Pavlovich Veselov

Russia • 1926−1994

Born in Leningrad in 1926. In 1953 graduated from the faculty of monumental decorative sculpture of Leningrad higher art – industrial school. Studied Graduate work at the school - Trafigura composition "Deers", gypsum, (2.7 m) - model for the Leningrad zoo. Animal painter, in 1956 began to study ceramics (earthenware, porcelain, fireclay, stone weight, terracotta, pollutans.

Since 1963 p. P. Veselov worked at the Leningrad porcelain factory. Created samples for replication.

Participated in national and international exhibitions. At the international ceramics exhibition in Ostend in 1959 he exhibited a series of his works – an ensemble of five sculptures "Giraffes",

The name of the sculptor-animal painter Pavel Pavlovich Veselov little known outside of the Lomonosov porcelain factory (LFZ), despite the fact that a porcelain sculpture replicated his models for about forty years.

P. p. Veselov was born in 1926 in Leningrad, studied at the Leningrad College of industrial arts. V. I. Mukhina at the Department of monumental-decorative sculptures in 1945-1953, V. I. Ingal, and V. L. Simonov. Already during his study, he decided to devote himself to work in the animalistic genre, he worked primarily in sculpture of small forms

Thesis — Veselov model Trekhgorny composition "Deers" for the Leningrad zoo. The emergence of the thesis of the animal genre was in 1952 extremely rare case. Only thanks to a happy coincidence — the award in the same year V. A. Vatagina State prize of the USSR for a group of animalistic works — Veselov allowed work on the subject. At first Veselov worked in monumental and decorative sculpture, 1956 engaged in ceramics. In the ceramics were concentrated in the 1950s the search for a new decorative style. In the field of decorative-monumental sculpture completed the following sculptures: the Allegory of "Autumn" 5 p.m.; "Education", 1, 4 M. (concrete, 1953-54, Sochi, Morskoy Vokzal), Soldier (cement, 1955, Museum of history of Leningrad), Black Panther (granite, 1967) performed a series of garden statues and fountains.

An important event in the life of Veselov was the participation in the International ceramics exhibition in Ostend (Belgium) in 1959. A group of three stylized "Giraffes" received a silver medal, losing the gold by Pablo Picasso. Photograph of the composition was placed in the catalog.

In 1960, at the request of the Director of the Lomonosov porcelain factory Veselov made a smaller repetition olendski "Giraffes"; after this was done a few models for replication on a contractual basis, and since 1963, the sculptor constantly worked at the plant until his death in 1994. In parallel, they were executed a number of works in ceramics and in the field of monumental-decorative art.

The first work of Veselov at the factory was "standing Giraffe", "Giraffe drinking" and "Giraffe leaning" which are, as mentioned above, a reduced replica ceramic giraffes on display in Ostend. They are very different from the other works of the sculptor in China.

The example of "Giraffes" in 1960, you can talk about the characteristic features of creativity — Veselov often occur at the same time two or three solutions for the image of the animal, as one option rarely exhaust for him the essence of the animal or bird. "Animal, animal, I wonder how movable a creature as alive, expressive individuality," wrote V. A. Vatagin. Letting the animal in different poses, the sculptor animates like it, allows you to fully experience their sense of rhythm, character, habits.

With the exception of the above-mentioned "Giraffes" and made for the Olympics-80 souvenir "Olympic bears big and small", stylized in accordance with the graphical representation of the mascot of the games, all the other figurines made in a realistic manner.

Sculpture Veselov, usually deprived of the pedestal, the articulation of its surrounding space, which makes "getting used" to the interior. There are two possible solutions of the sculpture without pedestal — with massive, weighted or with an openwork bottom, when the statue for support just a few points.

Among the sculptures Veselova special place is occupied by feral kids, and in each case found an individual's emotional mood.

Most of the songs Veselova have massive, wide base, such as: "Giraffe head" (1961). The volume of the body here serves as a pedestal for the neck. Painted this "Giraffe" differently than "Giraffes" 1960: the contrast of white and brown is softened by the beige covering almost the entire figure.

