Born in the Nizhny Novgorod region Nikolay Efimovich Rachkov began his career in painting already well-known by the time the Arzamas art school, founded in 1805, a patriot and academician of painting A. V. Stupin. Continued studying at Academy of fine arts, where in 1844 he received a small silver medal. Next year N. Rackova awarded the title of class artist of portraiture.
Distinguished by very high powers of observation, Nicholas E. found his calling in two genres of fine art — portraits and household composition. Numerous charming head, especially children, and simple scenes with charming characters enjoyed great popularity from a wide range of art lovers. In 1878 N. E. Crustaceans exhibited at the academic exhibition work "Magadelene," which became so popular that it took in the same year at the Paris world exhibition. The artist's paintings have gained such a solid collectors of paintings, as P. Tretyakov, K. T. Soldatenkov.
Today in the Russian Museum in St. Petersburg is N. E. Key words: "Eve "(1868), the sketch "old Woman" (1872), "Portrait of Natalia Razumova Demianova (Razumihin)". In the Tretyakov gallery — "At the gate" (1871), "portrait of the artist Domenica of Ernestovich of gahena" (1876), "the Cook".