exhibited at the Republican, all-Union and international exhibitions.

The topic of the war, it is generated by human tragedies V. I. Zabashta back and in his subsequent paintings "victory salute" (1975 and 1978), "From a campaign are not returned sons" (1984).

From November 1956 to April 1957 V. I. Zabashta was in China as part of the first creative team of Soviet artists. Everything seen and experienced was trying to move to the web, paper. Group exhibition "one Hundred days in China," which presented a series of his paintings and graphic works, was a success in Moscow and Kiev. For Basil Zabashta opened "green street" career of a Soviet artist.

60-70 years for V. I. Zabashta - time to rethink public and private life, finding himself as artist and citizen. He seeks and finds those who could tell the real true history of his native Ukraine in the twentieth century. Is and former prisoners of Stalin's camps biologist Nicholas Charlemagne, bibliographer Grigory Kolyada, a famous art critic Stepan Taranushenko. Genuine treasures of folk art opened and showed for him, as for many others, the sculptor, ethnographer and collector Ivan Gonchar. These people were the heroes of his portraits-paintings.

In 70-80-e years the artist has increasingly become the open air. Disturbing the sky with clouds - his characters are rebels. Broken churches - the tragic images of his homeland. Together with like-minded people: artists, writers, scientists, V. I. Zabashta many forces shall protect the cultural heritage of Ukraine. He is active in the Society of protection of monuments of history and culture (1978-1990).

Deep trace in the works of Vasily Ivanovich left the Chernobyl tragedy, which, according to him, forced to consider not only the fate of the earth-nature, but over the fate of the human soul. "People defend the song" is the title of his painting-portrait of a singer-Bandurist Vasyl Lytvyn on the background of a blazing block of the Chernobyl NPP.

More than fifty years the creative activity of Vasily Ivanovich Zabashta tied to the Kiev art Institute - now the Ukrainian Academy of fine arts and architecture. He once was her student, now (for many years) Professor of the Academy.

More than twenty years Vasily Ivanovich defended the idea of a Renaissance landscape workshop at Kyiv art Institute. It was revived in 1993 as part of the Academy, and Vasily Ivanovich became its leader. Landscape is a genre that connects generations of people through the love of native land, nature finally takes its rightful place in the upbringing of young artists.

Brush V. I. Zabashta owns more than 900 works. Among them, thematic paintings, landscapes, still lifes, and portraits. All themed paintings are currently in the collections of museums of Ukraine. Many of the portraits, landscapes, still lifes decorate private collections of paintings in the United States, Canada, France, Italy, Korea, China.

In addition to the aforementioned masterpieces of Basil Zabashta owned the pictures: "S. Gulak-Artemovsky and M. Glinka"(1951), "Tchaikovsky.. Lysenko" (1949), "Lesya Ukrainka and N. Lysenko" (1969), "away" (1975), "Revenge" (1971), "Ivan Franko on the stage" (1952), "P. Sahaidachny and halszka Gulevichivna" (1990-2000), "T. Shevchenko and members of the Kyrylo-Methodius brotherhood" (between 1989 and 2000), portraits of N. Charlemagne (1969), Carol (1976), Tkachenko (1977), S. Taranushenko (1989), T. Shevchenko (1986) and many others. Vasily Ivanovich - the author of a series of landscapes with views of the Crimea, Sednev, around Kiev.

V. I. Zabashta - people's artist of Ukraine (1999), Honored artist of Ukraine (1979), member of the Union of artists of Ukraine since 1948, a member of the societies of the "Green Svit" (1989-1994) and "Ukrayinska mova" (1989-1995).

Since childhood, V. I. Zabashta loved tinkering, was able to collect the bike and even the camera. Its main passion - painting: the work in the Studio and EN plein air. Free time V. I. Zabashta devotes to his Hobbies. Prefers classical music, especially Beethoven, and Ukrainian literature. Loves poetry of Taras Shevchenko, folk songs, Duma, as well as books on the history of Ukraine.

Lives in Kiev.