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Maria
Klavdievna Tenisheva (Pyatkovskaya)

Russia 
1867−1928
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Biography and information

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He took lessons from I. Repin. Founded a private art school in Smolensk, and St. Petersburg (the last one time charge of I. E. Repin). In her estate Talashkino gathered artists, musicians; there were organized workshops of art and crafts. In the late 1890s was close to the circle of artists grouped around the magazine "World of art", and subsidized its publication. In 1896--1897 Ilya Repin painted a series of portraits of M. K. Tenisheva. Referred to J. D. by Minchenkova portrait-charcoal drawing was exhibited at the 28th traveling exhibition 1900

20 may 1867, St. Petersburg — April 14, 1928, Saint-cloud, near Paris

Contemporaries called Duchess Maria Tenisheva Tenishevs (nee - Patkowska, by her stepfather - Maria von Moricone Dezna) "pride of all Russia". Fate has generously endowed the Tenishevs, the outstanding enlightener and patron of arts, communication, friendship with svetleishii minds of the era — Repin, Turgenev, Tchaikovsky, Mamontov, Vrubel, Korovin, Roerich, Benois, Diaghilev, Malyutin, Serov.

It largely contributed to the augmentation of their glory: subsidized (together with S. I. Mamontov) edition of the magazine "World of art", financially supported creative activity Benois, Diaghilev and others. Remember them, and her name just now returned from obscurity...

Childhood and youth Maria was unhappy: rich mother openly disliked the illegitimate daughter and "out of sight" gave her in marriage to an ordinary man, unloving and unloved. Several years of misery, divorce.

Like a second birth for her was in 1892 second marriage to Prince Vyacheslav Nikolayevich Tenisheva by the largest Russian industrialist. (Tenishev subsidized the construction of Russia's first factory car, was one of the pioneers of Electromechanical production.).

She was in her twenty-sixth year, he was forty-eight. However, my husband's family the bride is not recognized, and in the genealogy of princes Tenishevs Maria Tenisheva and was not entered. The Tenishev gave Maria Tenisheva, in addition to spiritual support, the princely title, status, and opportunity to realize themselves as a well-known and of philanthropist.

It was created by the School vocational students (near Bryansk), there are several elementary public schools in St. Petersburg and Smolensk, together with Repin organized drawing school offers courses to train teachers.

2.

Contemporaries called Duchess Maria Tenisheva Tenishevs (nee - Patkowska, by her stepfather - Maria von Moricone Dezna) "pride of all Russia". Fate has generously endowed the Tenishevs, the outstanding enlightener and patron of arts, communication, friendship with svetleishii minds of the era — Repin, Turgenev, Tchaikovsky, Mamontov, Vrubel, Korovin, Roerich, Benois, Diaghilev, Malyutin, Serov.

It largely contributed to the augmentation of their glory: subsidized (together with S. I. Mamontov) edition of the magazine "World of art", financially supported creative activity Benois, Diaghilev and others. Remember them, and her name just now returned from obscurity...

Childhood and youth Maria was unhappy: rich mother openly disliked the illegitimate daughter and "out of sight" gave her in marriage to an ordinary man, unloving and unloved. Several years of misery, divorce.

Like a second birth for her was in 1892 second marriage to Prince Vyacheslav Nikolayevich Tenisheva by the largest Russian industrialist. (Tenishev subsidized the construction of Russia's first factory car, was one of the pioneers of Electromechanical production.).

She was in her twenty-sixth year, he was forty-eight. However, my husband's family the bride is not recognized, and in the genealogy of princes Tenishevs Maria Tenisheva and was not entered. The Tenishev gave Maria Tenisheva, in addition to spiritual support, the princely title, status, and opportunity to realize themselves as a well-known and of philanthropist.

It was created by the School vocational students (near Bryansk), there are several elementary public schools in St. Petersburg and Smolensk, together with Repin organized drawing school offers courses to train teachers.

3.

In 1911 Tenisheva donated the famous Smolensk, Russia's first Museum of Ethnography and Russian decorative art "Russian antiquity". Museum of Emperor Alexander III (now the State Russian Museum) gave a large collection of watercolors by Russian artists.

She herself was a wonderful artist and amalura. Her work has been exhibited in Paris, gained the unanimous approval of the professional artists (a thing unprecedented for a woman, besides foreign women), Italy — the homeland of the enamel, in London, Brussels, and Prague.

As an artist, collector and researcher of art Tenisheva was elected a member of several European academies, she was invited to head the Moscow archaeological Institute, the Department of the history of enamel cases.

In 1900, Nicholas II appointed Mr. Vyacheslav Tenishev chief Commissioner of the Russian Department at the world exhibition in Paris. This section made a splash — largely thanks to the work of Mary Klavdievny. In his memoirs Tenisheva wrote that her "attempts and initiatives in Russia were attributable only fantasy, ambition, and the whims of a spoiled woman."

Sometimes couldn't understand her and the husband. Versatile educated man, a fine musician, a prominent ethnographer, Amateur archeologist, he, however, did not share the passion of Mary Klavdievny old, did not approve of her friendship with the artists.

He wanted to see his wife only a classy lady. Still, the Prince helped Maria Tenisheva, generously subsidizing its beginnings. They lived together for eleven years: in 1903 Tenisheva did not. Maria Klavdievna Tenisheva was destined to die in exile, in Paris

(Fatekh Vergasov)

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