Biography and informationEdit
Biography of the famous Tomsk artist who has made a significant contribution to the artistic life of the city, the development of art in the city, still is not recoverable. This can be attributed to one of the paradoxes of the history of Russian culture in General. August Kapustin was related to famous people in the Russian science. First, she was the sister of a Professor of Tomsk University F. Y. Kapustin, the nephew of D. I. Mendeleev. Meanwhile, still failed to find anywhere else any memories of her, or even in connection with our childhood Popov, because such memories are simply not published. Therefore, the history of the life and work of the artist was able to recover very schematically on the basis of archival sources, newspaper articles, mostly Siberian, exhibition catalogues with her.
Born August Stepanovna 15 Oct 1863 (old style) in the village of turinskie rudniki of Verkhotursk district – a large village of the Perm region (now Yekaterinburg Tyumen region), where her father served as a priest. As stated in one of the documents submitted by it to the AH.. it "belongs by birth to the title of hereditary honorary citizen." The set of postcards "A. S. Popov", publishing house "Planeta", Moscow, 1984 published sketch, made by Augusta of Kapustin. The family was large. At Augusta, which was the 4th child, had two brothers and 4 sisters. To draw, probably started very early, because it is already 17 years old, visited the Academy of arts in St. Petersburg as the auditors. In Petersburg at that time lived with her older brothers. Raphael published in the "Exchange news", was the editor and sole employee of the magazine "World Herald", and worked in Nekrasov's Sovremennik. Alexander graduated from St. Petersburg University. In January 1881 for drawing translated in a figure class, in 1884 completes the full scientific course, in August, 1886 Kapustina moved to the last field class (RGIA F. 189. Op. 11. D. 128. L. 12 vol.). Further studies intermittently until 1890. During these years, married a friend and colleague of his brother, Fedor Kapustin physics. A student, future artist showed talent and diligence, and in 1890 for work done in a sketch class, was awarded a small silver medal. His studies were interrupted in connection with the appointment of her husband in Tomsk. In 1890, the same year he received the title of class artist of historical painting, at his own request, due to the fact that he could not continue his studies further. What is known is that she was talking in 1894 at the Academy to allow her to visit the Studio of one of the professors volnoslushatelnitsey, because she had the opportunity to spend an academic year in St. Petersburg. C 1890 and 1909 Aug she lived in Tomsk, where he became prominent in the cultural history of the city man. She immediately joined in the work of progressive intellectuals of the city organization of the artistic education of Siberians, and in particular, the organization of art education, which at that time in Siberia was impossible to obtain. In the building of a girls ' school on Alexander street (not preserved) in 1890 opened
free classes of technical drawing and handicraft for girls, which began Aug Kapustin. Especially quickened the activities of those classes when August she decided to enter on Sundays, working with nature. The number of students began to arrive every Sunday. Kapustin led these classes for four years. One of the first she opened her own art Studio. Currently, neither the period of existence of the Studio, nor the number of students to recover failed. However, various sources report that the Studio learned the first skills known in the following Century, artists Orzeszko, N. Smolin and N. Sukhova, I. Aronov, later participated in the artistic life of the city.
She did not leave in Tomsk and professional work. One of Tomsk artists had a variety of equipment: worked with oil, pastel, A. S. Kapustin at work. watercolor. Diverse was her work and in genres, in the Tomsk period, she created landscapes, genre scenes, still lifes. In 1903 Kapustin, almost the only one who has shown his work at an all-time in Tomsk and in Siberia the exhibition, which staged the St. Petersburg artists.
Great contribution A. S. Kapustin in the development of Tomsk as a cultural capital, began its active work on the organization of the city's society of lovers of the arts. In recognition of her colleagues, all of the load is mainly laid then on the shoulders of two women and, perhaps, the largest for that period of Tomsk artists – L. P. bazanovojj and A. S. Kapustin. It all started in 1908 with a Grand plan to organize the city's annual art exhibition, such was not in any Siberian city. To carry out its need, in the words of the newspaper "Siberian life", "huge efforts and perseverance from a genuine commitment to Tomsk artists". Two months of the artist persistently sought from the town Council permission to hold an exhibition at Gogol house – down to the room in the center that meet the requirements for exhibiting paintings. The exhibition was held at Christmas time in 1908. Six artists: Lydia Bazanova, Aug Kapustina, William Lukin.
Zachary Rokachevsky, Mikhail Scheglov, Nikolay Tkachenko and four student exhibited 350 works of art created in different years, so the exposition had a lot of large finished paintings, and she surprised the audience with a variety of genres and the fact that half of the work was devoted to Siberia.
