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Efimovich Tsigal


Biography and information


(1916, Odessa - 2005, Moscow). Member of the PAX (1997). State prize laureate, people's artist of Russia. Graphic artist, painter, sculptor, painter of decorative art. In 1946, graduated from Moscow state academic art Institute. V. I. Surikov. Studied with G. M. Goroshenko, I. I. Chekmazova, V. A. Favorsky, P. D. Pokarzhevsky. Works of the artist are in the Tretyakov gallery, the Russian Museum, in many private collections in Russia and abroad.

People's artist of Russia, laureate of the State prize of the RSFSR behalf I. E. Repin, academician of the Russian Academy of arts. Awarded orders of the red Star, Patriotic war, 2 nd degree, red banner of Labor.

In 1927-30 years Victor Tsigal studied at the Penza school № 1, took lessons in painting at the academician of painting, the teacher of the Penza art aclima N. F. Petrov. In 1930 the family moved to Moscow. There Victor was enrolled at the school of "Mosenergomontazh" and graduated in 1933. He worked as an electrician. In 1934 he entered the Moscow regional art school of memory of 1905, and in 1938 – in Moscow art Institute named after V. I. Surikov.

A graduate student Victor Tsigal, despite booking the reservation, he volunteered to the front. As a war artist he was sent to the black sea fleet, the Marines, where he produced front-line newspaper "Polundra", which enjoyed wide popularity... In an interview Tsigal said: "the Lenin prize I received for a memorial complex in Novorossiysk, "a monument to the troops" at the little earth. He is especially close to me: I participated in the landing in the night of 3 February 4, forty-third year..."

1946, after returning from the front, Tsigal graduated from the Surikov Institute. His thesis work was illustrations for the story "White Fang" by Jack London. In 1947 he was admitted to the Moscow Union of artists.

The desire to see and capture for many years determines the way of life of Victor Tsigal. Start its continuous travel through the cities and villages of Armenia, the Voronezh region, the Kuban and the Crimea, North, Altai, Dagestan, the Azov sea, Azerbaijan, and the Kola Peninsula. Besides travelling abroad to America, England, Holland, Spain, France, Italy, Cuba... the Result of these trips became a series of drawings of "People farm", "Farmers of the Crimea", "Sovetskaya Kuban", "Elections", "Altai Krai", "Azov sea" and the albums "Images Tsigal in the collective farms of the Kuban, Crimea and the Voronezh region", "Dagestan", "the Fishermen of Azerbaijan".

Victor Tsigal known as a master of book graphics. However, he gave a clear preference for children's literature, create illustrations, imbued with kindness. Since the early 80-ies in his art there is a series of thematic compositions on the theme of national history. Made of wrought iron, copper, brass, they were completely original sculpture. Among them is the sculpture "the Legend", "Night crossing", "a Great beginning", "Red", "Saturday", "First tractor", "the Seedling. 1922", the monument to General Karbysheva in Austria, in the former Nazi concentration camp Mauthausen, where he died, and in Moscow, children's doctor Filatov, Richard Sorge in Moscow and Baku, Sergey Yesenin and poet Musa Jalil in Kazan.

His works are in the collections of museums of the CIS, Russia and abroad, including at the State Tretyakov gallery, Russian Museum, Kiev and many other museums. He participated in numerous all-Union, Republican and international exhibitions. Personal exhibitions of the artist were held in Moscow, Yugoslavia, Poland, Dar-es-Salaam (Tanzania). The artist has written a memoir, "the Life of an artist. Encounters on the road", to the works of Vladimir Tsigal is devoted to the monograph by V. R. and Herzenberg, L. I., Akimov, articles in various Newspapers and magazines.

Source: "Penza encyclopedia" / GL. edited by K. D. Wisniewski.

- Penza: Ministry of culture of the Penza region, M:

Great Russian encyclopedia.

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