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Yakovlevich Tretyakov

Russia • 1926−1989

Biography and information

Painter. Member of the Union of artists of the USSR.

Born December 11, 1926 in the village of Mala Cherga Selenskogo district of Gorno-Altai Autonomous region, died on 1 APR 1989 in Omsk. Omsk famous artist of the "sixties" graphic artist, painter, muralist.


1936 – began studies at the school farm Kosh-Agach district, where his father worked as a laborer.

1937 – the tagg family moved to the village Chibit the same area. Tretyakov addicted to reading at the local library.

1943 – graduated from the 7 classes and went to work in the Hg mine in Aktash laboratory technicians chemical laboratory.

1946 – resigned from the mine and arrived in Omsk for admission to art school, which, as it turned out, was closed in the first year of the war. Participated in exhibitions of Amateur art gets prizes.

1947 – began his studies at the Alma-ATA theatrical art school. N. In. Gogol no scholarships and dorms. Teachers: Mr F. Podkovyrov, Professor graduate of the Academy of arts Abram Markovich Cherkassky, in addition, undergone the influence of sculptor Isaac Yakovlevich of Itkinda.

1952 – graduated from College with honors and direction to continue his artistic education in Leningrad Institute of painting, sculpture and architecture. I. E. Repin, which he refused.

1952-1958 – each summer participates as an artist and photographer in the scientific and ethnographic expeditions of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, exploring the southern and Western regions of Kazakhstan. In his first expedition, 1952 in Merke district of Zhambyl region met his future wife, who defended his thesis at the Institute of Ethnography of the USSR Academy of Sciences in Moscow.

1953 – in January, marries Irina V. Zakharova.

1953-1954 – At the invitation of Pavel Yakovlevich Zaltsman works at the Alma-ATA film Studio of feature films of "Kazakhfilm". Participated in the design of the movie: "Kozy Korpesh and Bayan-Sulu", "Poem about love", "Girl-gitgit".

1954 – exhibited at the Republican exhibition of artists of Kazakhstan (Alma-ATA).

1955 – hired by the art Fund of the Union of artists of the Kazakh SSR.

1957 – first personal exhibition in the premises of the Union of artists of Kazakhstan (Alma-ATA). For the first time participated in all-Union art exhibition in Moscow.

1958 – participates in the decade of Kazakh art in Moscow. Accepted as a member of the Union of artists of the USSR.

1959 – the publishing house "Soviet artist" (Moscow) leaves the reproduction of his work "Carpet". Winter 1959-1960 – held in the Altai.

1960 – state of health moves with his family from Almaty to Omsk.

1961 – solo exhibition at the artists ' House. Omsk.

1961 – works on the creative cottage "Hot key". Mastering the techniques of linogravura, prints on metal.

1963 – the "City" begins a long series of "Urban landscapes" of the artist. Watercolor "Woman with bowl" opens the series "Altai motives." Masters of monumental painting, making paintings on the Palace of weddings in Omsk (together with N. M By Bryukhanova E. M. Krumins).

1967 – the trip to the North of Siberia, the "Northern series". In the Omsk book publishing house comes out with a booklet "N. Tretyakov".

1968-1989 – operates in the Commission of monumental-decorative art, artists ' Union of Russia, member of the Board of Omsk branch of Union of artists of the RSFSR.

1971 – prize of the Union of artists of the RSFSR for the relief of the "defense of the gains of October".

1974 – Solo exhibition. Omsk, Novosibirsk.

1974-1975 – participated in the exhibition four artists in Omsk. Moscow, Leningrad, Tallinn, Krasnoyarsk.

1975 – trip to Vladimir and Suzdal. A series of "Church of the Vladimir land." Participation in the exhibition of Omsk artists in Hungary. Budapest.

1984 – trip to the Altai.

1987 – personal exhibition. Omsk.

1989, April 1 – died in his workshop.

1992 – solo exhibition.

1993 – the year of the Artist Tretyakov in Omsk.

The Works Of N. I.Tretyakov are in Museum collections: state Tretyakov gallery, state Russian Museum,Omsk,Barnaul,Almaty,Kemerovo,Krasnoyarsk,Tomsk,Chita; in private collections and abroad.


