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Alexey Georgievich Yavlensky
 Georgievich Yavlensky
Germany 1864−1941
Biography and information
Alexey Georgievich Jawlensky (it. Alexej von Jawlensky; March 25, 1864, Tver province, March 15, 1941, Wiesbaden) – artist-expressionist, who was born and raised in Russia, but a famous artist was in Germany, where he lived most of his life.

Features of the artist Alexei Jawlensky: the artist went through a passion for avant-garde movements - post-impressionism, cubism, Fauvism. Never imitating and not using blind techniques, Jawlensky tried to his view of the world different visual languages. In the New art Association and The "blue rider"Jawlensky – expressionist: a bright, contrasting colour, simplified forms without volume, beautiful plane, covered with a clean tone, and the desire to Express inner feelings by means of painting. Finding all space and meaning in human persons, Jawlensky is increasingly focused on the portrait, writes a few cycles "goals": portraits of friends, then the impersonal "Mystical head", "Abstract head". In the last portrait series of "Meditation" Jawlensky closer to abstraction – but there, on the border, and stopped: horizontal read more like eyes and mouth, a vertical line – like nose, with the General view of the line invariably develop in the cross.

Famous paintings of Alexei Jawlensky: "Portrait of the dancer Alexander Sakharov", "Abstract head: late summer (Crescent)", "The lady with peonies", "Shokko in wide-brimmed hat", "Meditation".


In 1882, has opened in Moscow the all-Russian artistic and industrial exhibition. It was postponed for 7 years, first because of Russia's participation in World exhibitions in France and America, then because of the assassination of the Emperor. But now the event was a Grand porcelain and vodka plants, a fountain with Cologne and electric railway gun and steel plants, horticultural and agricultural achievements. Cadets lead through the halls tour. The student cadet corps Alexei Jawlensky yawning considering the pavilions, wearily moving from Smoking machines to melee weapons. And suddenly his eyes lingering on the walls of the art pavilion, he sees the picturesque exhibition for the first time in my life. From this day on, art is becoming the cadet Jawlensky passion and purpose in life.

Alexei's father, the Colonel, a nobleman, prepared his son for military service and with huge bewilderment heard from the teacher, the son must necessarily professionally to paint. Because the talent, ability and calling. Colonel Jawlensky even willing to listen to recommendations, but the time to arrange the fate of his son, he will be gone, he dies a month later. And then Alex had become a great military to be able to become an artist. He enrolled in military school, hard at work, and on Sundays, copies of paintings Vasily Vereshchaginin the Tretyakov gallery.

Releasing from school, Lieutenant Jawlensky connections, charm, persistence achieves the same goal – transfer from Moscow to St Petersburg, because there the officers can visit the Academy of arts.


Impressive, passionate silent with a military bearing, Alexei Jawlensky to a ripe old age will have a strange effect on smart, energetic and talented women: it will blindly believe.

With Marianne Verevkin, a young artist, Jawlensky met already as a student of the Academy of arts, a Lieutenant of the Alexander Nevsky regiment and a regular at the famous meeting in the house Ilya Repin. Educated, capable of Marianna within a realistic art bored already, she is looking for own language, trying to write in new ways, able to captivate and convince. And Alex, 4 years younger, still plaster copies of busts and statues at the Academy. And she does it to teach, to instruct – they work together in the Studio, leaving the estate Verevkina for summer studies. Impressed with the success Jawlensky, Marianne are ready for it all. Already in love, admiring Alex takes in vain the favor of Marianne for love – she loves his art, ready to be called common-law wife ready to take him to study in Munich for his "Royal" pension, which was written after the death of his father. But neither to marry nor to start a real novel is not going physical intimacy she despises.

