Biography and information
April — exhibition and lecture at the Kunsthalle in Bern; other exhibitions: Museum of Antrim; gallery Take and Louis Caret, Paris; gallery of Sydney Janice, new York. Participates in the 26th Biennale in Venice. Panels for a large conference room of the UN building in new York. The scenery and costumes for the ballet staged Jannini Ball in Amboise. 1953 a travelling exhibition in Japan, exhibitions in the Gallery of modern art, new York, at the art Institute, Chicago, and San Francisco; exhibition of colored sculptures in the gallery of Louis Kara. Lecture «Contemporary art» in Brussels. Illustration to the poem of Eluard’s «Liberty». 1954 Mosaics and stained glass Windows for the University of Caracas, ordered Raul Villanueva; stained in Caracas for the Innocent Palacios; stained glass Windows for the Church in Courfaivre; preparatory sketches for Memorial hospital in Saint-Lô, opened in 1956. Exhibits paintings of «a Country walk» and «the Big parade» in the House of French thought; the exhibition in the gallery Quads. 1955 the First sketches for «the battle of Stalingrad». Trip to Czechoslovakia for the games. Wall painting of the building enterprises «GAZ de France» in Alfortville. Receives the Grand Prix at the Biennale and San Paolo. Retrospective exhibition at the Lyon Museum. Dying on 17 August in the town of GIF-sur-Yvette in Ile-de-France. He was buried in the local cemetery. Commemorative exhibition in honor of Fernand Leger in the Gallery of Moët.1890−1896 Argentinska Studying in College and at Church school in 1897−1899 Tenebre Learns from the architect in Cannes 1900−1902 Goes to Paris; works as a draftsman with architect 1902−1903 Located on military service in the 2nd sapper regiment at Versailles 1903 Enters the High school of decorative arts. Denied admission to the High school of fine arts; attends the volunteer courses and Jerome Ferrier and Julian Academy; often goes to the Louvre. In the early works of Leger visible the influence of impressionism. 1904−1907 Leads a hard life; together with his countryman Andre Maher takes workshop. Works of the architect and as a Retoucher for a photographer. Illness forced to spend the winter of 1907 his friend Vielle in Corsica, in Belladere, which then repeatedly returns. Shocked by the posthumous exhibition of cézanne at the salon «Independent» in 1907 1908−1909 Settled in the «Hive», where he met Archipenko, Laurent, Lipschitz, and later Soutine, Chagall, Delaunay and their guests: max Jacob, Apollinaire, Renal, Santaram and others. Some of them become his friends. Participates in the Autumn salon. Meets with the artist-primitivist Henri Rousseau-the Customs officer. From 1909 léger is adjacent to the new direction of cubism. In the future, the subjects of his works become more abstract, although at a late stage Leger departs from the abstract, at least in his easel works. A significant place in the work of Leger is a social and industrial topics. In addition to painting the artist also worked with ceramics, book illustrations, fashion design and rugs, worked in theater and film. 1910 the Owner of art galleries Kahnweiler enabled Picasso and Braque, buys a few paintings Leger, allowing you Leger a year later to move outside Ancienne Comedy. In PUTEAUX met with Jacques Villon, and through him with a group of «Golden section» 1911-with Gleize, Delaunay and others participated in the exhibition «Independent» in room No. 41, nicknamed the «cubist room», exhibits the painting «Nudes in the woods». Together with the group exhibited in Brussels. Participates in the Autumn salon painting, «the Wedding». Together with Andre Maher develops the interior design of the dining room and office 1912 Exhibited at the «Independent» painting «Smokers» and in the Autumn salon «Woman in blue». Involved in other General exhibitions, particularly in the group exhibition «Golden section». The first exhibition in the gallery of Kahnweiler In may 1913 at the Academy Vasilyeva gave a lecture «the Origins of painting and its representational value», the text of which is published in Paris, Berlin and Bergen. Participates in the exhibition «Independent», in the «Armory Show» and in the first exhibition of the Autumn salon in Berlin. In October signed a contract with Kahnweiler on sale to him their works. Rents a Studio in the house № 86 on the street Notre-Dame-des-Champs, which reserves to the end of life may of 1914−1916 In 1914, delivers a new lecture on «New discoveries in modern painting» at the Academy Vasilyeva. 