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Stepanovich Kobytev

Russia • 1911−1973

Born on 25 December 1910 in the village in the Altai. In 1927 he graduated from the school with a pedagogical slant, and at sixteen years of age he works as a teacher in a rural school. In 1929 Kobitev comes in OMCI codpropranolol, after which he teaches painting in the Krasnoyarsk pedagogical College named after M. Gorky. In 1933 he participated at the Congress of artists of the East Siberian region. The artistic dream of higher education come true in 1936 when he, on the Komsomol entered the Kyiv state art Institute. The work of a talented student does not go unnoticed, and in 1939 he participated in all-Union exhibition of young artists. In 1941 he graduated with honors from the art Institute... All the dreams are cut off on June 22, when in the first hours of the war Hitler's planes begin to bomb Georgia. The artist becomes a soldier, he's a fighter 8 battery of the 3rd division 821-th artillery regiment. Regiment, which fought Evgeny Stepanovich Kobitev had to protect a small town of Pripyat, which lies between Kiev and Kharkov. The regiment was formed before the fights. The first and second divisions have already received it baptism of fire at the village Stepantsi on the outskirts of Kanev and crossed to the left Bank of the Dnieper badly battered. The third division had not yet received guns and must fight as infantry. In September a group of South-Western front led by the military Council, fighting out of the encirclement in the area of Pripyat-the site. Kobitev was in the vanguard, which covered the headquarters and made a breakthrough. On 18 September, during the battle he was wounded in the leg, but a day later, leaving the cart with the wounded, again took part in the fighting. 20 Sep command column was surrounded by tanks, armored vehicles the Germans at the farm Driukivschyna, Senokosova district. After the death of the headquarters, the soldiers in small detachments made their way to the East, no roads at night, avoiding villages and hamlets occupied by the Germans. The Nazis ruthlessly bombed from the air, ironed tanks, scattering the pickets armored vehicles, motorcycle riders, machine gunners who by the light of flares shot people from ambush. Kobitev Eugene S. several times to join groups of fighters released from the environment, but because of a wounded leg all the time behind. One day, sailing with a young soldier in a small boat through a narrow but deep river, ran into an ambush of machine gunners. Here began a long, hungry, cruel and unbearable way captured...In 1943 he managed to escape from captivity, once again back in line and to travel through Ukraine, Moldova and Poland – Germany. While in the army in Berlin, the artist has created a doll of frontline Amateur theatre of political satire. Eugene S. he wrote plays, made puppets, played. Currently, his puppets are in the Museum of puppets in Moscow. War E. S. Kobitev graduated in Dresden with the rank of Sergeant. Awarded order of the red star and the medal for the Victory over Germany. By order of the "Supreme Commander Marshal of the Soviet Union comrade Stalin on 14 December 1943 for the excellent fighting for the liberation of the city of Cherkasy, the gratitude," and two more "...dated February 3, 1944 for excellent battle actions for the implementation of a breakthrough and participation in the battles for the liberation of Smila" and "...on February 18, 1944 for excellent battle actions in the battle near Korsun". After the war he taught at the Krasnoyarsk art school named after V. I. Surikov, he was the chief artist of the city... In 1959 created a series of "To the last breath" is about camaraderie, courage, unbending firmness of the Soviet people in captivity. Later E. S. Kobitev created a second graphic series – "People, be vigilant!", which captured the terrifying image of the Nazi war criminals that committed atrocities in the concentration camp Khorol Pit. The basis of work based on drawings and sketches made by the artist in camp, on the sheets incidental to the notebook. After the second series, E. S. Kobitev once again returned to the themes of the first, but in the new works, along with the leaves about courage and perseverance, as "Unconquered", "Hate", "face of death", "Requiem", "Yes, I am a Communist" began to appear the following work: "Oh, Pavi, Pavi", "Stand", especially "I will come back to you, Russia", where in new ways and with greater force sounded the courage and faith in victory... part of the work is placed in the book E. S. Kobitev "Khorol Pit", released Krasnoyarsk book publishing house in 1963. In Krasnoyarsk Eugene S. together with artist K. F. Waldman painted the ceiling of the Krasnoyarsk river station. Along with his wife, artist T. A. Miroshkina they produced a number of monumental decorative paintings: in the Krasnoyarsk Palace of railwaymen, the Palace of pioneers, Atamanovka the camp, the district club the village of Bolshaya Murta. The themes of these paintings: paintings of nature in our region – Krasnoyarsk "Stolby" Uralskie SKAZY Bazhov, Russian folk tales. Of these works executed in the technique of stained glass. In recent years, he performed in Krasnoyarsk on the front of the cinema "Rodina" a large mosaic mural. In the same work of his hands, and decorative design for the ballet of S. Prokofiev "the Stone flower", the play by S. Mikhalkov "I want to go home" and a series of fantastic paintings "Space flight". But still the main direction in the work of E. S. Kobitev is not painting, and graphics. Here it works: illustrations to the novel by A. Fadeev "Young guard", "Portrait of Communist B. K. Fedoskova" and a series of portraits of the foremost operators of the farm. ΧΧ Congress of the CPSU in the Republic of Khakassia, with whom he participated in regional, Russian and Republican exhibitions.

Wife of Eugene S. Kobitev artist Miroshkina after his death in 1973, passed the most significant works from the series "Until the last breath" and "People, be vigilant!" in the Kiev Museum of the great Patriotic war, along with his military awards. Remember Yevgeny Stepanovich in the city Horol, where a memorial Museum.

(From the article "have we all survived?")

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