Sign up
Utagawa Hiroshige
Utagawa
 Hiroshige
Japan 1797−1858
Subscribe126       
Subscribe126       
Biography and information
 
Utagawa (sometimes Ando) Hiroshige (1797, Edo (now Tokyo) — 12 October 1858) was a Japanese artist, master of color woodcut. According to some researchers, the Creator of the last great Ukiyo-e, whose death resulted in a slow fading direction. Won wide acclaim at home and far beyond its borders thanks to the cycles of prints «36 views of mount Fuji», «53 stations of the Tokaido» and especially «100 famous views of Edo». Sheets from the latest series of Vincent van Gogh not only adorned the walls of his Studio, but had to paint them, studying the techniques of Japanese printmaking (1, 2).

Features of the artist Utagawa Hiroshige: though Katsushika Hokusaiwas the first who began extensive use of the landscape theme in the prints of Ukiyo-e, Hiroshige managed to give his landscapes a special emotional mood, and so they are sometimes called «portraits of the region». In turn, he also brought in Ukiyo-e alien to this area theme: the image of fish, birds and flowers (especially the woodcuts more was made to depict Japanese beauties and Kabuki actors).

Famous prints by Utagawa Hiroshige: «Blooming plum garden in Kameido», «Sudden shower over Ohashi bridge at Atake», «Irises at Horikiri», «Sparrows and snow-covered Camellia», «Quarter Saruwaka night».

Frustrated firefighter


Future master of xylography was born in a family of samurai. By the time of the birth Tokutaro (the so-called artist at birth) his father held the post of Manager of the fire brigade of the city of Edo. Subsequently, the boy’s name will change again: according to the tradition in Japan is often renamed children to confuse evil spirits. So, before becoming a famous artist Hiroshige Utagawa, he will have some time to be Tokubei, Jamona and Jubei.

The family Tokutaro very early visited death. First she came for one of the three sisters. When he was 12, was not his mother, during the year died and the father. According to custom, in spite of her young age, the boy had inherited the profession of the head of the family. So the teenager began to follow the prevention of fires at Edo castle. Fortunately, these duties leave plenty of time for lessons, he was much more like drawing. The first Tokutaro created at the age of 10 years.

He wanted to learn from Toyokuni — famous masters of the Utagawa school. But, by happy coincidence, I already had too many students for one didn’t have the space. With luck it will be called the researchers after many years, because Toyokuni was considered to be an authoritarian teacher, which most likely would not have allowed the talent of Hiroshige to manifest fully.

But let another teacher of the same school, Toshiro. This is evidenced by the fact that at the age of 15, he was allowed to sign his work (in Japan, some artists went to it dozens of years). Thus was born the nickname Hiroshige: according to the accepted custom, one of the characters who compose it, taken from the name of the teacher.

53 the station to success


As in many other cases, in the process of learning the skill of the artist, the Japanese did not love the hustle and bustle. Different techniques and styles have been studied for many years, and very often its heyday artists achieved quite old (as happened with Hoquiam upon reaching the 60-year anniversary).

But Hiroshige learned the art of printmaking Ukiyo-e externally, and by 25 years confidently held a brush in his hand. Fun as it may sound, but your post of the fire he left only in 1823. And some five years later, his authority in art was already so high that the master was asked to head the school of his mentor after his death.

Hiroshige refused — apparently, a talented young man was more ambitious plans for life than learning the art of printmaking inexperienced Chicks. And began to blaze a path to glory it is a path, that it began to be trodden by the master Hokusai, — no one to plow them up to the field infinity color woodcuts.

On the artistic Olympus (if this Greek metaphor applicable to Japanese art) Hiroshige, you might say, rode on a white horse. Which, according to tradition, each year presented the Emperor as a gift from the military government. A solemn procession with a horse all the way from Edo to Kyoto along the Tokaido highway. The artist accompanied the procession in 1832, producing sketches at each of the stops.

So was born the series «53 stations of the Tokaido», which caused so much noise that the first edition has disappeared from the shelves within a few weeks. Reprint of the cycle in the form of an album made Hiroshige famous all over the capital.

Teachers novices

At the peak of his career, the artist is faced with personal adversity in his life again begins to regularly go and see death. First she paid a visit in 1839, taking the first wife of Hiroshige. He married a second time, but according to some surviving documents, he began to pursue increased anxiety.