2 Aug mobilized and sent to sapper troops. Two years is at the front near Argonne and Verdun. Draws in the trenches and in the cantonments. In September of 1916 at Verdun, where he engaged in the transportation of the wounded, was gassed in 1917 Is treated in Villepinte. Again begins to paint. At the end of the year he was fired from military service, 1918−1919 Hard at work, doing illustrations for the works of Sankara. Marries Jeanne Loy. Begins to work on the paintings of «Drives», «City», «Mechanical elements». Exhibited his works at the Paris gallery of Leonce Rosenberg «Affor modern» in the Antwerp gallery «Seleccion» 1920 At the base of the magazine «Esprit Nouveau» strikes up a friendly relationship with Le Corbusier. Says leaf, «the Mechanic» and «Big lunch». This year, for many years exhibited at the «Independent» 1921 Together with Santarem involved in the film Abel gance «Wheel». Illustrates the book of andré Malraux’s «Paper moon.» Meets van Doesburg and Mondrian 1922 Performs projects of sets, costumes and curtain for a production of «the Rink» to the music of Darius Millau for the Swedish ballet of Ralph de Mare Performs the 1923 designs sets and costumes for the ballet «the Creation» to music by Milhaud libretto by Sankara directed by Ralph de Mare. Working on the scenery for the film «Inhuman» Marseille when he begins to speak with the music of Milhaud; participates in the drafting of one of the halls of the exhibition «the Independent» Puts the 1924 film «Mechanical ballet» (operators man ray and Dudley Murphy, music by George. The antejjl). Together with Ozanfanom, Marie laurencin and Alexandra Exter opens the free art school. Lecture at the Sorbonne. Along with Rosenberg travels in Italy admires Ravenna 1925−1927 With a known difficult to put an abstract mural at the International exhibition of modern decorative and industrial arts in Le Corbusier pavilion and in the pavilion Mallet-Stevens, showing the projects of the building of one of the French embassies. Exhibition: Anderson gallery, new York; the Brooklyn Museum; the gallery «Quatre Chemin», Paris; retrospective personal exhibition at «Independent». Showing more interest in items 1928 Exhibits 100 works and lecture in the gallery Flechtheim in Berlin; the exhibition in the gallery «Affor modern» in Paris in 1929, Together with Ozenfant in the Modern Academy 1930 Exhibition in London in the gallery of Leicester and in Paris at the Galerie Paul Rosenberg. Met with the 1931 Calder Spends the summer in Austria from their friends Murphy. In September-December, travels to new York and Chicago. Exhibitions in galleries of John Baker and Durand-Ruel 1932 Teaches at the Academy of the «Big hut». Visited the Scandinavian countries. Exhibition in new York, in the gallery of Valentina 1933 Big exhibition in Zurich, the Kunsthaus, where Leger is present in person. Along with Le Corbusier goes to Greece at the international Congress of modern architecture. On the way back to the ship lecture «Architecture and life» 1934 exhibition at the Galerie Vignon. Spends summer at Murphy in Antibes. In August in London preparing the scenery for the film of H. G. wells. Wells ' «Shape of things future.» In September the exhibition in Stockholm in a Modern gallery. Lecture at the Sorbonne, «From the Acropolis to the Eiffel tower» 1935 world exhibition in Brussels, he designed the hall of physical culture, built on the project Charlotte, Perrien. In October, heading back to the United States, where it occurs in Le Corbusier. A major exhibition at the Museum of modern art in new York and at the art Institute in Chicago in 1936 «Discussion on realism» emphasizes its spiritual independence. Exhibited in the Salon moralnogo art 1937 the Scenery for a ballet by Serge Lifar to music by Rieti «Triumphant David», staged at the Paris Opera. Sketches of scenery for trade Union festival at the Winter velodrome and murals for the Palace of discoveries at the world exhibition in Paris, the management of which previously rejected several projects. In November reads in Antwerp a lecture on «Color in the world.» Exhibition at the Galerie Artek in Helsinki, where he met with Aalto 1938−1939 spends Summer with Le Corbusier in Wesel; from September to March located in the United States, where does wall paintings for the apartment of Nelson A. Rockefeller, Jr. Reads a course of eight lectures at Yale University on the theme: «Color in architecture». In Paris, the artist carries out sketches of the scenery for the play by J. R. Block, «the birth of the city», set on stage, hosted at the Winter velodrome 1940−1945 Lives in exile in the United States. He taught at Yale University (ibid. teach Fashion, Millau, Maurois). Gives «Composition with two parrots» new York Museum of modern art. Summer lectures at the College of Millis where he arranged the exhibition of his paintings. Begins work on series «Divers». Exhibited in the gallery of Paul Rosenberg. Found in Pierre Matisse and other artists-refugees, strikes up a friendship with father R. P. Couturier. Makes a series of drawings for a film of Hans Richter’s «Dreams that you can buy for the money.» Exhibitions: Museum of art Fogger, Cambridge; gallery Valentina and gallery Samuel Kootra, new York; gallery Louis Caret, Paris. In December 1945 Vozvrashaetsja in France. Also in 1945 he became a member of the French Communist party. 