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United States • 1869−1947
Matilda Brown (1869-1947) was an American Impressionist painter, the only woman in the Old Lyme Art Colony.
Born May 8, 1869, in Newark, New Jersey.

As a child, she lived in Newark next door to painter Thomas Moran, known for his landscapes. When Matilda was nine years old, the artist invited the girl to his studio to show her work as a painter. Finding Matilda's natural talent, he began giving her lessons and at twelve years old one of her paintings was shown at an exhibition at the National Academy of Design in New York.

She soon became interested in drawing animals and traveled with her mother from 1869 to Europe, studying with animal painters in France and the Netherlands: with Eleanor and Kate Greatorex, Frederick Freer, Charles Melville Dewey and Julian Dupré in Barbizon; with Henry Bisbing in Holland. In the early 1890s, after moving to New York, Mathilde Brown began to exhibit. In doing so, she continued to develop her skills with the then-renowned landscape and animal painter Carlton Wiggins, who helped her to enter the Old Lyme Art Colony. Here she rented a house on Lime Street in the center of town. Matilda was the only woman in this all-male colony; in those years American artists looked down on women artists.

In the late 1890s Brown worked in Greenwich, Connecticut, in the mid-1900s again in Old Lyme, where she also appeared occasionally in the 1910s and 1920s. Around 1918 she married Frederick Van Wyck, living with her husband in New York City. In 1932 her illustrations were published in a memoir book written by her husband, Recollections of an Old New Yorker.

She died on November 3, 1947, in Greenwich, Connecticut.
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