Mental instability only intensified after the death of his son, Tojiro. Apparently, in an attempt to escape from tragic events and related experiences the artist’s long travels around the country, never stopping for long, and only after ten years of wandering, returned to his home.

When in 1849 mortal world leaving Hokusai, the place of the main landscape painter of Japan becomes free, and it is immediately Hiroshige. In his workshop employed many assistants and careers teachers still overtakes the artist. Although he is still not pleased with this lesson because he preferred a solitary life of silence. That, however, did not prevent him to teach the intricacies of creating woodblock prints Ukiyo-e, a total of more than twenty masters.

Apparently, the number of losses of people close to him still could not help but leave an imprint on the psyche of the artist. Perhaps he even had a disorder, which today would be called depression. Hiroshige began to Express a desire to quit work because she was afraid that «years and fatigue disgrace to its former glory».

In the end, he becomes a Buddhist monk but continues to live in the world. This decision was not unexpected, as the novice master had worked for over ten years before taking his vows. To great luck for the entire art world Hiroshige still not found the strength to finally break with the art, even despite the taken spiritual vows. It is in this time he creates the most precious of his creations — a series «One hundred famous views of Edo«(1856−1858).

And only after that, as if completing the mission on the ground, Hiroshige goes on a last date with the one that took away almost everyone he loved. The artist lived quite a few Japan — only 61 years old. But during this period he managed to produce almost five and a half thousand works, many of which are brilliant examples of subtle, lyrical, sensitive and philosophical view of the master of the world.

Author: Natalia Azarenka
Powered by Yandex.Translate
Read the full article
Artwork liked by
+91

Feed
Utagawa Hiroshige. Lovers at home
Lovers at home
Utagawa Hiroshige
To post comments log in or sign up.
If you like a user's post, mark it as liked so your friends can see it
Comment on and discuss user publications and actions. Add the required photos, videos or sound files to comments.
Japan for Vincent van Gogh was an undiscovered country like the Atlantean continent for the other people. He read about it, collected an enormous number of small things and pictures resembling it and at the same time he was aware of he would never have a chance to see it with his own eyes.  Vincent invented his own way possible only for him; obsessively and insatiably (as anything he did in his…

To post comments log in or sign up.
Whole feed
Artist's artworks
total 733 artworks
Utagawa Hiroshige. Blooming plum garden in Kameido
14
Blooming plum garden in Kameido
1857, 33.7×22 sm
Utagawa Hiroshige. A sudden summer downpour over the bridge Okami in Atake. The series "100 famous views of Edo"
11
A sudden summer downpour over the bridge Okami in Atake. The series "100 famous views of Edo"
1857, 33.8×22.1 sm
Utagawa Hiroshige. Irises in Horikiri. The series "100 famous views of Edo"
9
Irises in Horikiri. The series "100 famous views of Edo"
1857, 36.2×25 sm
Utagawa Hiroshige. The Village Of Minova, Kanasugi, Mikawashima. The series "100 famous views of Edo"
0
The Village Of Minova, Kanasugi, Mikawashima. The series "100 famous views of Edo"
1857, 36.2×23.6 sm
Utagawa Hiroshige. Kasumigaseki. The series "100 famous views of Edo"
1
Kasumigaseki. The series "100 famous views of Edo"
1857, 35.7×24.5 sm
Utagawa Hiroshige. The procession on the feast of the Sledge in the district of Kojimachi, on the street, Ettema
2
The procession on the feast of the Sledge in the district of Kojimachi, on the street, Ettema
1856, 36.2×25 sm
Utagawa Hiroshige. The view from the bridge, Azumi. The series "100 famous views of Edo"
2
The view from the bridge, Azumi. The series "100 famous views of Edo"
1856, 35.7×23 sm
Utagawa Hiroshige. The sanjusangendo temple, the city of Fukagawa. The series "100 famous views of Edo"
2
The sanjusangendo temple, the city of Fukagawa. The series "100 famous views of Edo"
1857, 35.5×24.9 sm
Utagawa Hiroshige. The Benten Shrine at Haneda international terminal. The series "100 famous views of Edo"
3
The Benten Shrine at Haneda international terminal. The series "100 famous views of Edo"
1858, 36.8×25.2 sm
View all 733 artworks artist
HELP