Painted animal sculptures at the factory since the mid 1950s is usually performed using the underglaze technique. In this unfired piece with brush or spray applied solutions of metal salts, followed by Glazunovka and firing. The paint changes its color and mixed with frosting, slightly Oliva on the border of the spot. The surface of the sculpture with underglaze brilliant under glaze is matte. Color, usually pale, dominated by a brown, orange and grey shades.

The author of paintings of sculptures Veselov in all the editions called M. V. zhbanova, however Veselov the author of the painting thought of himself, as he painted a plaster model of casks and on its basis prepare a sample of the painting to replicate and picked up the ceramic paint.

In the residential interior of the period 1960-1980 was not so much space for exhibiting the sculptures of small forms that could be the cause of a flattened "odnopestichnyj" compositions, designed to be perceived on the one hand, as examples of "ghazal" (1964). "Deer lying" (1966), "Afghan greyhounds" (1985). As an extreme case "odnofaznogo" decisions should be mentioned that appears in 1976-1977, a series of ten decorative "Fish". The main means of expression of these large, but very flattened "Fish" silhouette and painting.

Relatively few among the sculptures Veselov's works, designed for round-Robin,

with the developed spatial composition. "Giraffe lying" (1961) is perhaps the most successful and spectacular of giraffes Veselov. Like a ballerina, bowed animal

head to hoof, not touching, however, it. Each of the angles gives a new connotation to the perception of motion. Clearance under the elastic curved neck gives the composition easily. Rounded arc contour the silhouette, completing the composition.

In China very beneficial to look feline predators, with plastic, flowing forms. V. A. Vatagin, B.(I.)Y. Vorobiev, T. S. Kuchkina and I. I. Riznich at different times created images of wild and domestic cats; some sculptures executed and Veselov. In 1962, the International exhibition of ceramics in Prague for the sculpture "Cheetah" p. P. Veselov was awarded a silver medal.

"Leopard" in 1969 - one of the best works of the sculptor in China. This is a fairly large sculpture, designed for round-Robin. In profile the head position most pronounced dynamics. Overall, the leopard is represented not as a fearsome predator, but rather like a house cat playing with tail. Unfortunately, the impression spoils the painting, much coarseness for production.

Made in 1990, the sculptural group "the Twins" ("Calves") is a point of perception above. The group has no manure, the deer less closely pressed to the larger brother.

In a separate group can be distinguished porcelain birds Veselov, he loved to watch them, even in his youth dreamed of becoming an ornithologist. His little birds, such as "Kropiwnicki No. 1 and 2", "Redstart", "snow Buntings No. 1 and 2" and others that have a streamlined teardrop-shaped body which is tightly pressed wings. Pointed projecting parts - the ends of the wings, beak and tail are visual "clues" the curved outline of the figure. Painting can match the natural colouring of the birds.

Birds of large size have a complex relief surface, formed, as a rule, grooves, as examples of "Partridges # 1 and 2", similar to pine cones, "Goose" and "Baikal ducks # 1 and 2". Thin bird legs you cannot perform in China, only the "Robins" (1973), tirazhirovatjsya under the name "Robin", they are transferred painted and a small protrusion on the hemispherical base of the statue. Usually the legs marked with rounded lip, this technique is akin to a clay toy. Pubescent powerful legs "Polar partridges" (1971) is the only example where they play the role of real support and performed as a separate volume, the third pivot point is the tail.

"Kulicke" in 1974 - one of the favorite works of the sculptor - clearly isolate individual volumes of the body, head, legs. Veselov managed to convey necklacesthe chick. "Kulichik" complex has a beautiful painted; gray and warm brown blends in grey-blue, the outlines of the spots correspond to the boundaries of the volume.

One time Veselov was fond of collecting eggs, in connection with which often observed the birds on the walls. "They allowed very close, for a few steps, only the pupil from the fear increases," said the sculptor. In connection with this fascination there was a "lapwing" (1982) and "Firstborn" (nestling between eggs) 1983.

"Bird" theme can also be seen in the sculpture "Ermines" (1971). Predatory animal all pumped up, something bothered him, and he froze for a second, jerked his head back but not releasing from the teeth of the stolen eggs.