Unique artistic world N. I. Tretyakov did not come immediately. The very birth of the Altai Republic had its own value. While training in Alma-ATA theatrical art school teacher Abram Markovich Cherkassky was able to show a talented young artist a different way than the average level of schoolboy studies he taught him to write "not right." The most important stage in becoming an artist was working in Ethnographic expeditions and at the Studio. Where Tretyakov was able to understand the value of national traditions, capabilities decorative, strength and power of ancient art. From each expedition Tretyakov brought several hundred papers. The late 50s is a period of success. He moved in 1960 in Omsk, N. I. Tretyakov gets in, starts to develop a special creative atmosphere. Changes in the development of Soviet art in the late 1950's-early 1960-ies, radically affected the artistic life of Omsk. Tretyakov finds its place among the talented young artists N.M. Bryukhanov, V. V. KUKULCAN, E. A. Kupriyanov, R. F. Cherepanov, G. A. Shtanov, S. K. Belov, A. A. Chermoshentsev, M. I., Slobodin, demonstrating the diversity of individuals, a wide amplitude of searches for new expressive means of art. Creativity for Tretyakov was not just a profession, and not expression, but the meaning of life. Master grew up in the Creator. Tretyakov himself said of himself that he became a researcher. The graphic language of Tretyakov is influenced by his fascination with the monumental and the decorative arts, he was the first among the Omsk artists began to explore the specificity of monumental art, was one of the first Soviet Union of artists, who refused the asceticism of the language of monumental forms, began to complicate, diversify, deepen. To the its heyday he was as a painter a universalist in his Arsenal: painting, different graphic techniques, sculpture, monumental technology. After the N attempts.With. Regulatory Khrushchev to revive the art of socialist realism in meetings with the creative intelligentsia in Moscow, began a period of conflict with officialdom, when the artist has gained momentum, found their own language. In the Tretyakov labeled "formalist" and even "German expressionist". There were difficulties with the orders, the artist does not adjust to the taste of the customer. The impetus for a new stage began the trip home in 1964. Appeared significant long series of works "Memory of childhood". In this series of improvisations compositional space is mounted, the proportions of things are defined not by reality, but by the significance in the system memories, the system of children's consciousness, easily used "primitive" expressive language. In the mid 1960-ies issued the largest series of works by N. I. Tretyakov "Altai motives." In these works, the artist creates his ideal world, associated and not associated with antiquity and modernity. With these works Tretyakov begins a significant trend in art of Omsk and Siberia – archeoart. From the mid to late 1960s, performed "Northern series", where the artist demonstrates possession of the "Severe style", these works are distinguished by the monumentality of sound, citizenship, expressive chopped rhythms, solid color. Quite different appears the artist in the works of 1970 – beginning of 1980-ies. Creativity N.I Tretyakova cannot be considered as a kind of evolutionary line from smaller values to larger. Remaining himself, he is different: close to the severe style in the "Northern series", ironic and emotional "Memories of childhood", the mythological and epic in the "Altai motives", in decorative landscapes, psychological portraits.

[edit]artistic credo.

"Beauty in art is something lopsided, krivoglaz, asymmetric, because symmetry is nothing to resent, nothing is calling, she's dead in your terms."

"Something to overcome, it is necessary to achieve this".

"The result of the propaganda of monumental art must not be a result of art, and the difficult process of getting it. It gives interest to the audience and enlightens it, it creates like-mindedness of the artist and the viewer."

"Naturalism is like a serpent that coils around your neck. You cease to think, create, passing in the defense. It keeps the artist in check, providing some kind of tube or well. Thinking is so narrowed that the exhibitions has become difficult otlichit one painter from another. They are the same, stamped with one cliché, with the only difference how was the pressure."

The main works.

Carpet Kazakhstan. 1957. Paper, watercolor. 90х70, Kazakh state art gallery.

Rural holiday. 1964. Paper, watercolor. 64х87. OOMIE.

The city in the evening. 1965. Mixed media on paper. 87х64,5 Omsk, private collection.

Winter evening. 1965. Mixed media on paper. 67,5х64,5 Omsk, private collection.

The memories of childhood. Mixed media on paper. 64х57. OOMIE.

My yard. 1966. Cardboard, mixed technique. 86х86. GEO.

The old woman with a pipe. 1966. Mixed media on paper. 87,1х64,5. OOMIE.

The girl with the lamb. 1966. Mixed media on paper. 85х85. OOMIE.

Pazyryk ancient times. Gouache on paper. 89х65. OOMIE.

Vacationers. 1967. Paper, watercolor. 44х53. Private collection.

