Biography and informationEdit
(1895, Madona County - 1959, new York) in Paris dates back to 1924 (with the support of the Cultural Fund). In the summer of 1927 in Paris Libert represented Latvia at the first Congress of the world Union of the theatres. In the autumn of the same year held the first exhibition of his paintings at the Paris gallery Charpentier. Among the presented works there were sketches of theatrical scenery. Several works acquired by the Ministry of culture and the Museum of applied arts of the Louvre. Sèvres porcelain factory invited the artist to paint their porcelain in order to subsequently include them in the collection of his Museum. Significant place in the landscape Liberta 1920-ies-1930-ies is the Paris theme.
Born 1895.13. April in the County of Madonna, tirza, Latvia – died 1959.11.March in new York, USA .
Painter, stage designer, an outstanding figure of the Latvian culture.
The first impetus to engage in the art from the artist V. Zeltina. Visited art Studio of Y. Madernieks. He studied from 1911. up to 1912. in art and industrial school im. Stroganov at the Department of sculpture in Moscow. Graduated from the Kazan art school (1915) where he studied with Russian artist Nikolay Feshin. And with 1913. up to 1914. years worked as decorators at the Kazan Opera.
Takes part in the First world war as a gunner. Awarded for merits on the battle field. In 1921. year the artist returned to Latvia and started to draw.
With 1923. – 1932. - a teacher at the Latvian Academy of arts.
1942. – 1944. - head of the workshop of Figurative painting.
1924. – 1937. working as a set designer and Director in the National Opera of Latvia and abroad in Lithuania, Finland, Sweden, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia
With 1935. – 1940. and from 1941. – 1944. – Liberts was the Director of the State printing works of securities and kawanee day.
In 1938. year he executed a work order associated with representatlve premises of the State President's castle of Riga. Member of the "Riga group" and society "Sadarbs" (1924. – 39.).
At exhibitions participated since 1914, the exhibitions of the cultural Foundation of Latvia, Association of artists "the Green crow" in Latvia and abroad. Participated in the Latvian pavilion at the world exhibition in Paris 1937
Working in Latvia, in the initial period felt some influence of constructivism. After travelling through Western Europe, the lines become softer, rounded shapes, colours softer, more silvery. The influence of impressionism, which later becomes dominant.
Wrote a lot of landscapes the most beautiful cities of Europe – Venice, Paris (at different times of day), Latvian landscapes, the suburbs beyond the river Dvina in Riga – Tornkalns.
Worked in figure genre compositions on the topic of the ancient Latvians, portraits.
In exile after 1944, initially staying in Austria after the second world war in Germany. In this period, writes a lot of tempera, 1947 in Stuttgart issued an album of his works "European Symphony" with the most beautiful spectacles of European cities. In 1950 moved to the United States. Began teaching the class, a tradition of painting in new York city College. In 1953. year the Latvian Association of America gave a sign of respect for the President of the United States Dvaita D. Eisenhower picture of L. Liberts "Tower of Riga", which is then fun at the presidential office Belova home.
In the last stage of his work the reality reflects the vision stage, where the main role is played by animacy and joyful, and sentimental, and stubborn.
The artist's work can be the influx of the large museums of Latvia, France, Austria, Finland, Sweden, Belgium, Russia and America. Did the design of the scenes approximate to 70. performances in Latvia, Lithuania, Russia, Finland, Sweden and Yugoslavia. Creativity L. Liberti dedicated more than 13 monographs, books published in five languages.
1914. – "World of art" travelling exhibition, Kazan,Russia,
1915. – Union youth exhibition in Moscow
1923. – The Grand exhibition of the National University,
1923. – exhibition in the City art Museum together with Conrad Bansom,
1924., 1926., 1928., 1929., 1930., 1932., 1934., 1935., 1936., 1938. – exhibition of society of artists ", Sadarbs",
National exhibition povedenie theater arts – Paris (1926., 1929., 1937.), New York, Chicago, Philadelphia (1926.), Helsinki (1929.), Munich, Zurich, Cologne, Bonn, Wiesbaden, Barcelona (1931.), Vienna, Philadelphia, New York (1936.), Otava (1937.), Vinifera (1938.),
1928. exhibition посвещеная10.anniversary of Latvia
1929., 1930., 1931., 1933. – exhibition of the Autumn salon in Paris,
Exhibition of Latvian art – Oslo (1933.), Moscow, Leningrad (1934.), Helsinki, Tallinn, Tartu, Warsaw, Krakow (1936.), Budapest, Vienna, Prague (1937.), Copenhagen (1938.), Paris, London, Malmö (1939.),
Exhibitions Of Culture Foundation - I (1935.), II (1936.), III (1936./37.), IV (1937./38),
1937. – exhibition in the pavilion of Latvia in Paris
1941. The first exhibition of fine arts of the Latvian SSR,
1942. – art exhibition in Riga
1946. – 1950. - exhibition of Latvian artists in Germany,
1950. -1958. festive exhibition in Latvian General song festival in USA
1923., 1934., 1938. – Riga,
1927. gallery Charpentier in Paris
1929. – Palais des Beaux-Arts in Brussels,
1931. gallery Gulitta in Berlin
1934., 1938. in Berlin,
1938. – in Stockholm,
1950. – 1959. – in the United States (11), including in new York (9).
1923./24., 1924./25., 1927. – scholarship and prize Fund of Culture,
1928. order of the Three Stars, IV class,
1931. – gold medal in Barcelona
1933. – the order of the North star Sweden,
1934. – Art Academy of Latvia will assign a degree of an outstanding artist
1937. - gold medal at the Grand Prix in Paris
1952. – awarded with the honorary award of the Culture Foundation of the Latvian Association in America.
"Māksla un arhitektūra biogrāfijās", 2. is. - R.: "Latvian encyclopedia", 1996.,- I. Nefedov, 80.p.
"Ludolfs Liberts", catalogue of - R.: "Parekss banka", the text of G. Suitings, I. Kalnina, 2000. – 72.p.