Elena Neznamova was a pupil, a cook and a maid Verevkin in Russia and moved to Munich with her to help with the housework. Several years will pass and still a minor Jawlensky Elena will give birth to a son. On the one hand, Marianne: she refused to own career, and engaged exclusively in the work of Alexei, staged in the house "Pink salon" where he can meet with writers, artists, dancers and diplomats, she writes about art works and lectures. On the other hand Elena: it is so nice to chat in the kitchen about worldly Affairs, to laugh and play with beloved son. This odd family will live under one roof more than 20 years: little Andrew to teach painting will and Marianne, and Alex, the trip will all go together. Break up with Jawlensky Verevkina and married with Neznakomoi when he is already 58 years old.

25-year-old Amy Shaer, the daughter of a wealthy industrialist, young impressionistka, educated and free, visited the exhibition of works by Alexei Jawlensky in 1914. And was so shocked that tracked down the artist, who then took refuge in Switzerland from the war, threw his own painting, and devoted his life to one goal – to acquaint the world with paintings by Jawlensky. In 1920 she's a personal Secretary, but in reality much more: he writes letters, organizes exhibitions, hanging paintings on them, gives lectures and leads tours, carries them from city to city and from country to country.

There were others, inexplicably loyal, passionate, intimate women. Artist and designer Lisa Kümmel, who just came into the shop and helping the patient to Alexei Georgievich to systematize the work, to prepare their catalogue, record memories, glues, Olivet and the rest of the stuff. Or, for example, Hanna Bekker vom Rath, is also the artist who organized the whole community to support Jawlensky, collected from its members contributions and helped to survive the artist and his family at a difficult time. Granddaughter and Keeper of the Fund Yavlensky says: grandfather was an exceptional friend, gave advice and was able to listen to was courteous and sympathetic, talked to women as equals and seriously talked about how to combine colors in an outfit, if it was not less important than the new picture.


Critics (mostly German) saying that Jawlensky unique as the artist and is listed in the second row, for whatever biased reasons. His "Head" and "Meditation", a series of small canvases with portraits like no other. They struck the contemporaries with sculptural depth, bold painting, spiritual sound. They appeared out of nowhere and tradition, not borrowed. They grew out of his own inner search.

When Jawlensky and Verevkina was in Germany, Alex went to study in the Slovak school of Anton ažbe and there met Wassily Kandinsky. This friendship will last for many years: Verevkina, Jawlensky, Kandinsky and his lover Gabrielle Munterwill live in the same house in Murnau, along organize a New art Association and, later, to be close to the "Blue horseman". Together they send work to the exhibitions of the French fauves, exhibition of Russian art, organized by Diaghilev. Kandinsky's charismatic, persuasive, persistent – he wrote theoretical works and earns rewards. Jawlensky many years teaches at a private art school and silently writes, interested in Buddhism and goes to lectures esotericism of Steiner. Painting for him is a very personal thing, the process of finding the truth and the right language.

The first world war, the exile, the need to build a life from scratch, lost during moving picture, fame and recognition, years of seizures and prohibitions during the rise of Hitler, serious illness and desperate poverty. In all these turmoil, he finds only reason to write – to find God and the meaning of his own existence, far more important than fame. "I realized that true art must be written only with religious feeling. And this I could Express only in a human face. I understand that the artist has to say through forms and colors that it is Divine. Therefore, the work of art is a visible God, and the art is seeking. I wrote the person a lot of years, and nature as a prompter I was no longer needed".

The exhibition "Degenerate art" Jawlensky brought in a wheelchair. He now works with two hands – one does not work. He wrote his "Meditation", almost abstract, perfect head, free from unnecessary details – pure spirit and pure meaning. But passing through the halls with paintings of familiar, friends, talented artists, and realizes that nobody except him is seeking now is not necessary. On exhibit 4 of its work.

Author: Anna Sidelnikova
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Narine Zolyan

Styles of art
Branches of art

Artistic associations
  • Wreath
  • The world of art
  • New society of artists (NOH)

  • All-Russia Academy Of Arts
  • Private school drawing Anton Anton Aschbe in Munich
    1897  -