The girl with the bowl. 1967. Paper, tempera. 70x70. Private collection.

Attack. 1968. Mixed media on paper,60x80,private collection. Sleeping. 1968. Mixed media on paper. 57х99.Private collection.

Pomors. Gouache on paper. 64,5х90. OOMIE.

Portrait of the artist N. M. Bryukhanova. 1968. Oil on cardboard. 50-50. OGCM.

Attack. 1969. Mixed media on paper. 65х87. OOMIE.

Movement (Old roots). 1970. Tempera on canvas. 120,5х171.

Rural concerns. 1970. Mixed media on paper. 86,5х63,5. OOMIE.

The melody of the ancient times. 1971. Gouache on paper. 64х83,5. OOMIE.

The City Of Fools. 1971. Paper, tempera. 64х87. OOMIE.

Portrait Of N. M. Bryukhanova. Tempera on cardboard. 73х100. OOMIE.

Winged horses. 1973. Mixed media on paper. 73х64. OOMIE.

White horse. 1973. Mixed media on canvas. 85х85. OOMIE.

Reindeer. 1974. Paper, watercolor. 50x60. OOMIE.

Pushkin. 1976. Mixed media on paper. 62х88. OOMIE.

White city. 1977. Paper, tempera. 63х85. GMIO

Monumental-decorative works.

"Youth, "Motherhood". The painting on the facade of the Palace of marriages. Omsk. Co-Authors: N. M. Bryukhanov, E. M. Kruminish. Sgraffito. 1963.

The decorative panels. Painting in the interior of the Palace of culture "Youth". Omsk. Co-Author I. M. Slobodin. Sgraffito. 1964.

"Work", "Rest". Painting in the interior of the Palace of culture "Youth". Omsk. Co-Author I. M. Slobodin. Dry fresco.

"Rural labor." Painting the interior of the school. Omsk oblast, Moskalenskiy district, state farm "Elita". Dry fresco. 1965.

"History of the Russian struggle." Painting of the interior Department of the struggle of the Institute of physical education. Omsk. Co-Author V. V. KUKULCAN. Tempera. 1966.

"Physical culture". Painting of the facade of the pavilion of the stadium. Petropavlovsk. Co-Author N. M. Bryukhanov. Epoxy resin. 1966.

"History of aviation". Painting of the interior of the Museum technical propaganda plant. P. I. Baranov. Omsk. Co-Author G. A. Stabenow. Photoelectrons. 1968-1969.

"Defense of the gains of October". The relief of the facade of the Palace. F. E. Dzerzhinsky. Omsk. Co-Author G. A. Stabenow. Concrete. 1971.

Decorative painting of the shop of the plant. P. I. Baranov. Omsk. Co-Author G. A. Stabenow. Mosaic. Natural stone, smalt. 1971.

"Agriculture". Interior painting Sibniiskhoza. Omsk. Grog. 1972.

"Learning", "Science". Painting the library reading room of meat and dairy College. Omsk. Carving Gibbs. 1973.

The "sport". The painting on the stadium factory cord. Omsk. Oil, wax. 1974.

"Road North". Painting the Banquet hall of the restaurant "Mayak". Omsk. Co-Author V. V. KUKULCAN. Mural. 1975.

"Childhood". Relief decorative pylons at the pool of the Palace of pioneers. Omsk. Co-Author G. A. Stabenow. Concrete. 1975.


1954 – II reporting exhibition of artists Casino. Alma-ATA.

1955 – the Mobile exhibition of works of artists of Kazakhstan. Alma-ATA.

1955 – Republican exhibition of artists of Kazakhstan. Alma-ATA.

1956 – the Republican exhibition of artists of Kazakhstan. Alma-ATA.

1957 – Personal exhibition in the premises of the Union of artists of Kazakhstan. Alma-ATA.

1957 – Republican exhibition of works of Kazakhstan, dedicated to the 40th anniversary of the Oct. Alma-ATA.

1957 – all-Union jubilee art exhibition. Moscow.

1958 – all-Union art exhibition dedicated to 40th anniversary of Komsomol. Moscow.

1958 – the Mobile exhibition of works of Kazakhstan.

1958 – Exhibition of artists of Kazakhstan for the decade of Kazakh art. Moscow.

1959 – Exhibition dedicated to the XXI Congress of the CPSU. Alma-ATA.

1960 – Exhibition "Graphics Of Siberia". Moscow.

