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Lev
Fedorovich Zhegin

Russia 
1892−1969
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(1892, Moscow – 1969, Moscow)

Russian Soviet painter and art theorist. Distinctive practices and in fact the ideology of "quiet art".

The son of architect F. O. Schechtel (later took his mother's surname). Engaged in school-Studio of K. F. Yuon (1909 – 1910) and the Moscow school of painting, sculpture and architecture (1911 – 1919). Illustrated (with V. N. By Chekrygin) first poetry book by Vladimir Mayakovsky ("I", 1913).

As a member of "Makovets", sought to breathe new life into religious symbolism. Loved the charcoal drawing, he worked in watercolor, gouache or mixed media, so his compositions were most often occupy an intermediate position between drawing and painting.

From mid-1920-ies were actively engaged in theoretical work, expressing the principles of the so-called "quiet art", alien to the avant-garde and socialist realism. After the collapse of the "Makovets" Regin became one of the organizers of the Association "Path of painting" and wrote a Manifesto in which he declared the picture "little world" and "organically closed

in itself."

In the later decades practically was not present, earning a living as an artist-designer of the Historical Museum and the Palace Museum in Ostankino. Fruitfully engaged in theory research mainly on the example of ancient art – the understanding of art as an Autonomous structure, independent of historical and sociological motivations. The artist's works are kept in many museums of Russia, as well as in Karakalpak GMI them. I. V. Savitsky.

Born in Moscow in the family of architect F. O. Schechtel (later took his mother's surname). Engaged in school-Studio of K. F. Yuon (1909-1910) and the Moscow school of painting, sculpture and architecture, after the revolution transformed into the Free art workshops (1911-1919). Illustrated (with V. N. By Chekrygin) first poetry book by Vladimir Mayakovsky (I, 1913). In 1914 he traveled with Chekrigina in Western Europe. Was a member of the "Makovets". He lived in Moscow.

Like many other "makovkina", sought to breathe new life into religious symbolism (series of Biblical scenes, watercolour, gouache, charcoal; the beginning of 1920-ies). Loved the charcoal drawing, he worked in watercolor, gouache or mixed media, so his compositions were most often occupy an intermediate position between drawing and painting. He consistently expressed the principles formed in this period of "quiet art", alien to the "left" avant-garde and Orlovskim pretvaranja of socialist realism. After the collapse of the "Makovets" has become the soul of the Association "Path of painting" (1926-1930). In the Manifesto of enterprises expressed the idea of painting as an end in itself "little world" and "organically self-contained". It is this credo and embodied in gaginsky cycles (Moscow landscapes, 1918-1919; From Dostoyevsky, 1930-ies; the variations on the theme of the Feast during the plague (1920-1930-ies) and Egyptian nights (1940-ies) A. S. Pushkin; watercolors of flowers, 1940-1950-ies), the full chamber, lyrically solitary expression.

In the later decades practically was not present, earning a living as a graphic designer (Historical Museum and the Palace Museum in Ostankino, Moscow). Fruitfully engaged in theory research mainly on the example of ancient art – semiotics close understanding of art as an Autonomous structure, independent of historical and sociological motivations. His most important work is the posthumous book the Language of paintings (the conventionality of ancient art) (1970). Died Regin in Moscow.

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