France • 1860−1943

Biography and information

Henri Martin (FR. Henri Jean Guillaume Martin) - French neo-Impressionists, pointillist, symbolist.
Born in 1860 in Toulouse. His father was a carpenter. Mother was of Italian origin. Martin persuaded his father to allow him to become an artist. He began his study in 1877 at the School of fine arts in Toulouse. In 1879, Martin relocated to Paris, where, due to his previous knowledge, was able to continue training in the Studio of Jean-Paul Laurens.
Four years later he received his first medal at the Paris Salon, where three years later, in 1886, he held his first exhibition. A year after receiving their medals on the first day Martin was awarded a scholarship to travel to Italy, where he studied the works of old masters such as Giotto and Masaccio.
Soon he left academia and became interested in neo-impressionism but in a more casual manner than prescribed by the theory: broad and short strokes of his brush are separated and parallel, form and light are created in the perfect chromatism and subordinated to thought. His manner close to the divisionism of Seurat Zh.
In Italy he developed his own style, calling it "divisionism" (separate brush strokes). Work in this style of 1889, presented at the Paris Salon, brought him the Gold medal, but critics have identified as pointillism. In the same year he became a member of the Legion of honor. He has written several unusually large for neo-impressionism paintings and gained a great calling when he exhibited them in a solo exhibition at the Mancini Gallery in 1895.
He was commissioned to execute some important frescoes in the Paris city hall in 1895, and the new huge building of the Capitol of Toulouse (1903-1906). In 1900 at the world Fair, he was awarded the Grand Prix for their work.
Since 1900 he resided in Kersey, and later moved to Labastide-du-Vert. The lot region became the center of his inspiration. Henri Martin has created a series of paintings, the most complete and finished, inspired by the landscapes of the South of France and carried away by the search for new lighting solutions.
Although Martin's work as a neo-are not deemed fundamental, his works enjoyed success and became the world classics of painting as neo-impressionism, and symbolism.
At the same time, moving away from the characteristic of the symbolists, in his landscapes he retained the poetics of mystery of the atmosphere and space. The artist used inspiration of the forms (both the traditional images and allegories).
In Labastide-du-Vert Martin lived most of his life and died in 1943
Most of his works are exhibited in the Museum of the city of Cahors (former bishops), which is named after him.
Source: liveinternet.ru