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Pavlovich Golovkin

born in 1871

Biography and information


Was born in Samara in 1871, Died there in 1925

Occurred from a merchant family Golovkin graduated from commercial College. Then possibly attended classes of painting and drawing have arrived to Samara artist Burov, however, systematic arts education is not received, remaining a self - taught artist. Worked in the traditions of Russian realistic art of the second half of H1H - early XX century. At the age of 25 years the young merchant and owner of writing shop initiated the creation of the art Department of the Samara city Museum, which was connected all his further destiny. In addition, Golovkin kept a record Samara exhibitions and published a book "the Whole Samara". After the revolution of 1917 the artist for the time left from Samara to Irkutsk, where he participated in archaeological excavations. In the early 1920-ies Golovkin returned to Samara and brought a car exhibits for the Museum, including archaeological excavation. Recent years worked in the archives of the city of Samara.

A merchant by birth, he continued his father's work in this field and have achieved some success. Konstantin Pavlovich was born on 17 December 1871 in the family of a merchant of the second Guild, I. Golovkin and P. E. S. Shikhobalov. Unforgiving parent will decided the future of the K. P. Golovkin: after graduating in 1889, Samara real school. Golovkin has been associated with the trading business of his father, but he never abandoned a childhood hobby of painting. In 1891 K. P. Golovkin, along with the known Samara artists Osipov I. P., and Burov, E. F. organized a group of art lovers. From 1891 to 1916 was organized 23 periodic exhibitions of the Samara artists; nine of them were organized with the direct participation of K. P. Golovkin. At the same time K. P. Golovkin proved himself in other areas of social and cultural life of Samara. In particular, it is known that he became the initiator of creation of the art Department at Samara city Public Museum. P. V. Alabin, according to Golovkin, "requested, without delay, to vigorously take up the case".33 as a result of his active work in the Museum was created rich art collection, including works and Samara artists, and the famous Russian painters. Konstantin Pavlovich did not leave and commercial activity. In the end of XIX century. He became Manager in two stores of his father: of writing and art. In 1902 to 1903 he becomes the owner of the store and enters the second merchant Guild. The company store K. P. Golovkin had everything we needed for drawing and painting. In 1908 Golovkin with like-minded people. Preobrazhensky A. P., Mikhailov V. A., Condominum V. V. and others, have created a society for the construction in Samara "House of science and arts", which was supposed to place the Alexander library, reading room, its Museum and art gallery, a hall for exhibitions, meetings and concerts. In September 1916, Golovkin has addressed in the Samara City Duma with a proposal to construct a building for the "House of science and arts" in his own drawings and own funds. I should say that beginning with small means, Golovkin by 1916 was able to increase its capital to two million rubles, which allowed him to deviate from commercial activities. Konstantin Pavlovich has decided to devote himself to art and social activities, which in these years was mainly centred around the Museum. In General, the needs of cultural development of the Samara it has allocated around 600 thousand rubles. But trying to get help and support from the city authorities in the establishment of "Houses of science and art" gave no results. As for the Samara City Public Museum, it should be noted that K. P. Golovkin has done much not only for the art Department. To the merit of it can be attributed to active participation in the creation and replenishment of other departments. In particular, in the winter of 1914, "the Association of lovers of the past", which included Konstantin Pavlovich, the start of the private by creating a Department in the Museum dedicated to the First World war. In the Museum of the Department of "War of 1914 – 1916 years" was equipped by Golovkin, who also composed the list of items collected for the military division. In the years after the revolution Golovkin is on the Board of the superintendence of the Samara Museum. In view of the difficult situation of the Museum K. P. Golovkin in January, 1918, made a proposal plan for the expansion area of the Museum and the subsequent construction of a new building, but in the difficult years after this appeal went unheeded. K. P. Golovkin was far political developments, and the revolution of 1917 and the civil war has not significantly changed the nature of his activities, but the impact on his fate. Being a wealthy man K. P. Golovkin feared reprisals. In December 1918 - January 1919 Konstantin Pavlovich made a trip to Mongolia, China and Japan. In his diary he meticulously noted day by day your trips for antique shopping and spending of Oriental art for the Samara Museum. During the return of Konstantin Pavlovich was forced to stay in Irkutsk. After the establishment of Soviet power there had to stay for two years. In April 1920, Golovkin has been a draftsman in the provincial Department of education. In the years of stay in Irkutsk K. P. Golovkin continued to collect icons, triptychs and crosses. Here, Golovkin continued work on the manuscript of "the Project of building, equipment and organization of the provincial Museum", which was devoted to the Samara City Public Museum. He considered in detail the work of the Museum: from the purpose and requirements of the Museum building to the device Windows, alarm, services, physical and chemical laboratories of the organizations of the city, reports, Museum, etc., In 1922, K. P. Golovkin returned to Samara, August 14, received a certificate member specialist of the Society of Archeology, History and Ethnography. In September 1922, Golovkin continued archaeological survey in the vicinity of Samara, and also headed the Samara branch of the former City Public Museum– "the Old Samara". During these years, K. P. Golovkin, devoted himself entirely to scholarly and creative work. The outcome of scientific research was "the Whole Samara in 1925," although himself Konstantin Pavlovich by this time was seriously ill. At the end of February 1925, he died. Although K. P. Golovkin and was not directly linked with the Samara City Public Museum, he has done a lot for the collection: its direct participation was created by the art Department, the First World war; greatly expanded and other departments. After the revolution, Golovkin completely engaged in scientific work, which was directly related to the Samara Museum.

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