The First periodic exhibition of Tomsk artists Kapustin showed 47 works. She appeared then the leading master of genre paintings in the Tomsk art environment. It is sufficient to list the titles of works shown at the First periodic exhibition of Tomsk artists to understand that the image of family life – one of her favorite topics: "Family portrait", "Building blocks", "doll", "office", "For solitaire", "Sleeping child". "Behind the book". "The prayer". "On the swing"" on deck". Kapustin girls over in the family had several children. It is clear that the artist had enough field experience to work. Works have not survived, except for one, only one of
them we were able to see the photos from a private collection. It demonstrates complete mastery of composition. Known Tomsk architect T. fishel in a review of the exhibition called her paintings "... purifying the moral atmosphere." She was very impressed by her work at young audiences – high school students N. Kotov and Mikhail Cheremnykh (in the future famous artists): "for a Long time and thoughtfully and we stood around finely painted genre "Dangling string" artist Kapustin". Joined Aug S. in Siberia and in the development of the Siberian theme, talking about such names exhibited her works: "Cherkovna", "Vagrant-basket", "Migrant", although this
works, another critic A. Adrianov refused to "vitality" in the faces and the clarity of the author's thought. Repeatedly in the summer the artist went to work on location in the Altai mountains, where they had brought the image of the Altai and of nature, for example: "Manzherok threshold", "the Church in Manzherok", "Katun", "Maralnik", "there is the tribute girl" and others. In Tomsk, she enthusiastically wrote a portrait of the Altai shaman Mania, speaking with the rite. Great training, knowledge and progressive view of art
showed it in a review in Tomsk print solo exhibitions of other artists. For example, in
great article 3-4 "Tomsk theatre" in 1906, having become acquainted with another very prolific Tomsk exhibition of the painter V. D. Vuchichevich., she warned him from the factory" working method, i.e., the endless repetition for the sake of the audience worked motifs. Subtly noticing the dignity of the individual works, advised Vucicevic what we can not agree, knowing his paintings, "work much and really with nature", a deeper insight into the specificity of the Siberian nature and to pay more attention to conveying the mood. Enthusiastically welcomed it in 1909 talented impressionist A. Nikulin, a well-educated artist, teacher, who brought their work from Barnaul to the exhibition in Tomsk. Its fresh, bold paintings filled with light and color, she called "good medicine" for Tomic, "against banality and tastelessness".
After departure from Tomsk in 1909, she did not break ties with their peers, in particular, helped to organize the participation of a large group of Tomsk artists in the I all-Russian Congress. The artist lived a long life. Unfortunately, data on St. Petersburg, the Leningrad period of her work we do not have. We were not able to obtain information about this, nor her descendants, nor from the archive of literature and art of St. Petersburg. Perhaps some new data will be when it is published that the bio-bibliographic dictionary "Artists of Russia" with the letter "P" where the drafters intend to include information about the artist.
(the author - I. P. Tyurina, a report of the club of local lore “Old Tomsk” for 2004)
Catalogue of the works kept in the Tomsk regional art Museum
1. BEHIND THE BOOK. 1900s
B., AKV. 20.2 x 19.7 in. Bottom right: A. Kapustina Tomsk
Post. of TOKM in 1982
Exhibitions: I periodic. Tomsk, 1908-1909. No. 81; Artists Of Tomsk. Tomsk, 1966; The Memory Of I. E. Repin.
Tomsk, 1994. P. 16; the Ladies ' world. Tomsk, 1994.
Literature: Catalogue TOHM.With. 121 ("portrait of a woman").
Oil on canvas. 67 x 87
Of TOKM in 1982, where post. until 1933
Catalogues of museums: Catalogue TOHM. Tomsk, 1993. P. 69.
W – 670
3. PORTRAIT of PROFESSOR F. Y. KAPUSTIN. Etude
Oil on canvas. The 38.2 x 52.5
Post. from E. G. Klangschau-Popova (Leningrad) в1982,earlier at Fn. Korolkova (Leningrad) - the grandson of J. F. and
A. S. Kapustin Girls Over
Exhibition: The Memory Of I. E. Repin. Tomsk, 1994. P. 10; Tomsk art. Tomsk, 1999. C. 18.
Catalogues of museums: Catalogue TOHM. Tomsk, 1993. S. 71.
Kapustin, Fedor Yakovlevich (1856-1936) - Professor at the physics Department of Tomsk University 1889-1909.
The founder of a number of scientific fields in physics in Siberia, in particular radiology,
meteorology and seismology. Nephew of D. I. Mendeleev University comrade Popov. Husband
artist. Founding member TOLCH.
4. The STORYTELLER. Etude
Oil on canvas. 35.5 x 26
Post. of TOKM in 1982,Budapest.isabr. E. G. Mako-Tyumentsevoj (Tomsk) in 1955
Exhibitions: The Artists Of Tomsk. Tomsk, 1966; Siberian pre-revolutionary portrait. Irkutsk, 1987 ?;
The Memory Of I. E. Repin. Tomsk, 1994. P. 10; Tomsk art. Tomsk, 1999. C. 18. 51(Pb.).
Literature: P. D. Muratov Play. among the reproductions without numbering; Siberian portrait XVIII - beginning of
XX century in the collections of Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Kyakhta, Novosibirsk, Tomsk, Tyumen, Chita. SPb., 1994. C.
163.Play. No. 87.
Catalogues of museums: Catalogue TOHM. Tomsk, 1993. S. 70 (Pb)
5. TOMSK UNIVERSITY. Etude
Oil on canvas. 30 x 3 5,5
Post. from E. G. Klangschau-Popova (Leningrad) in 1982, previously F. N. Korolkova - grandson of F. I. and A. S.
Kapustin girls over
Exhibition: The Memory Of I. E. Repin. Tomsk, 1994. P. 10; Tomsk art. Tomsk, 1999. 51 p. (Pb.).
Catalogues of museums: Catalogue TOHM. Tomsk, 1993. S. 71.
W – 437
B. pastel. Of 40.8 x 32.5
Post. of TOKM in 1982, where post. until 1923
Exhibition: The Memory Of I. E. Repin. Tomsk, 1994. P. 16; the Ladies ' world. Tomsk, 1994.
Literature: Catalogue TOHM.With. 121.
In addition, the archive TOHM there are 2 photos with the academic work of the artist.