In 1994 Veselov was asked to make some birds on pedestals, but the sculptor seemed boring mechanically to add to the figures of the foot, and he does "Hummingbird on flower" and a series of multi-figure compositions:"a Seagull with nestling" (the mirror repeats "the Seagull" 1973), "Kropiwnicki on the grass", "Partridge with Chicks" (painted plaster). Interesting composition "swallow's nest" (painted plaster) - it should be mounted on the wall.

Miniature sculptures Veselova relatively few, they have some features associated with the conditions of perception — close, in hand. They are distinguished by the integrity of the silhouette and generalized modeling of basic amount of fine work on small parts.

The first time the thumbnail was cute little "mouse" (1961), tirazhirovatjsya in the 1990s, in the year of the Mouse; particularly "fruitful" in small figures was 1964, when there were two versions of "Chipmunk" and pair "Squirrel" and "Squirrel of the North." These figurines are distinguished by the dynamism and sophistication of the silhouette.

Beautiful "Deer lying" in 1966, slightly turned to the right head on a slightly curved neck softens the symmetry of the hoof resting posture with bent legs, the small branches of the horns enliven the silhouette.

In 1985, Veselov has proposed to make salt and pepper shakers in the form of sculptures. According to him, ordering of difficulty is not caused, so there was a series of instruments to spice up the "Fun" of the six cubs, holding the pots with holes.

Another order for Cutlery, this time in an egg Cup, was made in 1992. This two Teddy bears sitting facing each other and pulling each to his egg.

Bears are not just found among the works Veselov. in addition to these, you can still remember "First fungus" (1971), echoing the stone sculpture, and miniature "Beary" in 1994, a surprisingly subtle prolapsing. This fine study did not have sculptures of earlier times. As the group "Twins", it is designed to be perceived mainly at the top.

In the mid-1980s to the Russian fashion comes to the Chinese calendar, in this regard, there is demand for small figurines of the mascots of the year. Usually the task was taken from several sculptors. Made to the year of the Tiger "Tiger small" (1986) is almost identical to the song "Leopard small" (1971). In accordance with the size of the statues, the sculptor gives here the simplified coloring short, slightly curved strokes. The "dragon" Veselov, 1988 (dragon), was rejected, but was adopted by a set of monkeys "Brooding" and "Screaming" (1992). In his "Monkeys" Merry tried to convey two opposite emotional States — calm and excited.

"Screaming monkey" is almost the only case among the works of Veselov in China, when an animal expresses negative emotions are usually calm animals.

In 1993, the arts Council rejected the sculpture "Rooster" Veselov. Adopted was a variant of Yeropkina, although the option Veselova more interesting: it has more of the dynamics of the bird as it balances on a hemispherical anvil, spreading wings and stretching his neck. First variant was offered support in the form of an egg, which created a comical situation — the rooster on the egg. "Rooster" Veselov replicated to the New year in 2004.

Among the works Veselov of the late 1980s and the first half of the 1990s, a group of dogs, with the exception of "Spongelike" (1994), the other large enough.

Overview of works by Veselov in recent years, including unfinished, allows us to speak of active creative search in this period. Thus, there are compositions of birds with Chicks and plaster "polar bear with cubs", which before, with the exception of Swallows, 1960, was not. There are new types of composite solutions - wall and designed to be perceived from above ("Gemini", "Mishutka", gypsum "Sleeping cat").

Veselov in China more of a traditionalist than an innovator; he quickly finds his own style, which changed little over three decades.

The list of his works is extensive and includes approximately 90 items. Almost all his work is realistic, to the extent generally, in his later work traced the desire for a bit more detail, Veselov believed that "China loves detail". The texture of the sculptures, as a rule, smooth, surface often formed knockouts and notches. 1990 – senior consultant, the art laboratory of the Lomonosov porcelain factory.

Death of Pavel Pavlovich Veselov in 1994 interrupted the development of his work, but that they were created, allows us to speak about him as a considerable master whose works define the face of the Leningrad porcelain figurines 1960-1990-ies.

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