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Dmitrievna Lebedeva (Darmolatova)


Biography and information


Famous sculptor, Honored Artist of the RSFSR, corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Arts. Born in 1892 in St. Petersburg. She studied at private schools in Bernstein, Zvantseva, with Sherwood, with Goldblat. She studied art abroad. Since 1915 he has been working in his own workshop. N ZIKe 1934 - 1936 She created a tea set for Central Asia, fruit-growers, sculptural studies: "Standing woman with a ball in her hand", "Swimmer", "Woman leaning to a stool", "Sitting boxer" and many others.

[11 (23) .12.1892, Petersburg, - 7.3. 1967, Moscow], Soviet sculptor-portrait painter. Corresponding Member of the Academy of Arts of the USSR (1958), Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1945). In 1910-15 she studied in the workshops of M.D. Bernshtein, L.V. Sherwood and V.V. Kuznetsov. Participated in the implementation of the monumental propaganda plan. Since 1926, a member of the society of Russian sculptors. Worked mainly for bronze. Having experienced the influence of impressionism in early creativity, the features of which are preserved in its mature manner, having gone through the fascination with cubism, L. since the early 1920s. seeks to combine the artistic discoveries of these movements with consistently realistic image principles (portraits: F.E. Dzerzhinsky, 1925, Museum of the Revolution of the USSR, Moscow; A.D. Tsyurupy, 1927, Russian Museum, Leningrad). The works of the 1920-30s. sharp psychologism is inherent, revealing the plastic specificity of the individual appearance of the model and a picturesque-dynamic interpretation of the material that preserves etude immediacy (portraits: V.P. Chkalova, 1936, S.M. Mikhoels, 1939, both in the Tretyakov Gallery). During the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45 and subsequent years, L. replenishes the portrait gallery of his contemporaries (portraits: A. T. Tvardovsky, 1943, Tretyakov Gallery; V. E. Tatlin, 1943–44, Russian Museum; B. L. Pasternak, limestone, 1961–63, Tretyakov Gallery). L. also created a series of portrait figurines, figurines for porcelain and faience, nudes, studies made in the field of monumental plastic and decorative art.

Lit.: Ternovets B., S. Lebedeva, M. - L., 1940; Posthumous exhibition of works ... S. D. Lebedeva. 1892-1967. Catalog, [M., 1969]; [Alpatov M.V. et al.], Sarah Lebedeva, M., 1973.

{M. L. Neumann}

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  • Styles of art
    Socialist realism
  • Techniques
    Ink, Pencil, Casting
  • Art forms
    Graphics, Sculpture, Drawings and illustrations
  • Subjects
    Portrait, Nude
  • Artistic associations
  • Learning
  • Students