Germanowicz Reindorf

Russia • 1889−1974

Biography and information

Schedule Nar. hood. Of the USSR (1969), corresponding member Q. AH THE USSR (1958). He studied at the Center. Uch-school tehn. drawing in St. Petersburg (1905-13). In 1920-41 taught at Tallinn art.-prom. Uch-school, 1950-58 in Tallinn hood. the Institute, and from 1951 Professor. Landscape easel paintings ("Sultry days of August", 1955; "there's a storm Coming", 1959), vol. Fig. (to the fairy tales of A. S. Pushkin, 1946-47), etc.

Born in St. Petersburg. He received his artistic education at the School of Stieglitz, teaching practice which is different from practical application. Formed here as a creative installation artist, is determined by the interest in landscape that his work was subsequently occupied a Central place. As a scholar of the College in 1913-1914, Reindorf improved in Paris and Spain, the work "of the Expedition of storing state papers" in Petrograd and in Moscow Goznak hones technical skill graphics.

In 1920, Reindorf in Estonia. He teaches at the Tallinn school of industrial art, works as a consultant to the State of typography, keen on technical experiments, participated in the design of the festivities, but the landscape graphics in his work remains dominant. In the years Randomfrom performed a great series on the Pakri island (1921), southern Estonia (1922), the old Tallinn (1923-1924), North coast and South Estonia (1925), the Islands Suursaari and Tytarsaari (1926). With the genre of landscape is associated with the interests of the artist in 30 years - he works a lot on the coast of Estonia and around Tallinn.

The emotional range of the works of this time are wide enough, but the masters are more attracted to stories of tragic plan. A sense of the drama of existence is manifested in the favorite motifs of the artist - knotty pines that survived or defeated, the fish-like boat hulls, ready to confront the onslaught of the sea, strange stumps. In plastic form offer the viewer a sense of the material world, asserts the triumph of life energy the ever-renewing nature.

The years of Nazi occupation, Reindorf conducts in the fishing village Haapse, devoting himself to easel. Graphic expression prints "Evening on the island of Vormsi" (1943), "Evening landscape" (1944) gives rise to anxiety and depression, reports the mental state of the wizard.

In the postwar period in the work of Reindorf milestones becomes series about Armenia, made in 1946. Creating a generalized image of Armenian nature, the wizard searches for the correct relation of part and whole. The prospect opens the face of the ancient earth. Folds of the crust identified in contrasts of light and dark, elaborate or barely outlined the details show through the crystal volume of the temples, are designated by a valley - this appears Armenia in the works of "Mountains near the village of Bjni", "chapel Ruins", "the Valley of the river SAP".

Experience in Transcaucasia is seen in a series of graphic 1947. The leaves of this cycle, "composed" on full-scale sketches, significantly the tendency to generalization, and symbolism. Individual motifs are composed in a "mythological" landscapes of the coast, showing symbolic images of the Northern nature. Emotion natural power and strength imbued drawing "On the coast". Decorative beauty, wealth of compositional techniques - a low horizon, close point of view - enhance the emotional intensity of the series.

At the turn of 40-50-ies of the artist a lot of energy gives illustrate the book ("Dead souls" N. Gogol, "footprints in the sand" I. Semper, "Tales of the river" Yu Vanaga), which started in 1941. The most significant illustration to "Tales" by A. Pushkin (1949) and "Old Estonian folk tales" FR.The kreutzwald (1945-1951). Mischief and deceit, "Tales" is not quite answered in a clear manner of the master, far more original than his drawings to the "Legends" of Kreutzwald. Space is populated by fantastic creatures, grotesque proportions and different combinations and at the same time the maximum reliability of the form, striking a fabulous atmosphere.

In the 1950-1958 years, Randorf teaches at the State art Institute of the Estonian SSR. The maturity of style of the artist with a special power is revealed in the works of the second half of the 50-60-ies. In explanation Rouge (southern Estonia, 1955-1956) and Saaremaa island (1958-1959), they performed a series constituting a landscape poem of Estonia. Stored in the memory experience are synthesized by the artist in the generalized picture of his native land - "Creeping night", "Hot days of August", "evening on the lake", is something concrete and symbolic at the same time. Reindorf to docosanol, however, the narrative image and the perfection of every element does not destroy the integrity of the composition. Eastermost forms is achieved by the possession of a sophisticated pencil technique. Bright, serene feeling, the painted panorama "evening on the lake" and "the Hot days of August" is replaced by romantic pathos "Finland Sibelius" (1962) - name, could not be accurately describing the intent of the author. Epic panorama embodies excited fine structure of the music. Dynamics lighting - accents of light and dark planes, which suggests the spatial plans is a tuning fork in the mood, organizes the composition.

In 1956, 1969, 1970, 1974, has successfully held exhibitions of Reindorf in Tallinn, Tartu and Moscow. In 1969 he was awarded the title of people's artist of the USSR.

Wisdom of life is imbued with one of the last works of the master "the Sea. The memory of Muhu island" (1974). From the high Bank, descending the crystal ledges overlooking the border of land and sea. A narrow strip of the sky merges with the water, which clearly reflected the white billowy clouds, a little farm attached to the sickle scythes, boats drawn on shore. Time stopped its course, capturing the artist's hand way of Being. (A. Samoilov)


Bernstein B. M. Gunther, M. Reindorp, 1981