Germany • 1480−1529

Biography and information

Matthias Grunewald (real name Gothart Nithart, rod. 1470 or 1475, würzburg – mind. 1528, Halle) — German painter, one of the representatives of the so-called Northern Renaissance.

Features the work of Matthias grünewald: painted pictures on religious themes, is one of the most brilliant artists of his time, managed like no other to convey the sublime mysticism and tragedy of the era. A significant part of his life was court artist to Archbishop of Mainz.

Famous paintings of Matthias grünewald: there are not more than ten works of the painter, among them the most famous work – "Sengeysky the altar"as well as "The Mockery Of Christ""The meeting of saints Erasmus and Mauritius", "Stopanska Madonna".

Perhaps the artist Matthias Grunewald is one of the most mysterious and enigmatic in the history of European art. His name for several centuries, was consigned to complete oblivion, and only in the late nineteenth century accidentally rediscovered. Of the skill and talent of this artist is eloquent testimony to the fact that for many years the authorship of the paintings of Matthias Grunewald attributed to the genius of Albrecht dürer. Little more than a hundred years ago, information about it was published in one of the books on the history of painting, the painter again "no luck" and the author mistakenly gave him the name of another little known artist. Therefore, Gothart Nithart went down in history under the name of Matthias grünewald.

After a few centuries of complete neglect of the work of Grunewald became a source of inspiration for the expressionists, who during the second half of the nineteenth century helped the master to take its rightful place in the Pantheon of the greatest artists of Germany. Literally bit by bit managed to collect a meager facts, which in General became known biography of the master.

The first document confirming the existence of the painter Matthias grünewald, was found in the archives of the receipt that he received money for the order. This document was first mentioned and his real name was Mathis Nithart, a native of würzburg. About parents painters and his coaches don't know anything. Well established is the fact that in 1504 the artist Grunewald was paid minskim Archbishop for the design of the residence. It is also known that for meritorious service at the court of the Archbishop of the painter was granted a title of nobility.

Paintings By Matthias Grünewald

Despite the long years of service at the court of the influential person, the name of the artist was completely forgotten, and his creative legacy either died or were attributed to other masters. To our days there were very few paintings of Matthias grünewald. Most extant works are fragments of an altar compositions, multi-leaf altars, some paintings and dozens of drawings. The artist Grunewald is the author of the famous paintings "the Reproach of Christ" that is stored in the Munich Pinakothek. This painting depicts the Saviour, humbly razing the insults of his guards. This story was extremely rare in Medieval painting. The master managed to create a dynamic composition, vividly conveys the feelings of all the characters in this gospel story.

The most famous and important works of the painter Matthias grünewald, extant, is considered Sengeysky the altar. The exact date of the creation of a masterpiece is not known, it is assumed that the painter could create it between 1505 and 1515 years. The altar was created at the request of the monastic order Antonito. This work has gone through many dramatic wars and revolutions and, unlike other works of Grunewald, miraculously remained almost untouched.

Another beautifully preserved cloth, authored by the artist Matthias Grunewald – the "Meeting of St Erasmus and St Maurice". Mauritius is the patron of the Halle, the city also housed the relics of St. Erasmus. The jacket is made with amazing craftsmanship, it is distinguished by a subtle sense of color and complexity of composition. Among the mysterious paintings of Matthias grünewald, an unusual fate was to be another masterpiece, "Stupinskoj Madonna". This painting for many years attributed to another outstanding artist, Peter Paul Rubens, and only recently was established the real authorship.