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Max Ernst
Max
 Ernst
France 1891−1976
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Biography and information
 
Max Ernst (1891−1976), painter, graphic, sculptor. The founder of Dada, a representative of surrealism, a master of collage and the inventor of the technique of frottage,. Paintings by Ernst are on display in many museums and galleries of contemporary art.

The first drawing lessons received Max from his father, Amateur artist. Rich imagination and luxury types of wildlife that surrounded the small German town of Bruehl, contributed to the development of thrust to art. At the insistence of parents, the young man entered the University in Bonn, where he studied from 1908 to 1914, combining classes in philosophy, psychology, literature and history of painting. Paintings by max Ernst that period were landscapes, portraits and caricatures, which he would draw in their free time lessons.

In addition to lessons, Ernst visited art museums, where he studied the works of the great masters. A firm decision to choose the path he took after the exhibition in Cologne, where he exhibited paintings of Paris school artists — Cezanne, van Gogh, Pablo Picasso and Gauguin.

Paintings By Max Ernst


The year 1919 was a landmark for Ernst: together with other artists, writers and critics, he creates a group of Dadaists. Exhibits of the exhibitions is as the work of the organizers, among whom were Johann Bargeld, Otto Freundlich and other artists, and work by Amateur artists, including psychiatric patients. Of course, there was always a place for pictures of Ernst and his collages, which he at that time got carried away.

Experimenting with different techniques max gave a statement about the meeting Lautreamont sewing machine and an umbrella on an operating table. In his paintings Max Ernst tries to combine a variety of materials were fragments of illustrated books, advertising catalogues, manuals to appliances and devices. Taken out of context, subjects were transferred into another reality and become characters in new stories. It is believed that the invention of the technique of collage, Ernst had a significant impact on the aesthetics of Dadaism.

Using the technique of collage in his paintings, Max Ernst easily play with images familiar to the viewer. Transforming them into something new, strange and, at first glance, devoid of sense, he created a new world filled with whimsical absurdity, but, nevertheless, not devoid of attraction. The most famous work of Ernst is "Storesgreat woman", which includes 149 songs. The artist himself called these works "novels in collage".

In 1924, having moved to Paris, Max Ernst, together with Andre Breton and other artists and writers started a new trend known as "surrealism". The basic principle of this style was the dominant gear in the subconscious of the human reality through voluntary Association. This period in the life of Ernst was marked by the invention of frottage — on paper, transferred the print from the surface of an object with a rough and coarse texture. Paintings by Ernst written like this: the artist put the piece of paper not pared down on a wooden block and rubbing the surface of the sheet in charcoal or pencil, receiving a certain image, which was then dorisovyvali colors.

In the paintings of Ernst, every spectator will find something in tune with their own inner experiences. Bright colors, whimsical silhouettes, play of contrasts — it all fascinates and provokes contemplation of another, unfamiliar world, whether "Plot 135", "Emperor", "Zoomorphic couple", "Capricorn" and so forth.
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Surrealism
Surrealism (Fr. surréalisme) is an avant-garde art movement of the first half of the twentieth century characterized by the fusion of reality with something else, but not oppositional. Surrealism is a dream which is neither real, nor surreal. The style is characterized by allusions and a paradoxical combination of forms, visual deception. In the paintings of the Surrealists hard objects and rocks often melt, and the water, on the contrary, hardens. Read more
(Fr. surréalisme ) is an avant-garde art movement of the first half of the twentieth century characterized by the fusion of reality with something else, but not oppositional. Surrealism
Surrealism (Fr. surréalisme) is an avant-garde art movement of the first half of the twentieth century characterized by the fusion of reality with something else, but not oppositional. Surrealism is a dream which is neither real, nor surreal. The style is characterized by allusions and a paradoxical combination of forms, visual deception. In the paintings of the Surrealists hard objects and rocks often melt, and the water, on the contrary, hardens. Read more
is a dream which is neither real, nor surreal. The style is characterized by allusions and a paradoxical combination of forms, visual deception. In the paintings of the Surrealists hard objects and…
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Max Ernst. Untitled (La Forêt)
Untitled (La Forêt)
Max Ernst
1951, 25×19.1 cm
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Artworks by the artist
total 275 artworks
Max Ernst. Gala Dali
2
Gala Dali
1924, 81×65 cm
Max Ernst. People know nothing
4
People know nothing
1923, 80×63 cm
Max Ernst. Landscape with the sun
1
Landscape with the sun
1909, 80×60 cm
Max Ernst. Self-portrait
2
Self-portrait
1909, 90×60 cm
Max Ernst. Immersion in water
2
Immersion in water
1919, 54×43 cm
Max Ernst. French garden
4
French garden
1962, 114×168 cm
Max Ernst. Embalmed forest
3
Embalmed forest
1933, 162×254 cm
Max Ernst. Loplop and young girl
2
Loplop and young girl
1930, 195×89 cm
Max Ernst. The antipope
4
The antipope
1942, 160×127 cm
View 276 artworks by the artist