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Maria
Vladimirovna Ender

Russia 
1897−1942
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Biography and information

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Painter, graphic artist, muralist. In 1918-22 he studied at Petrograd. SVOMAS, M. Matyushin. From 1922 member of the exhibitions. In 1923-26 et al. The ginhuke (worked under arms. Matyushina). in 1929-32 he taught in VHUTEINe, etc. leningr. hood. universities. Paintings (including "the experience of the new spatial measures", 1920) and other works. Died in besieged Leningrad.

Born in St. Petersburg in 1897 in the family of agronomist of Russified Germans. He graduated from Constantine high school. He studied at the literary faculty of the pedagogical Institute. In 1916 met with by M. Matyushina and under his leadership, studying painting, drawing and music. 1923-1926 employee of the Department of Organic culture in Ginhuke, dealt with the problems of peripheral perception svetofory. Led independent research in the field of color (interval, tonality etc.) In 1928, he worked at the Leningrad Institute of civil engineering on the problems of color in modern architecture in the laboratory of A. S. Nikolsky.

In the late 1920s-1930s he worked as a consultant on the issue of coloring public buildings in Leningrad (train station, House of culture, etc.). Was a member of the Institute of the brain and deal with the problems of perception of svetofory. In 1936-1937 applies the results of research on polychromasia in architecture. Together with his brother Boris Ender participates in the design of the Soviet pavilion at the World exhibition in Paris (1937). In 1940, develops color solutions for a variety of pavilions VSHV.

Died in 1942 in Leningrad during the siege. Buried in a common grave.

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  • Techniques
    Gouache
  • Art forms
    Painting
  • Artistic associations
  • Teacher