[26.6 (8.7) .1890, Kharkov], Soviet painter and graphic artist, People's Artist of the RSFSR (1969), corresponding member of the Academy of Arts of the USSR (1947). Member of the CPSU since 1949. He studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture (1909-16) with K. A. Korovin and S. V. Malyutin. One of the founders of AHRR. mostly portrait painter; applying careful modeling of forms, K. achieves great accuracy in conveying the appearance of a person (portraits: K. E. Voroshilova, pastel, 1933, Central Museum of the Armed Forces of the USSR, Moscow; B. A. Lavreneva, pastel, sanguine, pencil, 1947, Nina Zolotova, pastel, 1958-60, both in the Tretyakov Gallery). He also performed a number of genre compositions (Kalyazin Laceworkers, 1928; The Story of a Real Man, 1949; both - pastel, sanguine, pencil, Tretyakov Gallery).
Lit .: [G ransberg A.], E. A. Katsman, M. - L., 1950.
Honored Artist of the RSFSR, corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Arts.
At the age of twelve, he became a student of the Saratov Bogolyubovsky School at the Radishchev Museum, from where he was expelled for participating in the 1905 strike. A year later, Katzman, who entered the School of the Promotion of Arts in St. Petersburg and began to study under N.K. Roerich and A.I. Schusev, was again expelled - this time for membership
to the Marxist circle. In 1909, after three years of studying in a private school, the young man entered the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture in the portrait workshop of K.A. Korovin and S.V. Malyutin and in 1916 received the title of artist of the first degree
according to the portrait.
Participant of exhibitions since 1908, including Mobile, AHR and a number of overseas. Personal exhibitions of the artist’s works took place in Moscow in 1935, 1947, 1950.
In 1922, at the initiative of E. Katsman, A. Grigoriev and P. Radimov, the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia (AHR) was created. For a number of years, Katzman was her secretary general.
Katzman is best known as the creator of an impressive portrait gallery of the leaders of the Soviet state, as well as group compositions that reflect the life of a socialist society and are mainly performed by sanguine, coal and pastel.
A remarkable feature of Katzman’s personal life is his property with K. Malevich: both artists were married to the sisters Rafalovich (Katzman was married to Natalya, and Malevich was married to Sofya).
Katzman's works are stored in the State Tretyakov Gallery, the State Russian Museum, and in other museums in Russia and abroad.