Allan Kaprow (eng. Allan Kaprow; August 23, 1927, Atlantic city, USA – April 5, 2006, Encinitas, schoolA) American painter and art theorist, who coined the concept of "installation" and "happenings". A big part of my childhood, Kaprow was held on a ranch in Arizona. Life there gave him a feeling of community, collective activities, which will be decisive in his future artistic career. Kaprow studied in several educational institutions, she studied painting and philosophy, received a master's degree in art history. 1953 began teaching, which will last almost until his death. In 1958, Kaprow wrote his famous essay "the Legacy of Jackson Pollock", in which for the first time uses the term "happenings". In the same text he States that craftsmanship and permanence should be forgotten and the art can and should be used and short-lived materials.
Features artist Allan, Kaprow: his creativity was formed under the influence of abstract expressionism, particularly action painting. Although in the end, Kaprow borrowed from here only "action", making the emphasis on physical interaction between the artist and his work. In the late 40's-early 50's, he creates his first collages and assemblages with found objects. The first happenings, Kaprow spends in the late 1950s. One of the main goals of these performances was the destruction of the so-called "fourth wall" between the artist and the observer. But by the late 60s, Kaprow begins to distance itself from Association of his name with the happenings because this kind of art very quickly turned into mainstreamy. After that, the artist focuses on "activities" - intimate, often domestic scenes involving one or two people.
Author: Eugene Sidelnikov