Boris
Ivanovich the Prophet

Russia • 1911−1972

Biography and information

1929-1931 Studied in Vhuteine in Moscow.

1931-1938 collaborated in the newspaper "Komsomolskaya Pravda".

1929-1937 collaborated in the magazine "Change".

From 1938 he collaborated in the magazine "Crocodile". In the prewar years and the years of the great Patriotic war performed a series of anti-fascist posters.

1950, State prize Laureate.

1952 laureate of the State prize.

1954 corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of arts.

1961 winner of the Lenin prize.

Since 1971, people's artist of the USSR.

Was born in Ivanovo-Voznesensk on April 26 (9 may) 1911 in a working class family. Included in the art as "judaicos", "Komsomolskaya Pravda" received for his drawings first prize in the competition in 1929. Then he studied in Moscow VHUTEMAS-VHUTEIN, where among his mentors were P. Y. Pavlinov and D. S. moor; he graduated from the Institute in 1931. Collaborated, in addition to "Komsomolskaya Pravda", magazines "Change" (1929-1937) and "Crocodile" (since 1938). During the Second world war served as the artist of the Main Directorate of political propaganda of the Navy in the Baltic, the black sea and then again the Baltic and, finally, the Pacific fleets; he created the drawings for the front press, and with leaflets that were dropped from airplanes over enemy territory. Shell-shocked in 1944 and all his life suffered from severe headaches. He lived in Moscow. Drawing with ink, often resorting to mixed techniques. His post-war work, usually resolved in a concise manner contrasting picture-poster rigidly outlined new fronts of the "cold war" (series In Kuomintang China, 1945-1947; Here it is, America., 1948, Stalin prize, 1950; For the world! 1950; Mayakovsky about America, 1951-1954; all work – in the Tretyakov gallery; in the last cycle, and selected sheets from the series For the world! he received in 1952 a second Stalin prize). Of particular prominence was the sheet Tanks Truman on the bottom! (1950), went on anti-American demonstrations around the world, as well as illustrations to the poem of V. V. Mayakovsky Syphilis (1954), inspiring a disgust for capitalism as a global contagion. Impressive expression and at the same time, the artistry of the Prophets reached in the cycle That must not happen! (1958-1959, Russian Museum; the Lenin prize in 1961). Like many Soviet art images of war, the series carried a double message being directed against political violence and terror in General; this is evidenced, in particular, stylistically preceding a series sheet Heavy dream secret is a symbolic response to the repression of the 1930-ies (B. I. Prorokov Museum, Ivanovo). Gloomy grotesque dominates domestic satires ("crocodilia" series For an ear Yes on the sun, 1954; Evening bells, 1957), sharply exposing the inner spiritual disintegration of the Soviet society. The Prophets died in Moscow on 19 September 1972. His recollections and excerpts from the diaries were published posthumously (About time and about himself, 1979). In 1981 in Ivanovo opened the house-Museum of the artist.

  • Artworks in 1 collection
  • Styles of art
    Socialist realism
  • Techniques
    Oil
  • Art forms
    Painting
  • Subjects
    Portrait, Nude
  • Artistic associations
  • Learning
  • Teacher