Mikhailovich Boklevsky

Russia • 1816−1897

P. boklevsky not received systematic art education. First, he graduated from the law faculty of St. Petersburg University, then, living in the capital, in the provinces, studied with different teachers, including, in 1845, even K. P. Briullov at the Academy of fine Arts ("third party user"), but I couldn't resist, everywhere gain trouble with their defiant behavior and especially the evil cartoons. He is known for his released album of lithographic illustrations of "Auditor" of N. Gogol (1863). They are the famous Comedy was the reason for the sharp rebuke ulcers Russian reality: no wonder five years later they were re-released under the name of journalistic "Bureaucratic catechism."

Encouraged by the success, boklevsky created a series of "types" of Gogol's "Dead souls" (1860). Published in journals drawings became widely known, as they were issued only in 1881 Depicting the characters of the poem, the artist strongly emphasized their negative traits and physical ugliness is at odds with the complexity of Gogol's performance but was impressed by the mood of the Russian public of the time. In the 1870s Boklevskiy he performed the second version of the figures is softened, but less expressive. In addition, he illustrated the works of Ivan Turgenev (1869), Fyodor Dostoyevsky (1881) and P. I. Melnikov-Pechersky (1882). These works also enjoyed success, but they are clearly inferior illustrations to Gogol. The last period of the artist's life was difficult because of poverty and illness, but over his illustrations, he continued to work almost until his death.

Russian artist. Born in the village Alsina (Ryazan province) on the 12th (24th) June 1816 in a military family. He studied at Moscow University (1834-1840), served as provincial Secretary in Ryazan. Alternately living in the province, in St. Petersburg, took lessons from the Professor of the Petersburg Academy of arts of the painter A. E. Egorov, 1845 visited the academic class of K. P. Briullov and workshop of P. K. Klodt. In Ryazan the notoriety he received his caricatures of the tyranny of the local Governor P. S. Kozhin (1848). Later lived mainly in Moscow.

His drawings and watercolors – with their satirical hyperbole at the same time disarming, everyday character – full of romantic irony. Boklevsky acted as a political cartoonist (the album On the current [i.e., Crimean] war, 1855), but he achieved genuine artistic maturity after having become acquainted with the literary world of Moscow, devoted himself to book illustrations. Among the most prominent cycles albums of lithographs and drawings of the works of A. N. Ostrovsky (vol. 1-6, 1859-1860), but first and foremost – composition..In.Gogol: Gogol's Gallery of types. "The inspector General" (1858), Bureaucratic catechism. Five scenes from "the Inspector General" (1863), Album Gogol. (1881), the Types from the poem "Dead souls" (1895). Boklevsky was strengthened by the vitality of the Mayor, the inspector General, nozdryov, Tchitchikov, and other Gogol's characters are so expressive that later actors (like M. A. Chekhov (the Film) to the auditor, the Moscow art theatre, 1921) often makeup "under the Boklevskiy". The attempts of the artist to go beyond satire, adding to her drama and the epic (Drawings M. P. Boklevskiy to the novel of P. I. Mel'nikov (Andrei Pechersky) "In the woods", vol. 1-2, 1882) look not too good. In 1880-ies Boklevskiy worked on the Types of Dostoevsky, however, this cycle covering the work of the writer from the Poor people to the Brothers Karamazov, was left unfinished and unreleased album. Also illustrated by A. S. Griboedov, A. Pushkin, M. Lermontov, I. Turgenev, L. N. Tolstoy. Boklevsky died in Moscow on 10 (22) January 1897.

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