1946−1947 Father R. P. Couturier eating a léger mosaic and stained glass for a Church in Plateau d’assy, which the artist graduated in 1949 at the Sorbonne Reads the report in the course of lectures on «Labour and culture». Exhibition in the gallery of Louis Caret, Paris. The summer of 1947 a year spent in Normandy. 1948 Performs a scenery for the ballet «Steel gallop» by Prokofiev for the Ballet des Champs elysées. Along with his disciples prepares the room for the International Congress of women in Paris, Porte de Versailles. In June, together with Dilem shall preside at the inaugural meeting of the international Association of film art at the Art school of the Louvre, and is also present at the first festival of this Association. Travels to Poland to attend the world Congress of culture in defence of peace in wrocław. Along with Bazin and Dilemmas involved in the debate «Contemporary art» in Brussels and Antwerp. 1949 Retrospective exhibition at the National Museum of modern art, Paris. Writes the text and performs drawings for the album «Circus», published by Tériade. Performs the illustrations to Rimbaud’s «Illumination», sketches of scenery and costumes for the Opera of Darius Milhaud’s «Bolivar». Together with Roland Brice does in Biot first ceramic work. 1950 completes the painting «the Builders». The exhibition at the Tate gallery, London. Executes a mosaic for the crypt of the monument to the American heroes in Bastogne (Belgium). Tools in Biot ceramic workshop. Present at the lighting of the Church in Plateau d’assy. 1951 Exhibits in the gallery of lerisa first polychrome sculpture and at the Triennale in Milan as a great composition. In September makes 17 stained glass Windows and a tapestry for the Church at Audincourt. During a bout of sciatica is located in Chevreuse. 1952 In February, is married to Nadia Hodoseevka, 1942, the former listener of his Academy, and then his assistant. Settled in the quarter of Gros-Tial in GIF-Sul-Yvette. April — exhibition and lecture at the Kunsthalle in Bern; other exhibitions: Museum of Antrim; gallery Take and Louis Caret, Paris; gallery of Sydney Janice, new York. Participates in the 26th Biennale in Venice. Panels for a large conference room of the UN building in new York. The scenery and costumes for the ballet staged Jannini Ball in Amboise. 1953 a travelling exhibition in Japan, exhibitions in the Gallery of modern art, new York, at the art Institute, Chicago, and San Francisco; exhibition of colored sculptures in the gallery of Louis Kara. Lecture «Contemporary art» in Brussels. Illustration to the poem of Eluard’s «Liberty». 1954 Mosaics and stained glass Windows for the University of Caracas, ordered Raul Villanueva; stained in Caracas for the Innocent Palacios; stained glass Windows for the Church in Courfaivre; preparatory sketches for Memorial hospital in Saint-Lô, opened in 1956. Exhibits paintings of «a Country walk» and «the Big parade» in the House of French thought; the exhibition in the gallery Quads. 1955 the First sketches for «the battle of Stalingrad». Trip to Czechoslovakia for the games. Wall painting of the building enterprises «GAZ de France» in Alfortville. Receives the Grand Prix at the Biennale and San Paolo. Retrospective exhibition at the Lyon Museum. Dying on 17 August in the town of GIF-sur-Yvette in Ile-de-France. He was buried in the local cemetery. Commemorative exhibition in honor of Fernand Leger in the Gallery of Moët.
On August 3, 1914, Germany declared war on France. From that day on, in the next four years the Parisian newspaper "Le Figaro" would lead a terrible account of the days. On November 11, 1918 the morning issue of the newspaper contained the message: "The 1561st day of War". Newsmen didn't know that day would be the last one, and the Parisians were leery of enjoying the signs of the end of the war…
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Creative work is something personal, even intimate. However, in art history, there were quite a number of instances when artists did not only work in co-operation, but lived side by side. Arthive will give an overview of some European art colonies where painters and sculptors admired beautiful landscapes, drank, debated, and in the meantime, created masterpieces, styles, and artistic movements.
Artworks by the artisttotal 179 artworks