1961 – Solo exhibition. Omsk.

1964 – I zonal art exhibition "Siberia socialist". Novosibirsk.

1965 – traveling exhibition "Artists of Siberia". Novosibirsk.

1966 – Exhibition of artists of Siberia. Tyumen.

1966 – Exhibition of artists in honor of the 250th anniversary of the city of Omsk. Omsk.

1967 – II zonal exhibition "the socialist Siberia", devoted to 50 anniversary of Soviet power. Omsk.

1968 – Exhibition of monumental and decorative art. Omsk.

1968 – Regional art exhibition "Artists to October." Omsk.

1968 – Regional exhibition of Omsk artists "Leninist Komsomol is dedicated." Omsk.

1969 – III zonal exhibition "the socialist Siberia" (the 100th anniversary of Lenin's birth). Krasnoyarsk.

1970 – the Regional exhibition of works of Omsk artists, dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the birth of V. I. Lenin. Omsk.

1970 – Exhibition of watercolors and drawings. Omsk.

1971 – Exhibition of artists of Omsk. Omsk.

1974 – Solo exhibition. Omsk. Novosibirsk.

1974 – Exhibition 4 Omsk artists. KUKULCAN V. V., Tretyakov, N. I., Cherepanov, R. F., G. A. Stabenow Moscow, Tallinn, Leningrad, Krasnoyarsk.

1975 – Exhibition of Omsk artists in Hungary.

1977 – the Second all-Russian exhibition of watercolors and drawings. Leningrad.

1980 V zone exhibition "socialist Siberia". Barnaul.

1982 – "the land of Omsk". Exhibition of works of Omsk artists. Omsk.

1984 - "the land of Omsk". Exhibition of works of Omsk artists. Moscow.

1985 – Exhibition of works of Omsk artists, dedicated to 40-anniversary of Victory. Omsk.

1987 – Personal exhibition. Omsk.

1989 – Exhibition "Synthesis" By N. Tretyakov, G. Shtabnov, V. Vladimirov, M. Gerasimov, S. Tarkov. Painting, graphics. Omsk regional Museum of fine arts. Omsk.

1992 – solo exhibition. Omsk regional Museum of fine arts. Omsk.

2002 – Unknown Tretyakov. Recreated prints. Omsk regional Museum. M. A. Vrubel. Omsk.

2006-2007 – Nikolai Tretyakov "dream space" / monumental-decorative art of Omsk 1960 — 1970-ies/ Exhibition dedicated to the 80th anniversary since the birth of Nikolai Yakovlevich Tretyakov. Omsk regional Museum. M. A. Vrubel. Omsk.

2006 – Exhibition "Altai unknown", devoted to the 80 anniversary from the birthday N. I. Tretyakov. Artist's house. Omsk.

2007 – Exhibition of paintings by Nikolai Tretyakov. The visit center of the Altai reserve. The settlement jajlju (Turochaksky district of the Altai Republic).

2007 - the view from the window. Artist's house. Omsk.

Interesting facts.

Creativity N.I.Widely represented in the Tretyakov gallery "art of the twentieth century", Omsk.

A close friend of Nikolai Yakovlevich Tretyakov was the Siberian Soviet poet William Ozolin.


Tretyakov N. I. – Soviet artist. M., 1959.

Tretyakov N. Booklet. Omsk, 1967.

Solovyov-Volyn I. N. The Artists Of Omsk. L., 1972.

Ulyanov N. E. I saw a beautiful. Novosibirsk, 1975.

The works of Omsk artists of the Omsk regional Museum of fine arts. Booklet. The authors of the text Barantseva L., A. Cherniavsky. L., 1978.

Omsk Museum of fine arts. Album. Compiler A. Gontarenko. VST. tbsp Barantsevo. L., 1980.

Nikolai Tretyakov. Exhibition of works. Directory. VST. article P. L. Elfimova. Omsk, 1987.

Yelfimov L. ...Past the stars where dreams are made. Almanac "Irtysh", № 2, 1993.

Yelfimov L. Nikolai Tretyakov. Omsk, 1994. 128 p. Il.

Morochenko, N. Tretyakov Nikolay Yakovlevich // Omsk artists- "sixties" / N. Morochenko. – Omsk, 1995. – P. 74-75 : Il.

Tretyakov Nikolay Yakovlevich // Omsk artists Union : the album-directory. – Omsk, 2004. – Pp. 288-291, Il.