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Max Ernst
Max
 Ernst
France 1891−1976
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Biography and information
 
Max Ernst (1891−1976), painter, graphic, sculptor. The founder of Dada, a representative of surrealism, a master of collage and the inventor of the technique of frottage,. Paintings by Ernst are on display in many museums and galleries of contemporary art.

The first drawing lessons received Max from his father, Amateur artist. Rich imagination and luxury types of wildlife that surrounded the small German town of Bruehl, contributed to the development of thrust to art. At the insistence of parents, the young man entered the University in Bonn, where he studied from 1908 to 1914, combining classes in philosophy, psychology, literature and history of painting. Paintings by max Ernst that period were landscapes, portraits and caricatures, which he would draw in their free time lessons.

In addition to lessons, Ernst visited art museums, where he studied the works of the great masters. A firm decision to choose the path he took after the exhibition in Cologne, where he exhibited paintings of Paris school artists — Cezanne, van Gogh, Pablo Picasso and Gauguin.

Paintings By Max Ernst


The year 1919 was a landmark for Ernst: together with other artists, writers and critics, he creates a group of Dadaists. Exhibits of the exhibitions is as the work of the organizers, among whom were Johann Bargeld, Otto Freundlich and other artists, and work by Amateur artists, including psychiatric patients. Of course, there was always a place for pictures of Ernst and his collages, which he at that time got carried away.

Experimenting with different techniques max gave a statement about the meeting Lautreamont sewing machine and an umbrella on an operating table. In his paintings Max Ernst tries to combine a variety of materials were fragments of illustrated books, advertising catalogues, manuals to appliances and devices. Taken out of context, subjects were transferred into another reality and become characters in new stories. It is believed that the invention of the technique of collage, Ernst had a significant impact on the aesthetics of Dadaism.

Using the technique of collage in his paintings, Max Ernst easily play with images familiar to the viewer. Transforming them into something new, strange and, at first glance, devoid of sense, he created a new world filled with whimsical absurdity, but, nevertheless, not devoid of attraction. The most famous work of Ernst is «Storesgreat woman», which includes 149 songs. The artist himself called these works «novels in collage».

In 1924, having moved to Paris, Max Ernst, together with Andre Breton and other artists and writers started a new trend known as «surrealism». The basic principle of this style was the dominant gear in the subconscious of the human reality through voluntary Association. This period in the life of Ernst was marked by the invention of frottage — on paper, transferred the print from the surface of an object with a rough and coarse texture. Paintings by Ernst written like this: the artist put the piece of paper not pared down on a wooden block and rubbing the surface of the sheet in charcoal or pencil, receiving a certain image, which was then dorisovyvali colors.

In the paintings of Ernst, every spectator will find something in tune with their own inner experiences. Bright colors, whimsical silhouettes, play of contrasts — it all fascinates and provokes contemplation of another, unfamiliar world, whether «Plot 135», «Emperor», «Zoomorphic couple», «Capricorn» and so forth.
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All women in the life of this German artist were as extraordinary as himself. A muse of Surrealist artists, Russian-born Gala, a French aristocrat and artist Marie-Berthe Aurenche, an English-born Mexican artist Leonora Carrington , a famous American art collector Peggy Guggenheim and a daughter of Swedish emigrés, artist Dorothea Tanning ...  Max Ernst attracted the strong, the courageous…

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On August 3, 1914, Germany declared war on France. From that day on, in the next four years the Parisian newspaper "Le Figaro" would lead a terrible account of the days. On November 11, 1918 the morning issue of the newspaper contained the message: "The 1561st day of War". Newsmen didn't know that day would be the last one, and the Parisians were leery of enjoying the signs of the end of the war…


Olga Romeyko
, 29 July 08:41 PM 0
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Уважаемая Анна, благодарю за замечательную статью, за такую объёмную систематизацию большого материала, важных событий во всемирной истории и истории искусства. Хочу обратить Ваше внимание, что Кандинский никогда не был ни укаинцем, ни поляком, а тем более - русским. Конечно, приятно сделать гения своим соотечественником. И с этой позиции хочу сказать , что в Беларуси до сих пор живут его кровные родственники. Ещё раз - благодарю Вас за огромный результативный труд.
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Whole feed
Artworks by the artist
total 274 artworks
Max Ernst. Landscape
1
Landscape
1920, 19×24 cm
Max Ernst. Sunday guests
1
Sunday guests
1924, 55×65 cm
Max Ernst. The sun and the forest
1
The sun and the forest
1931, 41×28 cm
Max Ernst. Gala Dali
1
Gala Dali
1924, 81×65 cm
Max Ernst. Portrait of a young woman
3
Portrait of a young woman
1908, 36×54 cm
Max Ernst. Wheel
0
Wheel
1919
Max Ernst. Night
1
Night
1946, 91×162 cm
Max Ernst. People know nothing
3
People know nothing
1923, 80×63 cm
Max Ernst. Elephants Celebes
2
Elephants Celebes
1921, 125.4×107.9 cm
View 274 artworks by the artist
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