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Francesco Salviati
Francesco
 Salviati
Italia 1510−1563
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Born in Florence in a family of a weaver. He studied in the Studio of Andrea del Sarto. In his younger years he enjoyed the patronage of cardinal Giovanni Salviati, on whose invitation in 1530 is in Rome. In 1538 accepts the order of his patron to participate in the painting of the Church of Saint Giovanni Decollato.In 1539 Salviati undertook a mission to Venice, in 1540-ies, lives and works mainly in Florence and Rome. In 1556-1557, the artist visited Fontainebleau, where his style has earned him the recognition. Salviati was also a great portraitist.The artist died in Rome in 1563.

The Italian artist. Francesco, called also Cecchino, was the son of a Florentine weaver. The name Salviati came to him from the cardinal - his first patron on his arrival of the artist in Rome (1531).

Salviati belongs to a generation of masters that came after Pontormo, Giulio Romano, Rosso, Perino del Vaga, and his art perfectly describes the second phase of mannerism, along with the art of Primaticcio, Bronzino and Daniele da Volterra. Salviati since childhood, was a friend of Vasari, with whom he passionately studied the drawings and works of the great masters in Florence and then in Rome. He was also influenced by his stay in the workshop of Andrea del Sarto and Rosso the art, as evidenced by his early studies sanguine. Like most of the Florentine artists, Salviati added their education in the workshop of a goldsmith, where he acquired a taste for metal objects of complex shape. Like many of his contemporaries, the fame came to Salviati by temporary decorations, arranged on the occasion of the celebrations. So, in 1535, he wrote grisaille compositions for the triumphal arch erected in Rome in honor of Charles V. since 1532 there in Rome he writes, "the Annunciation" (C. San Francesco). In 1537 Pietro Luigi Farnese, son of Pope Paul III, instructs the artist to fulfill holiday decorations; Salviati, probably remained in the service of this family until 1544. Stay in Venice in 1539-1540, where the artist worked on the order Grimani (plafond painting "Apollo and Psyche"), and created the song "the descent from the cross" (C. Madonna with the rosary), aroused his interest in large decorative works. The Wizard "SV. Families" and the famous "Mercy" (Florence, Uffizi), which is dominated by the influence of Parmigianino, Salviati was also a prolific portraitist (portraits of men - Rome, Gal. Column, Vienna Museum of art history), but his portraits are still a little distinguishable from the works of his contemporaries. Along with this, the artist also known as one of the greatest decorators 1540-1560. In 1544, Duke Cosimo 1 de Medici invited him to Florence to paint the hall of receptions at the Palazzo Vecchio; these large compositions on the theme "the History of Camille" United by a common decorative system depicting allegorical figures, natural elements, trophies. All of the animated epic and fantastic spirit, but other than Vasari. Later decorative work in the Palazzo Farnese in Rome ("Festival of the family Farnese"), and especially in the Palazzo Sacchetti occupy a considerable place among the similar works of the XVI century Salviati was inspired by the monumental style of about 1550 Michelangelo (painting in Oratorio del Gonfalone), but his relationship with Primaticcio and France, where, according to Vasari, he was in 1554 - 1555, is still uncertain, as this trip did not reach us any of the work ("the Unbelief of St. Thomas", Paris, Louvre, comes from the chapel of the Florentines in Lyon). Its disturbing, always unsatisfied temperament, extraordinary imagination, exquisite taste and a kind of romanticism, Salviati, close Polidoro da Caravaggio, the true heir, which he is. His multi-faceted talent manifested itself in many different areas, from sketches of tapestries and book illustrations and finishing jewelry. His work represents the quintessence of Italian manners and of art.

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